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 Ethics: Socratic, Stoic, Platonic

Peter Adamson

in Al-KindĪ

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195181425
eISBN:
9780199785087
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181425.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Al-Kindī’s extant ethical corpus is relatively small, but sufficient to show that his ethics is an application of his Neoplatonic ideas about metaphysics and psychology. He provides the first Arabic ... More


Stoicism: Virtue and Happiness

TERENCE IRWIN

in The Development of Ethics: Volume 1: From Socrates to the Reformation

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198242673
eISBN:
9780191680519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198242673.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Critics argue that Stoics assume happiness as the fulfilment of rational human nature; that is why they identify happiness with rational agency and ... More


Aristotle: An Unstable View

Julia Annas

in The Morality of Happiness

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195096521
eISBN:
9780199833061
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195096525.003.0019
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Aristotle, in making virtuous activity necessary but not sufficient for happiness, tries to do justice to the intuitive requirement that the content of happiness not be revised so as to shock our ... More


The Shared Life

Nancy Sherman

in The Fabric of Character: Aristotle's Theory of Virtue

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198239178
eISBN:
9780191598395
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198239173.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

In Aristotle's view, the good life is a life lived amongst friends, and in particular, amongst friends of virtue or good character. I contrast this emphasis on attachment and intimacy with the themes ... More


Explaining Wrongdoing

Mike W. Martin

in Meaningful Work: Rethinking Professional Ethics

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195133257
eISBN:
9780199848706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195133257.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Just as personal commitments shape the character of professionals, failures of personal commitment and character enter into understanding their wrongdoing. We can distinguish two types of ... More


Aristotle on Eudaimonia

A. W. Price

in Virtue and Reason in Plato and Aristotle

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199609611
eISBN:
9780191731846
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199609611.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Eudaimonia as the final goal of action is abstract, being equivalent to ‘acting well’. We should not view it as the totality of the goods that a life contains, which leads to ... More


The Worth of Human Dignity: Two Tensions in Stoic Cosmopolitanism

Martha C. Nussbaum

in Philosophy and Power in the Graeco-Roman World: Essays in Honour of Miriam Griffin

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198299905
eISBN:
9780191707803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198299905.003.0003
Subject:
Classical Studies, Prose and Writers: Classical, Early, and Medieval

Cynic/Stoic cosmopolitanism urges us to recognize the equal, and unconditional, worth of all human beings, a worth grounded in reason and moral capacity, rather than on traits that depend on ... More


Ancient Goods: The Tria Genera Bonorum in Ethical Theory

Brad Inwood

in Strategies of Argument: Essays in Ancient Ethics, Epistemology, and Logic

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199890477
eISBN:
9780199345472
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199890477.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter traces into the Hellenistic period the use of the ancient classification of goods into three kinds: goods of the body, goods of the mind, and ‘external’ goods, i.e., goods located ... More


Of Justice

Jonathan Harrison

in Hume's Theory of Justice

Published in print:
1980
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198246190
eISBN:
9780191680946
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198246190.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter discusses the following: (1) Some rules of justice would still be needed in a society in which external goods were in unlimited supply. (2) And in one in which they were extremely ... More


Economic Goods, Common Goods, and the Good Life

May Sim

in Value and Values: Economics and Justice in an Age of Global Interdependence

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824839673
eISBN:
9780824868604
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824839673.003.0026
Subject:
Society and Culture, Asian Studies

This chapter examines how economic goods (food, shelter, etc.) and the common goods (justice, moderation, courage, wisdom, etc.) contribute to the good life. Drawing on the wisdom of Aristotle and ... More


Perennial Problems

John Kekes

in Wisdom: A Humanistic Conception

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780197514047
eISBN:
9780197514078
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197514047.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Three perennial problems are discussed: external goods, internal conflicts, and evaluative contingencies. These problems are recurrent and ineliminable conditions of human life. External goods are ... More


Death and the Prince: Memorial Preaching Before 1350

D. L. d'Avray

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198203964
eISBN:
9780191676055
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198203964.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Medieval History, History of Religion

This book is a study of medieval de mortuis sermons in memory of kings and princes. It examines medieval kingship and attitudes to death, and identifies a period in which this-worldly and ... More


Happy Villains and Stoic Sages, External Goods and the Primacy of Virtue

Neera K. Badhwar

in Well-Being: Happiness in a Worthwhile Life

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780195323276
eISBN:
9780199382996
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195323276.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

This chapter responds to four objections to the conception of eudaimonia as happiness in a life that is virtuous and supplied with sufficient external goods, both as material for virtuous activity ... More


Aristippus of Cyrene

Voula Tsouna

in Early Greek Ethics

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780198758679
eISBN:
9780191818592
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198758679.003.0018
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

“Aristippus of Cyrene” re-evaluates the evidence concerning, on the one hand, Aristippus’ alleged hedonism and, on the other, his affiliation with Socrates and the Socratic circle. The central thesis ... More


A MacIntyrean Approach to Organizations and Organizational Ethics

Geoff Moore

in Virtue at Work: Ethics for Individuals, Managers, and Organizations

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780198793441
eISBN:
9780191835261
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198793441.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies

This chapter explores the central concepts of MacIntyrean virtue ethics, and how we might apply these to organizations and, by implication, to management in organizations. It begins with a discussion ... More


Two Ideals of Human Enhancement

Nicholas Agar

in Truly Human Enhancement: A Philosophical Defense of Limits

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262026635
eISBN:
9780262318976
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262026635.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

This chapter presents two ideals that compete to direct the enhancement of human beings. According to the objective ideal, an enhancement has prudential value commensurate with the degree to which it ... More


On Happiness and Time

Eyjólfur Kjalar Emilsson

in The Quest for the Good Life: Ancient Philosophers on Happiness

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780198746980
eISBN:
9780191809163
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198746980.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter considers the different views of Herodotus (Solon) and Aristotle, on the one hand, and post-Aristotelian thinkers such as the Epicureans, the Stoics, and Plotinus, on the other, on ... More


Three Ethical Dimensions of the Financial Crisis

Antonio Argandona

in The Global Financial Crisis and Its Aftermath: Hidden Factors in the Meltdown

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780199386222
eISBN:
9780199386253
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199386222.003.0019
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter employs the virtue-practice-institution schema of modern virtue ethics theory to analyze the moral implications of financial crises. Within this schema firms produce two goods: external ... More


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