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The conservation biologist's toolbox – principles for the design and analysis of conservation studies

Corey J. A. Bradshaw and Barry W. Brook

in Conservation Biology for All

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199554232
eISBN:
9780191720666
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199554232.003.0017
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

In this chapter, Corey J. A. Bradshaw and Barry W. Brook, discuss measures of biodiversity patterns followed by an overview of experimental design and associated statistical paradigms. Conservation ... More


Population viability analysis

Russell Lande, Steinar Engen, and Bernt-Erik SÆther

in Stochastic Population Dynamics in Ecology and Conservation

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198525257
eISBN:
9780191584930
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525257.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter incorporates stochastic dynamics and statistical uncertainty into population viability analysis using population prediction intervals. For most species insufficient information exists to ... More


Conservation Planning and Climate Change Effects

A. Townsend Peterson, Jorge Soberón, Richard G. Pearson, Robert P. Anderson, Enrique Martínez-Meyer, Miguel Nakamura, and Miguel Bastos Araújo

in Ecological Niches and Geographic Distributions (MPB-49)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691136868
eISBN:
9781400840670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691136868.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter discusses the use of niche models to help address the “what” and “where” questions in conservation biology as well as climate change effects. It first reviews the conceptual aspects of ... More


Conservation planning and priorities

Thomas Brooks

in Conservation Biology for All

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199554232
eISBN:
9780191720666
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199554232.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

In this chapter, Thomas Brooks charts the history, state, and prospects of conservation planning and prioritization in terrestrial and aquatic habitats. Conservation planning and prioritization are ... More


Size Matters: Toward Understanding the Natural History of Genomes

Norman A. Johnson

in Darwinian Detectives: Revealing the Natural History of Genes and Genomes

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195306750
eISBN:
9780199790203
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306750.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Genome size varies widely among different organisms, and is not very closely correlated with complexity of the organism. In species with large genomes, most of the DNA does not code for genes. This ... More


Sustainable harvesting

Russell Lande, Steinar Engen, and Bernt-Erik SÆther

in Stochastic Population Dynamics in Ecology and Conservation

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198525257
eISBN:
9780191584930
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525257.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter reviews recent analytical models of sustainable harvesting of fluctuating populations without age structure that incorporate the risk of population collapse or extinction. Using ... More


The Legacy of Extinction Risk Lessons From Giant Pandas And Other Threatened Carnivores

John L. Gittleman and Andrea J. Webster

in Giant Pandas: Biology and Conservation

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520238671
eISBN:
9780520930162
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520238671.003.0029
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter concentrates the life-history patterns to show which traits of giant pandas (e.g., birth weight, growth rate) are significantly different from reproductive rates in related terrestrial ... More


Incorporating extinction risk and realistic biodiversity futures: implementation of trait-based extinction scenarios

Martin Solan, Finlay Scott, Nicholas K. Dulvy, Jasmin A. Godbold, and Ruth Parker

in Marine Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning: Frameworks, methodologies, and integration

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199642250
eISBN:
9780191774768
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199642250.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

Many species are going extinct, mainly due to anthropogenic activities and climate forcing. The ecological significance of extinction has been linked to the sequential order of species loss and ... More


Inbreeding reduces reproductive fitness

Richard Frankham, Jonathan D. Ballou, Katherine Ralls, Mark D. B. Eldridge, Michele R. Dudash, Charles B. Fenster, Robert C. Lacy, and Paul Sunnucks

in Genetic Management of Fragmented Animal and Plant Populations

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780198783398
eISBN:
9780191826313
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198783398.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

The harmful impacts of inbreeding are generally greater in species that naturally outbreed compared to those in inbreeding species, greater in stressful than benign environments, greater for fitness ... More


Inbreeding and loss of genetic diversity increase extinction risk

Richard Frankham, Jonathan D. Ballou, Katherine Ralls, Mark D. B. Eldridge, Michele R. Dudash, Charles B. Fenster, Robert C. Lacy, and Paul Sunnucks

in A Practical Guide for Genetic Management of Fragmented Animal and Plant Populations

