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Changing Contexts and Emerging Vulnerabilities

Robin M. Leichenko and Karen L. O'Brien

in Environmental Change and Globalization: Double Exposures

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195177329
eISBN:
9780199869800
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177329.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter demonstrates how processes of global change are affecting vulnerability to all types of shocks and extreme events in urban areas. It first shows how both processes are altering ... More


Markov Switches and Extreme Events

Christian Gollier

in Pricing the Planet's Future: The Economics of Discounting in an Uncertain World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148762
eISBN:
9781400845408
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148762.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter examines the effects of a dramatic switch in the dynamics of economic growth for the term structure of the discount rate over the longer term. Economies undergo radical transformations. ... More


Parametric Uncertainty and Fat Tails

Christian Gollier

in Pricing the Planet's Future: The Economics of Discounting in an Uncertain World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148762
eISBN:
9781400845408
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148762.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter shows how the probability distribution for economic growth is subject to some parametric uncertainty. There is a limited data set for the dynamics of economic growth, and the absence of ... More


Extreme Risks and the Retirement Anomaly

Tim Hodgson

in Recreating Sustainable Retirement: Resilience, Solvency, and Tail Risk

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780198719243
eISBN:
9780191788505
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198719243.003.0011
Subject:
Business and Management, Pensions and Pension Management

This chapter examines a number of extreme risks facing pension systems. The focus is more on non-economic risks, since these have tended to receive less attention than the more obvious financial and ... More


Winning the War Against the Weather and Other Extreme Events

Howard C. Kunreuther and Erwann O. Michel-Kerjan

in At War with the Weather: Managing Large-Scale Risks in a New Era of Catastrophes

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262012829
eISBN:
9780262255431
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262012829.003.0015
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This concluding chapter challenges the notion that major accidents and disasters are low-probability/high-consequence events and proposes a more coherent strategy to link risk assessment, risk ... More


The Great Broadening

Bryan D. Jones, Sean M. Theriault, and Michelle C. Whyman

in The Great Broadening: How the Vast Expansion of the Policymaking Agenda Transformed American Politics

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780226625805
eISBN:
9780226626130
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226626130.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

In Chapter 1, we argue that the Great Broadening was a rare and extreme event, a rupture, during which the role of the federal government inexorably changed. Almost all at once, the national ... More


Dull Disasters?: How planning ahead will make a difference

Daniel J. Clarke and Stefan Dercon

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780198785576
eISBN:
9780191827440
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198785576.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Economic losses from disasters are now reaching an average of US$250–$300 billion a year. In the last 20 years, more than 530,000 people died as a direct result ... More


Changes

Tim Woollings

in Jet Stream: A Journey Through our Changing Climate

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780198828518
eISBN:
9780191867002
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198828518.003.0016
Subject:
Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics

Many aspects of climate change predicted by scientists are already appearing, with the structure and rate of warming generally proceeding as anticipated. But changes in wind patterns and circulation ... More


Financial Crashes: What, How, Why, and When?

Didier Sornette

in Why Stock Markets Crash: Critical Events in Complex Financial Systems

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691175959
eISBN:
9781400885091
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691175959.003.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Finance, Accounting, and Banking

This chapter explains what financial crashes are and why, how, and when they occur. More specifically, it examines the mechanisms underlying crashes; whether we can forecast crashes; whether we could ... More


Jet Stream: A Journey Through our Changing Climate

Tim Woollings

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780198828518
eISBN:
9780191867002
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198828518.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics

A number of extreme weather events have struck the Northern Hemisphere in recent years, from scorching heatwaves to desperately cold winters and from floods and storms to droughts and wildfires. Is ... More


Satellite remote sensing and natural disturbances

Nathalie Pettorelli

in Satellite Remote Sensing and the Management of Natural Resources

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780198717263
eISBN:
9780191785979
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198717263.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

This chapter provides an overview of how satellite remote sensing can help map the occurrence, and risk of occurrence, of several environmental disturbances; assess the extent of the associated ... More


Dealing with Disasters: It should and can get better

Daniel J. Clarke and Stefan Dercon

in Dull Disasters?: How planning ahead will make a difference

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780198785576
eISBN:
9780191827440
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198785576.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The world does not turn a blind eye to disasters. In fact, many disasters are followed by an outpouring of generosity. Despite such gestures, disaster responses often seem insufficient, slow, and not ... More


Environmental affordances and the work of everyday family lives

Ann Phoenix, Uma Vennam, Catherine Walker, and Janet Boddy

in Environment in the Lives of Children and Families: Perspectives from India and the UK

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781447339199
eISBN:
9781447339229
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447339199.003.0003
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

This chapter looks at the sort of environmental issues that families in India and the UK had to negotiate: sometimes routinely (for example, pollution and danger from road traffic) and sometimes ... More


Climate Change

Barry S. Levy and Jonathan A. Patz

in Occupational and Environmental Health

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780190662677
eISBN:
9780190662707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190662677.003.0032
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Environmental consequences of climate change include increases in temperature as well as frequency, severity, and/or duration of heat waves; heavy precipitation events; intensity and/or duration of ... More


Risk

Peter Richmond, Jürgen Mimkes, and Stefan Hutzler

in Econophysics and Physical Economics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199674701
eISBN:
9780191780066
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199674701.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter introduces the statistics associated with extreme events and then goes on to discuss how these ideas have been used to construct portfolios where the risk is minimized. While extreme ... More


False Choices and Black Boxes: The Costs of Limited Data

Michael R. Powers

in Acts of God and Man: Ruminations on Risk and Insurance

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231153676
eISBN:
9780231527057
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231153676.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

In recent decades, governments, corporations, and ordinary citizens the world over have become more aware of the potential impact of extreme-event, or catastrophe, risks. Dramatic events such as the ... More


Bird Communities: Effects of Fragmentation, Disturbance, and Sea Level Rise on Population Viability

John Y. Takekawa, Isa Woo, Karen M. Thorne, Kevin J. Buffington, Nadav Nur, Michael L. Casazza, and Joshua T. Ackerman

in Ecology, Conservation, and Restoration of Tidal Marshes: The San Francisco Estuary

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780520274297
eISBN:
9780520954014
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520274297.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Birds have distinct niches in San Francisco Bay tidal marshes, based on their foraging guilds and habitat associations. Urbanization has resulted in a static system with a less resilient avian ... More


New Applications Across Disciplines

Amos Golan

in Foundations of Info-Metrics: Modeling, Inference, and Imperfect Information

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780199349524
eISBN:
9780199349555
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199349524.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

In this chapter I provide four detailed, cross-disciplinary case studies, developed for this book. The case studies are from the medical sciences, political science, and finance. In each case, I ... More


Impacts of Global Warming in India: Narratives from Below

Nagraj Adve

in India in a Warming World: Integrating Climate Change and Development

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780199498734
eISBN:
9780199098408
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199498734.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Indian Politics

This chapter uses ethnographic and documentary material to provide glimpses of how people experience, talk about, and negotiate climate change and increased variability in different parts of India. ... More


Recreating Sustainable Retirement: Resilience, Solvency, and Tail Risk

Olivia S. Mitchell, Raimond Maurer, and P.Brett Hammond (eds)

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780198719243
eISBN:
9780191788505
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198719243.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Pensions and Pension Management

The financial crisis of the late 2000s and the Great Recession that followed it alerted many of those seeking to protect old-age security to the numerous extreme risks that are confronting the ... More


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