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Discerning Experts: The Practices of Scientific Assessment for Environmental Policy

Michael Oppenheimer, Naomi Oreskes, Dale Jamieson, Keynyn Brysse, Jessica O'Reilly, Matthew Shindell, and Milena Wazeck

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780226601960
eISBN:
9780226602158
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226602158.001.0001
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

Societies have long turned to experts for advice on controversial matters, but in the past, the arrangements to solicit expert advice were largely ad hoc. In recent years we have witnessed the ... More


The Need for Expert Judgment

Michael Oppenheimer, Naomi Oreskes, Dale Jamieson, Keynyn Brysse, Jessica O’Reilly, Matthew Shindell, and Milena Wazeck

in Discerning Experts: The Practices of Scientific Assessment for Environmental Policy

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780226601960
eISBN:
9780226602158
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226602158.003.0001
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

Consensus reports emerged in the mid-twentieth century as a means for scientists to give advice to governments. For the scientists involved, the goal of consensus reflects a belief in the power of ... More


Opinion Aggregation and Individual Expertise

Carlo Martini and Jan Sprenger

in Scientific Collaboration and Collective Knowledge: New Essays

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780190680534
eISBN:
9780190680565
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190680534.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Group judgments are often influenced by their members’ individual expertise. It is less clear, though, how individual expertise should affect the group judgments. This chapter surveys a wide range of ... More


Science Outside the Laboratory: Measurement in Field Science and Economics

Marcel Boumans

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199388288
eISBN:
9780199388318
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199388288.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Measurement is the assignment of numbers to objects or events according to a rule. The rule should be such that the numbers provide reliable information about the objects or events. But the rules ... More


Conclusions

Marcel Boumans

in Science Outside the Laboratory: Measurement in Field Science and Economics

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199388288
eISBN:
9780199388318
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199388288.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The chapter provides a summary of the previous chapters’ conclusions, a survey of the whole book. Measurement is the assignment of numbers to objects or events according to a rule. The rule should be ... More


A “Meteoric” Career in Hungarian Politics

András Körösényi, Péter Ondré, and András Hajdú

in The Leadership Capital Index: A New Perspective on Political Leadership

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780198783848
eISBN:
9780191826498
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198783848.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The central puzzle of this chapter is the meteoric rise and abrupt fall in the popularity of Ferenc Gyurcsány, the Hungarian prime minister between 2004 and 2009. The chapter applies the LCI to ... More


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