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Why bother about motoneurones?

Daniel Kernell

in The Motoneurone and its Muscle Fibres

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198526551
eISBN:
9780191723896
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526551.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This brief chapter provides a general introduction for the rest of the book. Motoneurones are defined and the general layout of the neuromuscular system is described. Motoneurones offer great ... More


16. Experimental studies: clinical trials, field trials, community trials, and intervention studies

Barrie M. Margetts and Ian L. Rouse

in Design Concepts in Nutritional Epidemiology

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192627391
eISBN:
9780191723704
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192627391.003.0016
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Experimental studies set out to alter, rather than just observe, relevant exposures of interest, and to assess over time their impact on health status or disease outcomes. This chapter begins with an ... More


Bradford Hill’s doubts

William A. Silverman

in Where's the Evidence?: Debates in Modern Medicine

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192630889
eISBN:
9780191723568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192630889.003.0024
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter presents a 1993 commentary on Sir Austin Bradford Hill. Hill argued that the essential requirement in studies of the effects of interventions is concurrent comparison. This special need ... More


Epidemiology and biostatistics

Nizam Damani

in Manual of Infection Prevention and Control

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199698356
eISBN:
9780191732126
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199698356.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses epidemiology and biostatistics. Epidemiology is defined as ‘the study of the distribution and determinants of health-related states, conditions, or events in specified ... More


Developmental Origins of Aggression: From Social Learning to Epigenetics

Richard E. Tremblay

in The Future of Criminology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199917938
eISBN:
9780199950430
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199917938.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter explains that in the course of executing the Montreal Longitudinal-Experimental Study, the author became convinced that some of the developmental origins of antisocial behavior were ... More


Contribution of experimental studies to understanding the pathophysiology of migraine

J.W. Lance, G.A. Lambert, P.J. Goadsby, and A.S. Zagami

in Migraine: A Spectrum of Ideas

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192618108
eISBN:
9780191724305
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192618108.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

For any hypothesis to be truly satisfying, it must be compatible with all the known facts. The manifestations of migraine are so diverse that one must resist the temptation to seize on some and ... More


Musical Expertise

John Sloboda

in Exploring the Musical Mind: Cognition, emotion, ability, function

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198530121
eISBN:
9780191689741
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530121.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology

This chapter treats six connected issues of musical expertise. It examines the difficulties associated with characterising expertise in a way that offers a genuine foothold for cognitive psychology, ... More


An Overview of Behavioral Law and Economics

Eyal Zamir and Doron Teichman

in Behavioral Law and Economics

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780190901349
eISBN:
9780190901387
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190901349.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

The chapter introduces behavioral law and economics. It is divided into three sections. The first section describes the history of behavioral law and economics since the late 1970s. The second ... More


Introduction: The Problem and Efforts to Understand It

George L. Priest

in Punitive Damages: How Juries Decide

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226780146
eISBN:
9780226780160
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226780160.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law

Over the past two decades, the United States has experienced a dramatic increase in the incidence and magnitude of punitive damages verdicts rendered by juries in civil litigation. The magnitude of ... More


Identifying Public Health Problems

Scott Burris, Micah L. Berman, Matthew Penn, and, and Tara Ramanathan Holiday

in The New Public Health Law: A Transdisciplinary Approach to Practice and Advocacy

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780190681050
eISBN:
9780190681081
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190681050.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Chapter 5 discusses the use of epidemiology to identify the source of public health problems and inform policymaking. It uses a case study to illustrate how researchers, policymakers, and ... More


Conclusions

Tullio Jappelli and Luigi Pistaferri

in The Economics of Consumption: Theory and Evidence

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780199383146
eISBN:
9780199383160
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199383146.003.0015
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

The final chapter summarizes the material covered by the book, offering our perspectives on areas of consent, disagreement, and future research. The book analyzes how consumers respond to changes in ... More


Evidence-Based Medicine

Alex Broadbent

in Philosophy of Medicine

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
February 2019
ISBN:
9780190612139
eISBN:
9780190612177
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190612139.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter marks a turn away from asking what medicine is, and toward asking what we should think of it. Evidence-Based Medicine (EBM) is the most influential development in thinking about ... More


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