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The Signature Of Life: Designing the Astrobiological Imagination

Stefan Helmreich, Sophia Roosth, and Michele Friedner

in Sounding the Limits of Life: Essays in the Anthropology of Biology and Beyond

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691164809
eISBN:
9781400873869
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691164809.003.0007
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter examines the project of astrobiology and its object, the “signature of life,” by drawing on the work of Hillel Schwartz, particularly his writing on time in Century's End, on duplication ... More


Rationales for Space Exploration: A Review and Reconsideration

James S.J. Schwartz

in The Value of Science in Space Exploration

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
March 2020
ISBN:
9780190069063
eISBN:
9780190069094
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190069063.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter considers and rejects traditional spaceflight rationales, accenting the insubstantial evidence that is usually offered in their support. It uses regression analyses and public opinion ... More


Earth, Life, Space: The Social Construction of the Biosphere and the Expansion of the Concept into Outer Space

Linda Billings

in Social and Conceptual Issues in Astrobiology

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780190915650
eISBN:
9780197506066
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190915650.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

This chapter discusses how the scientific search for evidence of extraterrestrial life has affected people's conception of the terrestrial biosphere. Austrian geologist Eduard Suess originated the ... More


Ethics and Extraterrestrials: What Obligations Will We Have to Extraterrestrial Life? What Obligations Will It Have to Us?

Adam Potthast

in Social and Conceptual Issues in Astrobiology

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780190915650
eISBN:
9780197506066
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190915650.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

This chapter examines how classical ethical theory might apply to the kind of alien life humans are most likely to encounter: nonrational, nonsentient life. Humans are unlikely to have basic ethical ... More


Conclusion

Andrew P. Ingersoll

in Planetary Climates

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691145044
eISBN:
9781400848232
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691145044.003.0011
Subject:
Environmental Science, Climate

This concluding chapter discusses some of the lessons that can be learned from studying the planets and planetary climates. It first considers the general principles that turned out to be right; for ... More


The Scope and Justification of Planetary Protection

James S.J. Schwartz

in The Value of Science in Space Exploration

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
March 2020
ISBN:
9780190069063
eISBN:
9780190069094
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190069063.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter argues that the scope of planetary protection policies should be expanded to include all potential sites of interest to space science. It begins by providing an overview of planetary ... More


The Roswell Incident

Robert Alan Goldberg

in Enemies Within: The Culture of Conspiracy in Modern America

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300090000
eISBN:
9780300132946
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300090000.003.0006
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This chapter examines conspiracy theories surrounding the Roswell UFO incident. Believers contend that a secret group within the federal government is covering up the evidence of extraterrestrial ... More


Kant in the Land of Extraterrestrials

Peter Szendy

in Kant in the Land of Extraterrestrials: Cosmopolitical Philosofictions

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780823255498
eISBN:
9780823260942
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823255498.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter explores Kant’s belief in the existence of intelligent extraterrestrial life—a form of life superior to the one known to us as humans on the Earth. Starting with one of his first pieces ... More


Conclusion: We Are Not Alone

Jon Towlson

in Close Encounters of the Third Kind

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781911325079
eISBN:
9781800342194
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781911325079.003.0006
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This concluding chapter explains why Steven Spielberg's Close Encounters of the Third Kind (1977) remains a singular science-fiction film. In the intervening years since the release of Close ... More


Astrobiology and Society: An Overview

Steven J. Dick

in Social and Conceptual Issues in Astrobiology

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780190915650
eISBN:
9780197506066
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190915650.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

This chapter traces the history of the search for life in the universe, from the ancient Greek atomists to the emergence of modern astrobiology. The idea of inhabited worlds dates back at least to ... More


Myth-Free Space Advocacy Part IV: The Myth of Public Support for Astrobiology

James S.J. Schwartz

in Social and Conceptual Issues in Astrobiology

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780190915650
eISBN:
9780197506066
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190915650.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

This chapter addresses a sociological question that has largely been ignored: How much does the public care about life in space? It argues that there is no clear evidence of widespread support in the ... More


Hell Is Other Planets: Extraterrestrial Life in the Western Theological Imagination

Derek Malone-France

in Social and Conceptual Issues in Astrobiology

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780190915650
eISBN:
9780197506066
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190915650.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

This chapter examines the history of questions concerning life on other worlds within theology. Not surprisingly, in each phase of the historic extraterrestrial life (ETL) debates, the conceptions of ... More


Astrobiology

Johanna Laybourn-Parry, Tranter Martyn, and Hodson Andrew J.

in The Ecology of Snow and Ice Environments

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199583072
eISBN:
9780191774669
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583072.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology, Ecology

Organisms that live with ice are extremophiles, and are viewed as analogues for potential life on other planets and their moons in our solar system. Extraterrestrial cryospheric environments are ... More


Cosmetics and Cosmopolitics

Peter Szendy

in Kant in the Land of Extraterrestrials: Cosmopolitical Philosofictions

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780823255498
eISBN:
9780823260942
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823255498.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter analyzes the extraterrestrial plots of films such as Invasion of the Body Snatchers (1956), They Live (1988), and Men in Black (1997). It also examines the philosofictive plot in Kant’s ... More


Rethinking Conceptual Intelligence and the Astrobiology Debate

Jason J. Howard

in Social and Conceptual Issues in Astrobiology

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780190915650
eISBN:
9780197506066
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190915650.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

This chapter addresses the implications of people’s understanding of conceptual intelligence on extraterrestrial debates in astrobiology. In presupposing life, and by extension conceptual ... More


Unnatural Selection or the Best of Both Worlds?: The Legal and Regulatory Ramifications of the Discovery of Alien Life

Christopher J. Newman

in Social and Conceptual Issues in Astrobiology

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780190915650
eISBN:
9780197506066
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190915650.003.0016
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

This concluding chapter details the current state of space law and, in particular, the mechanisms that might be used to deal with the discovery of extraterrestrial life. The law in such discovery ... More


Close Encounters: Cultural Impact

Jon Towlson

in Close Encounters of the Third Kind

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781911325079
eISBN:
9781800342194
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781911325079.003.0005
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This chapter reflects on the cultural impact of Steven Spielberg's Close Encounters of the Third Kind (1977). During the filming of Close Encounters, a rumour spread that the film was being secretly ... More


A Little Bit of Tourism…

Peter Szendy

in Kant in the Land of Extraterrestrials: Cosmopolitical Philosofictions

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780823255498
eISBN:
9780823260942
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823255498.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter explores Kant’s thoughts about extraterrestrials. It suggests that Kant’s speculations are directly and structurally linked to the cosmopolitical stakes of his thinking—in other words, ... More


Extraterrestrial Life

Andrew Steane

in Science and Humanity: A Humane Philosophy of Science and Religion

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198824589
eISBN:
9780191863370
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198824589.003.0016
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

An overheard (fictional) conversation between a terrestrial speaker and a representative alien from some other planet orbiting some other star. The conversation touches on moral and spiritual issues. ... More


Alien Phenomenology

Ian Bogost

in Alien Phenomenology, or What It's Like to Be a Thing

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816678976
eISBN:
9781452948447
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816678976.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter explores the concept of alien phenomenology. SETI’s (Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence) fundamental assumption states that if there is life in the universe, it ought to be able to ... More


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