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Expert Testimony

William Douglas Woody and Krista D. Forrest

in Understanding Police Interrogation: Confessions and Consequences

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9781479860371
eISBN:
9781479828128
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479860371.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

The authors start this chapter with an interview with Dr. Charles Honts, who has served as an expert witness over one hundred times, as a polygraph examiner and about false and coerced confessions. ... More


The Expert Witness in Islamic Courts: Medicine and Crafts in the Service of Law

Ron Shaham

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226749334
eISBN:
9780226749358
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226749358.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Comparative Law

Islam's tense relationship with modernity is one of the most crucial issues of our time. Within Islamic legal systems, with their traditional preference for eyewitness testimony, this struggle has ... More


Between a Witness, a Reporter, and a Judge: The Probative Status of the Expert

in The Expert Witness in Islamic Courts: Medicine and Crafts in the Service of Law

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226749334
eISBN:
9780226749358
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226749358.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Comparative Law

Because of its casuistic nature, Islamic fiqh does not have a general theory of evidence in general and of expert witnessing in particular. However, there are discussions on the rules of expert ... More


Forensic Credibility at the “Nanny Trial”

Stefan Timmermans

in Postmortem: How Medical Examiners Explain Suspicious Deaths

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226803982
eISBN:
9780226804002
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226804002.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

This chapter discusses the issue of forensic credibility in medical examiners' roles as expert witnesses in court cases. It explains that medical examiners are usually asked to defend their autopsy ... More


Ten Things the Law and Others Should Know about Human Memory

Martin A. Conway

in Memory and Law

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199920754
eISBN:
9780199950133
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199920754.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Forensic Psychology

This chapter describes my experiences a memory expert witness and how these led to a major report by the British Psychological Society on memory and the law. The aim of this report was to provide a ... More


The Right Hand of Qadis: Male Experts in Judicial Practice

in The Expert Witness in Islamic Courts: Medicine and Crafts in the Service of Law

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226749334
eISBN:
9780226749358
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226749358.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Comparative Law

This article focuses on two specific groups of male experts for whom the richness of information is larger than for other expert witnesses: experts in the human body (and also on animal anatomy), ... More


Introduction

in The Expert Witness in Islamic Courts: Medicine and Crafts in the Service of Law

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226749334
eISBN:
9780226749358
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226749358.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Comparative Law

Evidence is central to any legal system because it is the primary means for maintaining justice and promoting honesty within society. Courts rely on rules of evidence to determine the facts behind a ... More


The Combatants

Phil Hadfield

in Bar Wars: Contesting the Night in Contemporary British Cities

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199297856
eISBN:
9780191700866
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297856.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter introduces the third and final section of the book, entitled ‘Contemporary Contestations’. The concern here is to provide an account of licensing litigation which explains how we have ... More


Jurors Overvalue Expert Testimony

Brian H. Bornstein and Edie Greene

in The Jury Under Fire: Myth, Controversy, and Reform

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2017
ISBN:
9780190201340
eISBN:
9780190201357
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190201340.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

Trials are becoming increasingly complex. Much of this complexity is due to scientific or other technical evidence presented by expert witnesses, which is often hard for jurors to understand. By ... More


Experts and Woolf: Have Things Got Better?

Robin Jacob

in The Civil Procedure Rules Ten Years On

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199576883
eISBN:
9780191702228
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199576883.003.0015
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

Expert evidence forms a key part of the resolution of many legal disputes, both civil and criminal. This chapter examines possible reasons for why the quality of expert evidence has improved since ... More


Scientists Are Human: Implicit Cognition and Researcher Conflict of Interest

Anthony G. Greenwald

in Psychology of Science: Implicit and Explicit Processes

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199753628
eISBN:
9780199950027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199753628.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Social Psychology

Scientists have conflicts of interest that, operating outside of awareness, cause them to inappropriately favor their preferred theories and disfavor competitors' theories. These conflicts of ... More


The Controversy over Psychological Evidence in Family Law Cases

Nicholas Bala and Katherine Duvall Antonacopoulos

in Law and Psychology: Current Legal Issues Volume 9

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199211395
eISBN:
9780191695803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211395.003.0014
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter considers the assessment process and involvement of mental health professionals in the resolution of disputes about the care of children, both private cases between separated parents (or ... More


Epidemiology and the Law

Richard A. Goodman, Sana Loue, and Frederic E. Shaw

in Applied Epidemiology: Theory to practice

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195187410
eISBN:
9780199864997
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195187410.003.0010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter provides a concise overview of the U.S. legal system, methods, and procedures as they might relate to the interests and duties of epidemiologic practitioners, whether they are based in ... More


Agents of Patriarchy in the Secluded World of Women: Females as Expert Witnesses

in The Expert Witness in Islamic Courts: Medicine and Crafts in the Service of Law

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226749334
eISBN:
9780226749358
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226749358.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Comparative Law

In Islam, the morality code obliges females to be segregated from unrelated males. The preference is for one female to treat another, especially if the malady or the wound is located in the intimate ... More


Conclusion Islamic Expert Witnessing in Comparative Perspective

in The Expert Witness in Islamic Courts: Medicine and Crafts in the Service of Law

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226749334
eISBN:
9780226749358
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226749358.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Comparative Law

A reliable determination of the facts is a major concern in all legal systems, including Islamic law. A judge, in trying to establish the facts of a case, may call in expert witnesses, who are valued ... More


The Case Study: Summary, Reflections, and Ethics

David E. Gussak

in Art on Trial: Art Therapy in Capital Murder Cases

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231162517
eISBN:
9780231534277
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231162517.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

This chapter summarizes and evaluates the case of Kevin Ward. One of the most important elements of Ward's case was that Gussak arrived at the same diagnostic conclusion as the other expert ... More


Summing Up

Peter Coles

in From Cosmos to Chaos: The Science of Unpredictability

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198567622
eISBN:
9780191718250
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567622.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

After discussing such esoteric subjects as chaos theory, quantum mechanics, and the anthropic principle, this final chapter focuses on some broader aspects of the role of probability in everyday ... More


Revealing the Secrets of the Body: Litigants, Courts, and Modern Medicine in Egypt

in The Expert Witness in Islamic Courts: Medicine and Crafts in the Service of Law

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226749334
eISBN:
9780226749358
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226749358.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Comparative Law

This article focuses on the incorporation, through expert witnessing, of evidentiary findings based on modern medicine into family (and civil) law litigation in Egypt. It considers litigants' ... More


Art Therapists as Expert Witnesses: Three More Capital Cases

David E. Gussak

in Art on Trial: Art Therapy in Capital Murder Cases

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231162517
eISBN:
9780231534277
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231162517.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

This chapter presents three more capital cases where art therapists contributed to the defense or appeals as expert witnesses, exemplifying the various roles that art therapists can play in the ... More


Deconstructing Probability in The Case R. V. Deen

in Truth Machine: The Contentious History of DNA Fingerprinting

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226498065
eISBN:
9780226498089
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226498089.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter, which examines the interrogations of expert witnesses and the techniques for building up and attacking credibility, focusing on the Regina v. Deen, explains that this case was the first ... More


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