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Concluding Remarks

PETER SIMONS

in Parts: A Study in Ontology

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199241460
eISBN:
9780191696930
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241460.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This book has shown that mereology was dominated by a single theory: classical extensional mereology (CEM), present in two logical guises — the Calculus of Individuals and Mereology — each in a ... More


Other Paradoxes

Hartry Field

in Saving Truth From Paradox

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199230747
eISBN:
9780191710933
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230747.003.0021
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

The chapter discusses several paradoxes of denotation, and returns to paradoxes about properties, relations, and propositions. It also considers whether the notion of validity is bivalent, and ... More


Facts Revisited

Stephen Neale

in Facing Facts

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199247158
eISBN:
9780191598081
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199247153.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

With the Descriptive Constraint discussed in Ch. 9 at hand, Ch. 11 examines diverse theories of facts with a view to establishing how viable they are, and then turns to claims about the semantics of ... More


Causation, Rights-Violations, and Wrongdoing

Michael Moore

in Placing Blame: A Theory of the Criminal Law

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199599493
eISBN:
9780191594649
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599493.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

If causing matters to degrees of blameworthiness, as was argued in chapter 5 that it does, then some idea of what causation is needs to be developed. This chapter is preliminary to a later book, ... More


Frege and the Hierarchy (1979)

TYLER BURGE

in Truth, Thought, Reason: Essays on Frege

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199278534
eISBN:
9780191706943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278534.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter discusses two methods of formally representing Frege's theory that the denotations of expressions shift in oblique contexts within indirect discourse and propositional-attitude reports. ... More


The Prima Facie Demands of the Law on the Concept of Causation

Michael S. Moore

in Causation and Responsibility: An Essay in Law, Morals, and Metaphysics

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199256860
eISBN:
9780191719653
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199256860.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter takes the law pretty much at face value in describing the presuppositions about causation made by that law. It examines the cause/correlation distinction, the cause/condition ... More


The Extensionality and Determination Problems

Ernie Lepore and Kirk Ludwig

in Donald Davidson: Meaning, Truth, Language, and Reality

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199251346
eISBN:
9780191602634
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251347.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Discusses the extensionality and determination problems for truth-theoretic semantics. The extensionality problem is how to impose a constraint on a truth theory that guarantees that it meets ... More


Extensionality

Stephen Neale

in Facing Facts

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199247158
eISBN:
9780191598081
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199247153.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Chs. 6 and 7 set out and clean the formal tools that are needed in the remaining chapters to prove that Donald Davidson's and Richard Rorty's cases against facts and the representation of facts are ... More


Object and Truth: A Realist Manifesto

Stewart Shapiro

in Philosophy of Mathematics: Structure and Ontology

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195139303
eISBN:
9780199833658
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195139305.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Several varieties of realism are distinguished. Working realism is a methodological thesis that sanctions the inferences and principles suggested by traditional realism: excluded middle, the axiom of ... More


Modalities and Intensional Languages

Ruth Barcan Marcus

in Modalities: Philosophical Essays

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195096576
eISBN:
9780199833412
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195096576.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

In this paper, quantified modal logic is defended against criticisms concerning identity and substitution, the interpretation of the existential quantifier, and the commitment to essentialism. The ... More


Extensionality—Two Kinds of Cause

J. L. Mackie

in The Cement of the Universe: A Study of Causation

Published in print:
1980
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198246428
eISBN:
9780191597954
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198246420.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Mackie here considers the nature of the entities that are thought to stand in causal relations. The discussion focuses on the notion of the extensionality of these terms. Mackie distinguishes two ... More


Causal Relations

Donald Davidson

in Essays on Actions and Events

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246274
eISBN:
9780191715198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246270.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This essay applies the methodology of Essay 6 to singular causal statements. Rejecting rival accounts that use sentences to identify causes and effects, and an intensional connective like ‘caused it ... More


The Attention and Perception (2): Assembling the Concept

Brian O'Shaughnessy

in Consciousness and the World

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199256723
eISBN:
9780191598135
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199256721.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The definition of perception is defended by piecemeal assembling of the concept of perception. We begin with the assumption that some event is an intentionally directed experience; add that it is of ... More


How Universes Expand

J. P. Studd

in Everything, more or less: A defence of generality relativism

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780198719649
eISBN:
9780191788734
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198719649.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Advocates of an expansionist version of relativism face an important explanatory challenge: how might we cause the universe of discourse to expand? To make progress with this question, it’s helpful ... More


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