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Life at the Edge: Lesons from Extremophiles

Toby Tyrrell

in On Gaia: A Critical Investigation of the Relationship between Life and Earth

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691121581
eISBN:
9781400847914
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691121581.003.0003
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

This chapter begins by reviewing the most recent research on extremophiles. It then examines the suggestion that the suitability of the planetary environment for life is strong evidence in favor of ... More


Microbes from Hell

Patrick Forterre

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226265827
eISBN:
9780226265964
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226265964.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Microbiology

The book “Microbes from Hell” is both an historical report of the discovery of hyperthermophiles and a personal recollection by the author of his own work on these microorganisms. The molecular ... More


Astrobiology

Johanna Laybourn-Parry, Tranter Martyn, and Hodson Andrew J.

in The Ecology of Snow and Ice Environments

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199583072
eISBN:
9780191774669
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583072.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology, Ecology

Organisms that live with ice are extremophiles, and are viewed as analogues for potential life on other planets and their moons in our solar system. Extraterrestrial cryospheric environments are ... More


Prologue

Patrick Forterre

in Microbes from Hell

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226265827
eISBN:
9780226265964
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226265964.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Microbiology

In the prologue, the author briefly presents microbes from hell with their fancy names such as Pyrococcus abyssi, the burning shell of the abyss. These microbes became famous at the end of the last ... More


Genesis 2.0? SETI and Biology

David Wilkinson

in Science, Religion, and the Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199680207
eISBN:
9780191760167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199680207.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

The work of Miller and Urey encouraged the belief that life could be formed easily in many places in the Universe. Yet Darwinian evolution casts doubt on how many times primitive life may evolve to ... More


What Are Extremophiles?: A Philosophical Perspective

Carlos Mariscal and T.D.P. Brunet

in Social and Conceptual Issues in Astrobiology

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780190915650
eISBN:
9780197506066
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190915650.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

This chapter studies the concept of an extremophile. In the 1970s, R. D. MacElroy coined the term “extremophile” to describe microorganisms that thrive under extreme conditions. This hybrid word ... More


Bioorganic Synthesis Engineering

L. K. Doraiswamy

in Organic Synthesis Engineering

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195096897
eISBN:
9780197560822
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195096897.003.0029
Subject:
Chemistry, Organic Chemistry

Biological processes, from the simplest to the most complex, can broadly be classified as those caused by the catalytic action of living entities known as microorganisms or microbes, and those ... More


Learning from Molecules in Distress

Roald Hoffmann and Henning Hopf

in Roald Hoffmann on the Philosophy, Art, and Science of Chemistry

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199755905
eISBN:
9780197563069
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199755905.003.0013
Subject:
Chemistry, History of Chemistry

From the time we first got an inkling of the geometries and metrics of molecules, the literature of organic chemistry has contained characterizations of molecules as unstable, strained, distorted, ... More


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