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Hippocampal Function in Humans: Insights From Amnesia and Functional Brain Imaging

Howard Eichenbaum and Neal J. Cohen

in From Conditioning to Conscious Recollection: Memory systems of the brain

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195178043
eISBN:
9780199871223
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178043.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reviews cases of amnesia and evidence from functional brain imaging to provide insights about the nature of memory supported by the hippocampal memory system. The case of the famous ... More


Stress Effects on the Brain System Underlying Explicit Memory

Leslie J. Carver and Annette Cluver

in Emotion in Memory and Development: Biological, Cognitive, and Social Considerations

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195326932
eISBN:
9780199870318
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326932.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter reviews the literature on the development of event memory and the brain system that underlies it. It describes what is known about the explicit memory system and its development, as well ... More


Attention and long-term memory

Nelson Cowan

in Attention and Memory: An Integrated Framework

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195119107
eISBN:
9780199870097
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195119107.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter focuses on the importance of attention for long-term memory encoding and retrieval. Some attention is probably needed to perceive items adequately. Beyond that, one can distinguish ... More


Conceptual Implicit Memory and the Item-Specific–Relational Distinction

Neil W. Mulligan

in Distinctiveness and Memory

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195169669
eISBN:
9780199847563
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195169669.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Research on distinctiveness and memory has largely focused on explicit, or recollective, aspects of memory. However, memory also affects behavior in ways unaccompanied by conscious recollection. This ... More


Explicit and Implicit Memories

Sharon B. Berlin

in Clinical Social Work Practice: A Cognitive-Integrative Perspective

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195110371
eISBN:
9780199865680
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195110371.003.0003
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

This chapter continues the theoretical discussion by focusing on the role of explicit and implicit (or conscious and nonconscious) memory in creating meaning. It reviews explanations of how the mind ... More


The Distinctiveness Effect in Explicit and Implicit Memory

Lisa Geraci and Suparna Rajaram

in Distinctiveness and Memory

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195169669
eISBN:
9780199847563
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195169669.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Much research supports the intuitive belief that people have very good memory for unusual or distinct information. This phenomenon is known as the distinctiveness effect. The majority of this ... More


The Role of Narrative in Recollection: A View from Cognitive Psychology and Neuropsychology

David C. Rubin and Daniel L. Creenberg

in Narrative and Consciousness: Literature, Psychology and the Brain

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195140057
eISBN:
9780199847402
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195140057.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Narratives play no small part when people attempt to recollect certain events, experiences, and memories regarding their past, since such would enable them to give their own accounts regarding any ... More


Familiarity in an Implicit and Explicit Memory Task: A Common Mechanism

Sachiko Kinoshita

in Rethinking Implicit Memory

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192632326
eISBN:
9780191670466
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192632326.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter examines the nature of familiarity that has been proposed as a basis for making decisions in an explicit memory task (recognition memory) and an implicit memory task (lexical decision). ... More


The origin of explicit memory in hominins

Elisabeth A. Murray, Steven P. Wise, and Kim S. Graham

in The Evolution of Memory Systems

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780199686438
eISBN:
9780191766312
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199686438.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

The prevailing view of memory systems implies that rodents, monkeys, and humans have a homologous neural system for explicit memory. If so, it must have developed early in mammalian evolution, at the ... More


Implicit Impressions

James S. Uleman, Steven L. Blader, and Alexander Todorov

in The New Unconscious

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195307696
eISBN:
9780199847488
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195307696.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Implicit impressions are preverbal, non-episodic residues in memory of our observations of, interactions with, and inferences about others. Distinguishing implicit from explicit impressions can be ... More


Distinctiveness and Memory: A Comparison of the Social and Cognitive Literatures

Susan Coats and Eliot R. Smith

in Distinctiveness and Memory

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195169669
eISBN:
9780199847563
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195169669.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter is concerned with the effects of distinctiveness on explicit memory in social psychology. It draws comparisons between the social and cognitive literatures on the topic of ... More


Deconstructing Human Memory: Insights from Amnesia

Mieke Verfaellie and Margaret M. Keane

in The Roots of Cognitive Neuroscience: Behavioral Neurology and Neuropsychology

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780195395549
eISBN:
9780199369201
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395549.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Neuropsychology

Dissociations in the performance of patients with amnesia have contributed to the identification of distinct forms of memory, such as those between implicit and explicit memory and between semantic ... More


The Evolution of Learning and Memory Systems

Frederick L. Coolidge

in Evolutionary Neuropsychology: An Introduction to the Evolution of the Structures and Functions of the Human Brain

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780190940942
eISBN:
9780190940973
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190940942.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Neuropsychology

This chapter covers many hypotheses: 1. Modern human memory systems are based on non-associative (habituation and sensitization) and associative (classical and operant conditioning) learning ... More


The Evolution of Memory Systems

Elisabeth A. Murray, Steven P. Wise, and Kim S. Graham

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780199686438
eISBN:
9780191766312
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199686438.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

Clinical observations and animal experiments have shaped the prevailing view of human memory. This doctrine holds that the “medial temporal lobe” subserves one memory system for explicit or ... More


The history of memory systems

Elisabeth A. Murray, Steven P. Wise, and Kim S. Graham

in The Evolution of Memory Systems

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780199686438
eISBN:
9780191766312
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199686438.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

The prevailing view of human memory emphasizes two memory systems: one assigned to four cortical areas in a conceptual construct called the “medial temporal lobe”; the other ascribed to the basal ... More


Some Thoughts on the Interaction between Perception and Reflection

Julie A. Higgins and Marcia K. Johnson

in From Perception to Consciousness: Searching with Anne Treisman

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199734337
eISBN:
9780190255855
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199734337.003.0034
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

This chapter comments on Anne Treisman's 1990 paper Implicit and explicit memory for visual patterns, published in the Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory and Cognition and written ... More


Emotional memory

Mana R Ehlers and Rebecca M Todd

in Genes, brain, and emotions: Interdisciplinary and Translational Perspectives

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780198793014
eISBN:
9780191834745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198793014.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter presents an overview of current conceptualizations of the emotional enhancement of explicit and implicit memory. It postulates that these processes depend largely on arousal-mediated ... More


A drive down memory lane

Elisabeth A. Murray, Steven P. Wise, Mary K. L. Baldwin, and Kim S. Graham

in The Evolutionary Road to Human Memory

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780198828051
eISBN:
9780191866708
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198828051.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

In this chapter, a man with amnesia sparks a new era in memory research; monkeys play a matching game; and a 19th-century politician explains how he seemed so clever. But mainly we consider the ... More


The story of your life: Memories all your own

Elisabeth A. Murray, Steven P. Wise, Mary K. L. Baldwin, and Kim S. Graham

in The Evolutionary Road to Human Memory

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780198828051
eISBN:
9780191866708
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198828051.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

In this chapter, a wizard reads Dorothy’s mind; a hurricane lashes the Florida coast; and Gatsby remembers his long-lost love. But mainly we discuss what makes memories our own. During human ... More


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