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Holocene Extinctions

Samuel T. Turvey (ed.)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199535095
eISBN:
9780191715754
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199535095.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The extent to which human activity has influenced species extinctions during the recent prehistoric past remains controversial due to other factors such as climatic fluctuations and a general lack of ... More


Holocene mammal extinctions

Samuel T. Turvey

in Holocene Extinctions

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199535095
eISBN:
9780191715754
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199535095.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter presents last occurrence dates and associated data for 255 extinct mammal species that are currently known or suspected to have died out during the Holocene. This includes species known ... More


Holocene avian extinctions

Tommy Tyrberg

in Holocene Extinctions

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199535095
eISBN:
9780191715754
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199535095.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter presents last occurrence dates and associated data for 524 extinct bird species that are currently known or suspected to have died out during the Holocene. This includes species known to ... More


Systematics and Evolution of the Sthenurine Kangaroos

Gavin Prideaux

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520098459
eISBN:
9780520916050
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520098459.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This work represents an exhaustive review of one of the most important late Cenozoic radiations of Australian marsupials: the short-faced, or sthenurine kangaroos. Sthenurines originated in the ... More


Genetic Management of Fragmented Animal and Plant Populations

Richard Frankham, Jonathan D. Ballou, Katherine Ralls, Mark Eldridge, Michele R. Dudash, Charles B. Fenster, Robert C. Lacy, and Paul Sunnucks

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780198783398
eISBN:
9780191826313
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198783398.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

The biological diversity of the planet is being rapidly depleted due to the direct and indirect consequences of human activity. As the size of animal and plant populations decrease and fragmentation ... More


Setting the Stage

David J. Meltzer

in The Great Paleolithic War: How Science Forged an Understanding of America's Ice Age Past

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226293226
eISBN:
9780226293363
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226293363.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

By the early 1800s Georges Cuvier had proven animal extinction and Louis Agassiz a onetime Ice Age, putting in place key elements for telling past time. A new dimension of archaeology opened in ... More


Dangerous to the Cause of Science, 1915–1925

David J. Meltzer

in The Great Paleolithic War: How Science Forged an Understanding of America's Ice Age Past

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226293226
eISBN:
9780226293363
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226293363.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

By the teens of the 20th century the evidence for a deep human antiquity took yet another turn, with the discovery of human skeletal remains in apparent association with extinct Pleistocene fauna. If ... More


Bones and Teeth under the Microscope

Marcelo Sánchez

in Embryos in Deep Time: The Rock Record of Biological Development

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780520271937
eISBN:
9780520952300
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520271937.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The most important piece of equipment for most paleontologists, besides the hammer, is the microscope. The microscope enables the study of the tissue microstructure of fossils, in particular the ... More


Paleoindian Hunters and Extinct Animals

George C. Frison

in Survival by Hunting: Prehistoric Human Predators and Animal Prey

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520231900
eISBN:
9780520927964
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520231900.003.0003
Subject:
Anthropology, American and Canadian Cultural Anthropology

This chapter considers the possibility that human hunters and extinct animals coexisted in North America. It discusses questions concerning the taxonomy of the extinct animals, the time of human ... More


How to reconstruct evolutionary history

Richard Byrne

in The Thinking Ape: Evolutionary Origins of Intelligence

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198522652
eISBN:
9780191688676
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198522652.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter discusses how the evolutionary history of a living species can be worked out even if its fossil ancestors cannot be found with certainty. The method relies on a subject called ... More


Why Study the Bone Microstructure of Fossil Tetrapods?

Padian Kevin

in Bone Histology of Fossil Tetrapods: Advancing Methods, Analysis, and Interpretation

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780520273528
eISBN:
9780520955110
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520273528.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Paleontology: Biology

This chapter discusses the “four signals” of bone histology: ontogeny, phylogeny, mechanics, and environment. These “signals” help us to make sense of the kinds of variation seen in the bone tissues ... More


(Re)Introducing the Przewalski’s Horse

Nigel Rothfels

in The Ark and Beyond: The Evolution of Zoo and Aquarium Conservation

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780226538327
eISBN:
9780226538631
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226538631.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter critiques general claims about zoological gardens serving as “arks” for species that have become, or are endangered from becoming, extinct in the wild by examining the case of the ... More


West Indian Mammals: The Old, the New, and the Recently Extinct

Liliana M. Dávalos and Samuel T. Turvey (eds)

in Bones, Clones, and Biomes: The History and Geography of Recent Neotropical Mammals

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226649191
eISBN:
9780226649214
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226649214.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Natural History and Field Guides

The West Indian mammal fauna has played a key role in the development of biogeographic ideas for over a century, but a synthesis explaining regional patterns of mammal diversity and distribution in a ... More


The Rise of Quantitative Paleobiology

David Sepkoski

in Rereading the Fossil Record: The Growth of Paleobiology as an Evolutionary Discipline

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226748559
eISBN:
9780226748580
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226748580.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Paleontology: Biology

Paleobiology has developed over time and it is now increasingly tending towards a reliance on quantification. Quantification became closely associated with theoretical work on evolution. Quantitative ... More


From Bonebeds to Paleobiology: Applications of Bonebed Data

Donald B. Brinkman, David A. Eberth, and Philip J. Currie

in Bonebeds: Genesis, Analysis, and Paleobiological Significance

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226723709
eISBN:
9780226723730
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226723730.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Bonebeds are of interest to paleobiologists because they yield large numbers of fossils and, thus, provide important morphologic and taxonomic data sets that are the primary basis for integrative ... More


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