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Expert Testimony on the Psychology of Eyewitness Identification

Brian L. Cutler (ed.)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195331974
eISBN:
9780199868193
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331974.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

This book provides a contemporary review of empirical and legal issues surrounding expert psychological testimony on eyewitness identification. The chapters address a variety of topics, including the ... More


False Memory in Criminal Investigation

C. J. Brainerd and V. F. Reyna

in The Science of False Memory

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195154054
eISBN:
9780199868384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195154054.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter examines false-memory phenomena in adult witness interviews and in eyewitness identification of suspects. The chapter is divided into two sections. The first section contains examples of ... More


Expert Psychology Testimony on Eyewitness Identification: Consensus Among Experts?

Harmon M. Hosch, Kevin W. Jolly, Larissa A. Schmersal, and Brooke A. Smith

in Expert Testimony on the Psychology of Eyewitness Identification

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195331974
eISBN:
9780199868193
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331974.003.007
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

A criterion a judge uses to decide whether to admit expert psychology testimony in a court of law will be whether there is a consensus among experts as to the facts of the testimony the expert will ... More


Afterword

Brian L. Cutler

in Expert Testimony on the Psychology of Eyewitness Identification

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195331974
eISBN:
9780199868193
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331974.003.012
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

The Afterword summarizes the book's main aims and usefulness. This book has reviewed a substantial number of factors associated with expert psychological testimony on eyewitness identification. It ... More


6. Due Process Exclusion of Eyewitness Identifications

James J. Tomkovicz

in Constitutional Exclusion: The Rules, Rights, and Remedies that Strike the Balance Between Freedom and Order

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195369243
eISBN:
9780199893409
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195369243.003.0014
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter explains the Due Process Clause-based exclusion doctrine barring eyewitness identifications produced by unnecessarily suggestive official procedures. This suppression mandate was first ... More


5. Sixth Amendment Exclusion of Eyewitness Identifications

James J. Tomkovicz

in Constitutional Exclusion: The Rules, Rights, and Remedies that Strike the Balance Between Freedom and Order

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195369243
eISBN:
9780199893409
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195369243.003.0013
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter describes the Wade–Gilbert Sixth Amendment right to counsel-based exclusionary rule that appeared in 1967 and has not been discussed by the Supreme Court since 1977. It suppresses ... More


Lineup Procedures in Eyewitness Identification

Scott D. Gronlund, Charles A. Goodsell, and Shannon M. Andersen

in Memory and Law

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199920754
eISBN:
9780199950133
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199920754.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Forensic Psychology

Faulty eyewitness identification is a leading reason that innocent people are convicted and incarcerated. Wells (1978) introduced a distinction between two sets of variables that affect the accuracy ... More


Constitutional Exclusion: The Rules, Rights, and Remedies that Strike the Balance Between Freedom and Order

James J. Tomkovicz

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195369243
eISBN:
9780199893409
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195369243.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

The Supreme Court's interpretations of constitutional guarantees have produced seven “exclusionary rules” which prevent prosecutors from introducing evidence of guilt in criminal trials. By requiring ... More


Towards a Broader Perspective on the Problem of Mistaken Identification: Police Decision-Making and Identification Procedures

Andrew Roberts

in Law and Psychology: Current Legal Issues Volume 9

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199211395
eISBN:
9780191695803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211395.003.0012
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter examines the major advances in our understanding of eyewitness identification. It proposes a theoretical framework into which this decision-making process can be placed. It demonstrates ... More


Eyewitness Descriptions and Identifications of Familiar Perpetrators

Joanna Pozzulo

in Familiarity and Conviction in the Criminal Justice System: Definitions, Theory, and Eyewitness Research

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780190874810
eISBN:
9780190874841
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190874810.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

This chapter discusses the role of an eyewitness, the importance of eyewitness testimony, and the different identification decisions that an eyewitness can make when the police have apprehended the ... More


Misinformation in the Courtroom

Shari R. Berkowitz and Elizabeth F. Loftus

in Finding the Truth in the Courtroom: Dealing with Deception, Lies, and Memories

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780190612016
eISBN:
9780190612030
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190612016.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

For many decades eyewitness-memory researchers have testified as expert witnesses in legal cases. Although eyewitness-memory experts may testify to the myriad factors that can influence and distort ... More


Factors That Can Interact with Familiarity: System Variables

Joanna Pozzulo

in Familiarity and Conviction in the Criminal Justice System: Definitions, Theory, and Eyewitness Research

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780190874810
eISBN:
9780190874841
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190874810.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

This chapter discusses system variables that are under the control of the criminal justice system and can be manipulated after the crime has occurred, such as the type of lineup procedure shown to ... More


Factors That Can Interact with Familiarity: Estimator Variables

Joanna Pozzulo

in Familiarity and Conviction in the Criminal Justice System: Definitions, Theory, and Eyewitness Research

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780190874810
eISBN:
9780190874841
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190874810.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

This chapter examines the role of estimator variables within eyewitness memory. Estimator variables are factors that occur during the time of the crime that may affect eyewitness identification ... More


Familiarity and Conviction in the Criminal Justice System: Definitions, Theory, and Eyewitness Research

Joanna Pozzulo, Emily Pica, and Chelsea Sheahan

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780190874810
eISBN:
9780190874841
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190874810.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

Eyewitnesses are likely to have some degree of familiarity with a perpetrator when a crime is committed. Despite the fact that the majority of crimes are committed by someone with whom the ... More


Exonerating the Wrongfully Convicted

Justin Brooks and Desiree Moshayedi

in Silent Witness: Forensic DNA Evidence in Criminal Investigations and Humanitarian Disasters

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190909444
eISBN:
9780197539958
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190909444.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Chapter 2 examines the critical role DNA analysis has played in exonerating the wrongfully convicted. Since the first DNA exoneration in 1988 of Gary Dotson, falsely convicted of rape in Illinois, ... More


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