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Summary and Conclusion

Robert D. Rupert

in Cognitive Systems and the Extended Mind

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195379457
eISBN:
9780199869114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195379457.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter summarizes the book's arguments against the extended view, as well as the primary conciliatory contentions advanced with regard to the embedded and embodied views. The chapter closes ... More


Principles of Demarcation

Robert D. Rupert

in Cognitive Systems and the Extended Mind

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195379457
eISBN:
9780199869114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195379457.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

In this chapter, it is assumed that, in order for the debate over extended cognition (and mind) to have substance, there must be a genuine distinction between what is cognitive and what is not. This ... More


Realization and Extended Cognition

Robert D. Rupert

in Cognitive Systems and the Extended Mind

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195379457
eISBN:
9780199869114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195379457.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter addresses a realization-based interpretation of the extended approach. On this view, cognitive states are states of an organismically bounded cognitive system, yet may still have ... More


Introduction: The Mind, the Computer, and the Alternatives

Robert D. Rupert

in Cognitive Systems and the Extended Mind

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195379457
eISBN:
9780199869114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195379457.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter briefly describes the history leading up to the situated revolution. It then introduces and motivates the three varieties of situated view to be discussed: (a) the extended view, which ... More


Cognitive Systems and Demarcation

Robert D. Rupert

in Cognitive Systems and the Extended Mind

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195379457
eISBN:
9780199869114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195379457.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter proposes a systems-based principle of demarcation. A state is cognitive if and only if it is the state of a mechanism that is a component of an integrated cognitive system. Informal and ... More


The Experience of Extension and the Extension of Experience

Robert D. Rupert

in Cognitive Systems and the Extended Mind

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195379457
eISBN:
9780199869114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195379457.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter explores two routes from phenomenology to extended cognition. One appeals directly to the contents of conscious experience, for example, the subject's sense of having an extended body ... More


Distributed Cognition and the Humanities

Miranda Anderson, Michael Wheeler, and Mark Sprevak

in Distributed Cognition in Enlightenment and Romantic Culture

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781474442282
eISBN:
9781474476904
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474442282.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

The general introduction, which is replicated across all four volumes, aims to orientate readers unfamiliar with this area of research. It provides an overview of the different approaches within the ... More


Cognitive Systems and the Extended Mind

Robert D. Rupert

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195379457
eISBN:
9780199869114
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195379457.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This book surveys philosophical issues raised by the situated movement in cognitive science—the treatment of cognitive phenomena as the joint product of brain, body, and environment. The book focuses ... More


Introduction

Miranda Anderson, George Rousseau, and Michael Wheeler (eds)

in Distributed Cognition in Enlightenment and Romantic Culture

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781474442282
eISBN:
9781474476904
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474442282.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

The purpose of this chapter is to provide a background to current research in Enlightenment and Romantic studies on topics related to distributed cognition. The first section of this introductory ... More


Distributed Cognition in Enlightenment and Romantic Culture

Miranda Anderson, George Rousseau, and Michael Wheeler (eds)

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781474442282
eISBN:
9781474476904
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474442282.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This collection brings together eleven essays by international specialists in Romantic and Enlightenment culture and provides a general and a period-specific introduction to distributed cognition and ... More


Extended Representational Decision Making—A Synthesis

Armin W. Schulz

in Efficient Cognition: The Evolution of Representational Decision Making

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780262037600
eISBN:
9780262345262
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262037600.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Defenders of the extendedness of cognition often contrast their view with a representationalist view of cognition. They argue that (a) extended cognition and representational cognition are opposed to ... More


In Defense of Extended Functionalism

Michael Wheeler

in The Extended Mind

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014038
eISBN:
9780262266024
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014038.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter aims to clarify the relationship between the extended cognition hypothesis (ExC) and functionalism, and to defend extended functionalism against three of its strongest criticisms. ExC ... More


Extending Epistemic Virtue: Extended Cognition meets Virtue-Responsibilism

Heather Battaly

in Extended Epistemology

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780198769811
eISBN:
9780191822643
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198769811.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

What would happen if extended cognition (EC) and virtue-responsibilism (VR) were to meet? Are they compatible, or incompatible? Do they have projects in common? Would they, as it were, end their ... More


Extended Epistemology: An Introduction

J. Adam Carter, Andy Clark, Jesper Kallestrup, S. Orestis Palermos, and Duncan Pritchard

in Extended Epistemology

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780198769811
eISBN:
9780191822643
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198769811.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

First, a theoretical background to the volume’s topic, extended epistemology, is provided by a brief outline of its cross-disciplinary theoretical lineage and some key themes. In particular, it is ... More


How far can Extended Knowledge be Extended?: The Asymmetry between Research Teams and Artifacts

K. Brad Wray

in Socially Extended Epistemology

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780198801764
eISBN:
9780191840357
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198801764.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Duncan Pritchard (2010) has developed a theory of extended knowledge based on the notion of extended cognition initially developed by Clark and Chalmers (1998). Pritchard’s account gives a central ... More


Emerging Digital Technologies: Implications for Extended Conceptions of Cognition and Knowledge

Paul Smart

in Extended Epistemology

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780198769811
eISBN:
9780191822643
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198769811.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter explores the cognitive and epistemic implications of emerging digital technologies from the standpoint of two philosophical positions: active externalism and virtue reliabilism. Emerging ... More


Knowledge, Credit, and the Extended Mind, or what Calvisius Sabinus got Right

Michael Wheeler

in Extended Epistemology

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780198769811
eISBN:
9780191822643
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198769811.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

According to one prominent view in contemporary epistemology, the correct application of one’s cognitive abilities in believing truly is necessary and sufficient for a kind of credit that is, in ... More


Cognitive Scaffolding, Aids to Reflection

John Savarese

in Distributed Cognition in Enlightenment and Romantic Culture

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781474442282
eISBN:
9781474476904
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474442282.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter examines how Samuel Taylor Coleridge pictured thinking as a distributed process, using as a case study his devotional handbook Aids to Reflection (1825). Coleridge explicitly framed Aids ... More


Extended Circularity: A New Puzzle for Extended Cognition

J. Adam Carter and Jesper Kallestrup

in Extended Epistemology

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780198769811
eISBN:
9780191822643
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198769811.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

Mainstream epistemology has typically presumed a traditional picture of the metaphysics of mind, whereby cognitive processes (e.g., memory storage and retrieval) play out within the bounds of skull ... More


Extended Cognition, Trust and Glue, and Knowledge

Kenneth Aizawa

in Extended Epistemology

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780198769811
eISBN:
9780191822643
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198769811.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter has two goals: one clarificatory and the other cautionary. The first clarificatory point is to draw attention to the way in which Clark’s conditions of trust and glue have figured into ... More


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