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Evidence-Based Global Public Health: Subjects, Profits, Erasures

Vincanne Adams

in When People Come First: Critical Studies in Global Health

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691157382
eISBN:
9781400846801
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691157382.003.0004
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter examines the impact of “evidence-based medicine” (EBM) on global public health. An epistemic transformation in the field of global health is underway, and it argues that the impact of ... More


The Practice of Psychological Science in Social-Personality Research: Are We Still a Science of Two Disciplines?

Jessica L. Tracy, Richard W. Robins, and Jeffrey W. Sherman

in Psychology of Science: Implicit and Explicit Processes

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199753628
eISBN:
9780199950027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199753628.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Social Psychology

Findings from a study that surveyed editors and editorial board members of personality and social psychology journals are reviewed to examine the practice of psychological science in the field of ... More


Experimental and quasi-experimental designs

Massimo Costantini and Irene J. Higginson

in Research Methods in Palliative Care

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198530251
eISBN:
9780191729980
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530251.003.0006
Subject:
Palliative Care, Palliative Medicine Research, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

This chapter discusses the probable use of experimental and quasi-experimental research designs in palliative care. In order to describe the most common non-experimental study designs that are used ... More


Pre-Experimental Research Designs

Bruce A Thyer

in Quasi-Experimental Research Designs

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195387384
eISBN:
9780199932085
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387384.003.0002
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

The simplest of the group research designs involve the assessment of the functioning of a single group of persons who receive social work services. These methods are called pre-experimental designs. ... More


A Tale of Two Fishes

Kevin N. Laland

in Darwin's Unfinished Symphony

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691182810
eISBN:
9780691184470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691182810.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter describes a protracted program of experimental research conducted over 20 years that set out to comprehend a fascinating difference in the social learning of two closely related species ... More


Turning to Experiments

C. Daniel Batson

in Altruism in Humans

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195341065
eISBN:
9780199894222
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195341065.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter builds a case for experimentation as the best method to test the empathy-altruism hypothesis against its egoistic alternatives. It also considers limitations of this method. First, cases ... More


Quasi-Experimental Group Designs

Bruce A Thyer

in Quasi-Experimental Research Designs

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195387384
eISBN:
9780199932085
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387384.003.0003
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

The quasi-experimental designs compare the outcomes of social work for a group of clients who receive a novel intervention that is the focus on investigation, against the outcomes observed by a ... More


Criminology and the Role of Experimental Research

Mike Hough

in What is Criminology?

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199571826
eISBN:
9780191728839
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571826.003.0014
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology, Philosophy of Law

This chapter discusses the role of experimental research in policy-focused criminology. It makes some fairly simple points in response to a current tendency to overstate the contribution that ... More


Connecting the Lab to the Therapy Room: Microanalysis, Co-construction, and Solution-Focused Brief Therapy

Janet Beavin Bavelas

in Solution-Focused Brief Therapy: A Handbook of Evidence-Based Practice

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195385724
eISBN:
9780199914586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385724.003.0063
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

Recent experiments support the SFBT emphasis on the co-constructive nature of language. First, even in the lab, the speaker and addressee create shared meanings together. They collaborate in an ... More


Bridging the management theory and practice gap

Rob B. Briner, Lars Engwall, Tina L. Juillerat, Henry Mintzberg, Frederick P. Morgeson, Michael G. Pratt, and Stefan Tengblad

in The Work of Managers: Towards a Practice Theory of Management

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199639724
eISBN:
9780191738661
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199639724.003.0017
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies

Seven management researchers, who participated in a plenary session at the Academy of Management 2009 Annual Meeting in Chicago, present their views on how to renew methodological approaches in ... More


Integrating Experimental Research with the Needs of Natural-Resource and Land Managers: Case Studies from Australia and New Zealand

John C. Rodger

in Experimental Approaches to Conservation Biology

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520240247
eISBN:
9780520930636
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520240247.003.0016
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter examines the application of a variety of laboratory and field disciplines of experimental research to the conservation of endangered marsupials and the management of marsupial pest ... More


Institutions under a microscope: Experimental methods in institutional theory

Alex Bitektine, Jeffrey W. Lucas, and Oliver Schilke

in Unconventional Methodology in Organization and Management Research

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780198796978
eISBN:
9780191838446
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198796978.003.0008
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies, Knowledge Management

Alex Bitektine, Jeffrey W. Lucas, and Oliver Schilke describe the unconventional use of experimental research designs, using fundamental or applied research logics, to develop understanding of ... More


Evaluating interventions: Experimental study designs in health promotion

Annie Britton and Margaret Thorogood

in Evaluating Health Promotion: Practice and Methods

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198528807
eISBN:
9780191723964
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528807.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

An experimental study is the standard method for evaluating clinical effectiveness. In such a study, a group of people exposed to an intervention is compared with another group that has not been ... More


What’s So Funny ’bout PECE, TAF, and Data Sharing?

Mike Fortun, Lindsay Poirier, Alli Morgan, Brian Callahan, and Kim Fortun

in Collaborative Anthropology Today: A Collection of Exceptions

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781501753343
eISBN:
9781501753374
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501753343.003.0008
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter points out different ways involvement with collaborative projects share form, shape, or style, and may be imagined as nested within each other, like matryoshka dolls. It deals with the ... More


The Typical Leadership Study: How Do We Know What We Know?

Julian Barling

in The Science of Leadership: Lessons from Research for Organizational Leaders

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199757015
eISBN:
9780199372058
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199757015.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter examines research in mainstream journals since 2000 to show what and who is most likely to be studied by researchers, and what methods are used in this research. Transformational ... More


Publishing fMRI Visuals

Morana Alač

in Handling Digital Brains: A Laboratory Study of Multimodal Semiotic Interaction in the Age of Computers

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015684
eISBN:
9780262295475
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015684.003.0007
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

This chapter focuses on publishing experimental research articles, which are the end product of the laboratory process, and also explains that functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) visuals act ... More


Expectations of the Ubiquitous Presidency

Joshua M. Scacco and Kevin Coe

in The Ubiquitous Presidency: Presidential Communication and Digital Democracy in Tumultuous Times

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
April 2021
ISBN:
9780197520635
eISBN:
9780197520673
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197520635.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics, Democratization

This chapter assesses journalistic and public expectations of the presidency and its communication. It analyzes news media and public reactions to uncover patterns in how presidents are characterized ... More


Researching children’s play and contemporary art

Megan Dickerson

in Practice-based Research in Children's Play

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781447330035
eISBN:
9781447330080
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447330035.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Methodology and Statistics

The New Children’s Museum is a museum in which each ‘exhibit’ is a conceptual work of art by a contemporary artist, commissioned by the museum as a springboard for playful experiences. Neither a ... More


Unequals: The Power of Status and Expectations in our Social Lives

Murray Webster Jr. and Lisa Slattery Walker (eds)

Published in print:
2022
Published Online:
March 2022
ISBN:
9780197600009
eISBN:
9780197600030
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197600009.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This book presents current theory development and empirical research on how status and expectation processes structure interaction. Chapters describe the development and current state of knowledge on ... More


Physical Activity Interventions

Jeffrey J. Martin

in Handbook of Disability Sport and Exercise Psychology

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780190638054
eISBN:
9780190638078
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190638054.003.0036
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Health Psychology

In addition to theory testing, researchers have also examined if exercise interventions serve to enhance psychological constructs such as self-esteem and behavior such as functional fitness, ... More


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