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Applying IT to Capture, Store, and Share Intellectual Capital

David W. DeLong

in Lost Knowledge: Confronting the Threat of an Aging Workforce

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195170979
eISBN:
9780199789719
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195170979.003.0008
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management

This chapter describes a range of information technology (IT) applications that can be used to enhance knowledge capture, storage, and knowledge sharing. Although definitely a solution that must be ... More


Hal, R2D2, and Number 5: Artificial intelligence

Iwo Białynicki-Birula and Iwona Białynicka-Birula

in Modeling Reality: How Computers Mirror Life

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198531005
eISBN:
9780191713033
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198531005.003.0016
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Artificial intelligence is a model of the mental capabilities of human beings. The main aim of artificial intelligence — to build intelligent entities — is still far from being achieved. Artificial ... More


Experts and Woolf: Have Things Got Better?

Robin Jacob

in The Civil Procedure Rules Ten Years On

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199576883
eISBN:
9780191702228
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199576883.003.0015
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

Expert evidence forms a key part of the resolution of many legal disputes, both civil and criminal. This chapter examines possible reasons for why the quality of expert evidence has improved since ... More


Effective decisions and their verbal justification

D. E. Broadbent F.R.S.

in Human Factors in Hazardous Situations: Proceedings of a Royal Society Discussion Meeting held on 28 and 29 June 1989

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198521914
eISBN:
9780191688454
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521914.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Human-Technology Interaction

Recent experimental work on the human control of complex systems has drawn attention to the discrepancy that may exist between the person's reported knowledge of the system and their ability to ... More


From Socrates to Expert Systems: The Limits of Calculative Rationality (1985)

Hubert L. Dreyfus and Stuart E. Dreyfus

in Skillful Coping: Essays on the phenomenology of everyday perception and action

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780199654703
eISBN:
9780191784224
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199654703.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, History of Philosophy

This chapter examines the general epistemological assumptions of artificial intelligence technology and recent work in the development of expert systems. These systems are limited because of a ... More


Instruction Modeling: Replicating the Practices of Expert Teachers

George A. Khachatryan

in Instruction Modeling: Developing and Implementing Blended Learning Programs

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780190910709
eISBN:
9780190910730
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190910709.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter describes the core ideas behind instruction modeling. A promising way to improve mathematics instruction is to import successful approaches from other countries; however, it is ... More


When health means illness: analysing mental health discourses and practices in Ireland

Derek Chambers

in Reframing Health and Health Policy in Ireland: A Governmental Analysis

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780719095870
eISBN:
9781526128607
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719095870.003.0006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter focuses on the area of mental health policy as an arena in which expert systems, in the form of biomedical discourses and psychiatry, have played a central role in constituting mental ... More


Expert Systems In Environmental Geology

W. Skala and S. Heynisch

in Computers in Geology - 25 Years of Progress

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195085938
eISBN:
9780197560525
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195085938.003.0026
Subject:
Computer Science, Software Engineering

Geoscientific environmental research deals with very complex problems requiring integration of knowledge from many different fields. Computer-based risk evaluation ... More


A Symbolic Science Of Intelligence

Subrata Dasgupta

in The Second Age of Computer Science: From Algol Genes to Neural Nets

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190843861
eISBN:
9780197559826
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190843861.003.0010
Subject:
Computer Science, History of Computer Science

Human Problem Solving (1972) by Allen Newell and Herbert Simon of Carnegie-Mellon University, a tome of over 900 pages, was the summa of some 17 years of research by Newell, Simon, and their ... More


Intelligent Machinery (1948)

Alan Turing

in The Essential Turing

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198250791
eISBN:
9780191916526
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198250791.003.0016
Subject:
Computer Science, History of Computer Science

By the beginning of 1947 much effort had gone into writing programmes or ‘instruction tables’ for the ACE. In ‘Proposed Electronic Calculator’, Turing had said that work on instruction tables ... More


Limits of Logic and Legal Reasoning (1992)*

Carlos E. Alchourrón

in Essays in Legal Philosophy

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780198729365
eISBN:
9780191796272
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198729365.003.0017
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter presents a response to Neil MacCormick’s paper, which analysed the nature of legal reasoning and the possibility of developing legal expert systems. It attempts to restate some of the ... More


Airspace Sectoring by Evolutionary Computation

Daniel Delahaye

in Spatial Evolutionary Modeling

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195135688
eISBN:
9780197561621
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195135688.003.0016
Subject:
Computer Science, Mathematical Theory of Computation

When joining two airports, aircraft must follow routes and beacons; these beacons are necessary for pilots to know their position during navigation and ... More


Introduction: Grandmothers and Machines

George A. Khachatryan

in Instruction Modeling: Developing and Implementing Blended Learning Programs

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780190910709
eISBN:
9780190910730
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190910709.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

The introduction tells the personal story behind the development of instruction modeling and summarizes the main points of the book. It relates how Alex, Julia, and George Khachatryan immigrated to ... More


Artificial intelligence, explanations, trust, responsibility, and justice

Ronald M. Baecker

in Computers and Society: Modern Perspectives

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198827085
eISBN:
9780191917318
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198827085.003.0018
Subject:
Computer Science, Human-Computer Interaction

There have been several challenges to our view of our position and purpose as human beings. The scientist Charles Darwin’s research demonstrated ... More


Can A Computer Have A Mind?

Roger Penrose and Martin Gardner

in Title Pages

Published in print:
1989
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198519737
eISBN:
9780191917080
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198519737.003.0009
Subject:
Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning

Over the past few decades, electronic computer technology has made enormous strides. Moreover, there can be little doubt that in the decades to follow, there will be further great advances in ... More


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