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780198783411
eISBN:
9780191826337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198783411.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Inbreeding reduces survival and reproduction (i.e. it causes inbreeding depression), and thereby increases extinction risk. Inbreeding depression is due to increased homozygosity for harmful alleles ... More


Stochasticity due to finiteness

Liz Pásztor, Zoltán Botta-Dukát, Gabriella Magyar, Tamás Czárán, and Géza Meszéna

in Theory-Based Ecology: A Darwinian approach

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780199577859
eISBN:
9780191823787
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577859.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

The inherent stochastic nature of individual life histories implies that finite populations always carry a risk of going extinct, even if their long-term growth potential is positive. The ... More


Why conserve primates?

Andrew J. Marshall and Serge A. Wich

in An Introduction to Primate Conservation

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780198703389
eISBN:
9780191824067
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198703389.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Eight types of justifications for conserving primates are discussed. The chapter begins by considering relatively anthropocentric reasons to conserve them, including their role in biomedical ... More


Assessing conservation status and units for conservation

Urs Breitenmoser, Christine Breitenmoser-Würsten, and Luigi Boitani

in Carnivore Ecology and Conservation: A Handbook of Techniques

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199558520
eISBN:
9780191774546
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558520.003.0017
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Ecology

This chapter addresses three questions for assessing carnivore conservation status and units for conservation: how to assess the risk of extinction for carnivore populations; how to identify and ... More


Population fragmentation causes inadequate gene flow and increases extinction risk

Richard Frankham, Jonathan D. Ballou, Katherine Ralls, Mark D. B. Eldridge, Michele R. Dudash, Charles B. Fenster, Robert C. Lacy, and Paul Sunnucks

in Genetic Management of Fragmented Animal and Plant Populations

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780198783398
eISBN:
9780191826313
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198783398.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Most species now have fragmented distributions, often with adverse genetic consequences. The genetic impacts of population fragmentation depend critically upon gene flow among fragments and their ... More


Population fragmentation causes inadequate gene flow and increases extinction risk

Richard Frankham, Jonathan D. Ballou, Katherine Ralls, Mark D. B. Eldridge, Michele R. Dudash, Charles B. Fenster, Robert C. Lacy, and Paul Sunnucks

in A Practical Guide for Genetic Management of Fragmented Animal and Plant Populations

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780198783411
eISBN:
9780191826337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198783411.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Most species now have fragmented distributions, often with adverse genetic consequences. The genetic impacts of population fragmentation depend critically upon gene flow among fragments and their ... More


Introduction

Richard Frankham, Jonathan D. Ballou, Katherine Ralls, Mark D. B. Eldridge, Michele R. Dudash, Charles B. Fenster, Robert C. Lacy, and Paul Sunnucks

in Genetic Management of Fragmented Animal and Plant Populations

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780198783398
eISBN:
9780191826313
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198783398.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Genetic management of fragmented populations is one of the major, largely unaddressed issues in biodiversity conservation. Many species across the planet have fragmented distributions with small ... More


Introduction

Richard Frankham, Jonathan D. Ballou, Katherine Ralls, Mark D. B. Eldridge, Michele R. Dudash, Charles B. Fenster, Robert C. Lacy, and Paul Sunnucks

in A Practical Guide for Genetic Management of Fragmented Animal and Plant Populations

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780198783411
eISBN:
9780191826337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198783411.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Genetic management of fragmented populations is one of the major, largely unaddressed issues in biodiversity conservation. Many species across the planet have fragmented distributions with small ... More


Loss of genetic diversity reduces ability to adapt

Richard Frankham, Jonathan D. Ballou, Katherine Ralls, Mark D. B. Eldridge, Michele R. Dudash, Charles B. Fenster, Robert C. Lacy, and Paul Sunnucks

in Genetic Management of Fragmented Animal and Plant Populations

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780198783398
eISBN:
9780191826313
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198783398.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Environmental change is a ubiquitous feature of the conditions faced by species, so they must either evolve, move to avoid threats, or perish. Species require genetic diversity to evolve to cope with ... More


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