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Expert Testimony on the Psychology of Eyewitness Identification

Brian L. Cutler (ed.)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195331974
eISBN:
9780199868193
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331974.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

This book provides a contemporary review of empirical and legal issues surrounding expert psychological testimony on eyewitness identification. The chapters address a variety of topics, including the ... More


Afterword

Brian L. Cutler

in Expert Testimony on the Psychology of Eyewitness Identification

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195331974
eISBN:
9780199868193
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331974.003.012
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

The Afterword summarizes the book's main aims and usefulness. This book has reviewed a substantial number of factors associated with expert psychological testimony on eyewitness identification. It ... More


The Influence of Eyewitness Expert Testimony on Jurors’ Beliefs and Judgments

Michael R. Leippe and Donna Eisenstadt

in Expert Testimony on the Psychology of Eyewitness Identification

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195331974
eISBN:
9780199868193
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331974.003.008
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

This chapter examines the influence of eyewitness expert testimony on jurors' beliefs and judgments in trials that include eyewitnesses. Most surveys indicate that prospective jurors overly believe ... More


Expert Psychology Testimony on Eyewitness Identification: Consensus Among Experts?

Harmon M. Hosch, Kevin W. Jolly, Larissa A. Schmersal, and Brooke A. Smith

in Expert Testimony on the Psychology of Eyewitness Identification

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195331974
eISBN:
9780199868193
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331974.003.007
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

A criterion a judge uses to decide whether to admit expert psychology testimony in a court of law will be whether there is a consensus among experts as to the facts of the testimony the expert will ... More


Limitations of Expert Psychology Testimony on Eyewitness Identification

Heather D. Flowe, Kristin M. Finklea, and Ebbe B. Ebbesen

in Expert Testimony on the Psychology of Eyewitness Identification

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195331974
eISBN:
9780199868193
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331974.003.009
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

This chapter examines the limitations of psychological testimony on eyewitness identification. In generalizing from laboratory research to actual cases, consideration must be given to several issues, ... More


Experts and the Law

C. A. J. Coady

in Testimony: A Philosophical Study

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198235514
eISBN:
9780191597220
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198235518.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The role of expert evidence in the law has been much debated in the legal literature though less so in philosophy. This chapter attempts to bring the insights of the earlier chapters of this book to ... More


The Application of International Human Rights Law to Mental Disability Law: Specific Contexts

Michael L. Perlin

in International Human Rights and Mental Disability Law: When the Silenced are Heard

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195393231
eISBN:
9780199914548
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393231.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

This chapter examines four separate substantive issues, leading to a consideration of the intersection between international human rights law and mental disability law through varying perspectives: ... More


The Expert Witness in Islamic Courts: Medicine and Crafts in the Service of Law

Ron Shaham

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226749334
eISBN:
9780226749358
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226749358.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Comparative Law

Islam's tense relationship with modernity is one of the most crucial issues of our time. Within Islamic legal systems, with their traditional preference for eyewitness testimony, this struggle has ... More


Continuity and Reform: The Egyptian Expert System in a Comparative Perspective

in The Expert Witness in Islamic Courts: Medicine and Crafts in the Service of Law

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226749334
eISBN:
9780226749358
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226749358.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Comparative Law

In the last quarter of the nineteenth century, Egypt began to reform its traditional legal system along the line of the civil law model, especially the French one. With this legal reform, Egypt ... More


Jurors Overvalue Expert Testimony

Brian H. Bornstein and Edie Greene

in The Jury Under Fire: Myth, Controversy, and Reform

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2017
ISBN:
9780190201340
eISBN:
9780190201357
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190201340.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

Trials are becoming increasingly complex. Much of this complexity is due to scientific or other technical evidence presented by expert witnesses, which is often hard for jurors to understand. By ... More


Reform

Deborah Tuerkheimer

in Flawed Convictions: "Shaken Baby Syndrome" and the Inertia of Injustice

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199913633
eISBN:
9780199361830
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199913633.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology, Medical Law

Widespread problems of criminal justice manifest themselves in the SBS realm. This chapter concentrates on a subset of problems with particular salience for SBS prosecutions and, more broadly, for ... More


The Right Hand of Qadis: Male Experts in Judicial Practice

in The Expert Witness in Islamic Courts: Medicine and Crafts in the Service of Law

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226749334
eISBN:
9780226749358
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226749358.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Comparative Law

This article focuses on two specific groups of male experts for whom the richness of information is larger than for other expert witnesses: experts in the human body (and also on animal anatomy), ... More


Missed Diagnosis

Deborah Tuerkheimer

in Flawed Convictions: "Shaken Baby Syndrome" and the Inertia of Injustice

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199913633
eISBN:
9780199361830
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199913633.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology, Medical Law

Like everyone else, physicians take shortcuts when processing complex information. Unfortunately, mistakes in diagnosis often result. This chapter applies what we know about cognitive errors to ... More


Educating Judges and Juries about Masculinities

Ann C. McGinley

in Masculinity at Work: Employment Discrimination through a Different Lens

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780814796139
eISBN:
9780814764329
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814796139.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Employment Law

Based on the social science research on implicit bias, this chapter argues that leaving judges and juries to resort to their common sense in determining the causes for human behavior in employment ... More


Agents of Patriarchy in the Secluded World of Women: Females as Expert Witnesses

in The Expert Witness in Islamic Courts: Medicine and Crafts in the Service of Law

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226749334
eISBN:
9780226749358
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226749358.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Comparative Law

In Islam, the morality code obliges females to be segregated from unrelated males. The preference is for one female to treat another, especially if the malady or the wound is located in the intimate ... More


Managing Uncertainty in Forensic and Expert Evidence Cases

Carolyn Hoyle and Mai Sato

in Reasons to Doubt: Wrongful Convictions and the Criminal Cases Review Commission

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780198794578
eISBN:
9780191836022
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198794578.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter examines issues arising from cases that turn on forensic and expert evidence, focusing on how the Criminal Cases Review Commission investigates such applications and makes its decisions. ... More


Evidence and the Criminal Terrorist Prosecution

Wadie E. Said

in Crimes of Terror: The Legal and Political Implications of Federal Terrorism Prosecutions

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199969494
eISBN:
9780190234171
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199969494.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter considers the evidence used to prove terrorism charges, with an initial look at evidence-gathering techniques, whether via eavesdropping under the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act ... More


Neuroscience and the Law

Brigitte Vallabhajosula

in Murder in the Courtroom: The Cognitive Neuroscience of Violence

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780199995721
eISBN:
9780190221584
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199995721.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

The number of defendants seeking to admit evidence of brain dysfunction or mental illness, especially in the form of neuroimaging scans, to support a plea of, for example, NGRI, GBMI, or diminished ... More


Admissibility, Controversy, and Judicial Metascience

in Truth Machine: The Contentious History of DNA Fingerprinting

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226498065
eISBN:
9780226498089
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226498089.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter summarizes key U.S. federal legal decisions about the admissibility of expert evidence. It analyzes the Supreme Court cases Daubert v. Merrell Dow Pharmaceuticals, Kumho Tire v. ... More


Conclusion Islamic Expert Witnessing in Comparative Perspective

in The Expert Witness in Islamic Courts: Medicine and Crafts in the Service of Law

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226749334
eISBN:
9780226749358
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226749358.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Comparative Law

A reliable determination of the facts is a major concern in all legal systems, including Islamic law. A judge, in trying to establish the facts of a case, may call in expert witnesses, who are valued ... More


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