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Political Methodology: Research Design and Experimental Methods

Kathleen M. McGraw

in A New Handbook of Political Science

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294719
eISBN:
9780191599361
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294719.003.0034
Subject:
Political Science, Reference

Provides a discussion of issues relating to research design and experimental methods in political science. Issues are elaborated relating to control and random case selection, internal and external ... More


Some Experimental Tools for Tracking Continuous Mental Trajectories

Michael Spivey

in The Continuity of Mind

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195170788
eISBN:
9780199786831
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195170788.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter emphasizes the importance of identifying the time scale at which a given behavior exhibits detectably graded transitions from state to state. It covers a variety of experimental methods ... More


Political Behavior: Institutional and Experiential Approaches

Patrick Dunleavy

in A New Handbook of Political Science

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294719
eISBN:
9780191599361
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294719.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Reference

Traces political behaviour research as a gradual shift from modernism to post‐modernism, reflected in the use of positivist methodologies in institutional approaches to methodological pluralism and ... More


Current Methods in Muscle Physiology: Advantages, Problems and Limitations

Haruo Sugi (ed.)

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198523970
eISBN:
9780191724480
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523970.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

Despite extensive physiological, biochemical, and structural studies, the mechanisms of muscle contraction operating in living muscle fibres are still not clearly understood. This book aims to ... More


Electrophysiology: Microelectrode Recordings

Partha P. Mitra and Hemant Bokil

in Observed Brain Dynamics

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195178081
eISBN:
9780199864829
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178081.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter begins with a discussion of common experimental paradigms or approaches employed for electrophysiological recordings. It then presents a brief review of neuronal biophysics related to ... More


Methodological Considerations

Partha P. Mitra and Hemant Bokil

in Observed Brain Dynamics

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195178081
eISBN:
9780199864829
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178081.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques, Molecular and Cellular Systems

Practicing neuroscientists often view philosophical or conceptual considerations with suspicion. The importance of laboratory experiments should not be belittled; to date, neuroscience remains a ... More


Toward an Ethnography of Experimental Psychology

Emily Martin

in Plasticity and Pathology: On the Formation of the Neural Subject

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780823266135
eISBN:
9780823266975
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823266135.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter offers a modest engagement with the issue of “training” in relation to psychological experimentation as a way of understanding how experimental psychologists grapple with issues of ... More


Experimental methods in X‐ray and neutron crystallography

Monaco Hugo L. and Gilberto Artioli

in Fundamentals of Crystallography

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199573653
eISBN:
9780191775000
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573653.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses the experimental methods used to study the diffraction of X-rays and neutrons by crystalline materials. Although electrons are also diffracted by crystals, electron diffraction ... More


Field Experiments, Introductions, and Experimental Evolution: A Review and Practical Guide

Duncan J. Irschick and David Reznick

in Experimental Evolution: Concepts, Methods, and Applications of Selection Experiments

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520247666
eISBN:
9780520944473
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520247666.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter discusses the role of field experiments in experimental evolution. Field experiments come in different forms, but the most widely discussed method in the context of evolution is field ... More


Criminology and the Role of Experimental Research

Mike Hough

in What is Criminology?

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199571826
eISBN:
9780191728839
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571826.003.0014
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology, Philosophy of Law

This chapter discusses the role of experimental research in policy-focused criminology. It makes some fairly simple points in response to a current tendency to overstate the contribution that ... More


Co-production as experimentation: the research forum as method

Sue Cohen, Tim Cole, Morag McDermont, and Angela Piccini

in Imagining Regulation Differently: Co-creating for Engagement

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9781447348016
eISBN:
9781447348061
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447348016.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter discusses experiments in shifting understandings of expertise and in co-producing research that formed the basis of the Productive Margins (PM) programme. Those experiments were ... More


Experimental and Quasi-Experimental Designs in Neighborhood Health Effects Research: Strengthening Causal Inference and Promoting Translation

Nicole M. Schmidt, Quynh C. Nguyen, and Theresa L. Osypuk

in Neighborhoods and Health

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780190843496
eISBN:
9780190843533
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190843496.003.0006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter primarily discusses experiments and quasi-experiments (also known as natural experiments) as designs for examining the causal effect of neighborhood environments on health. The first ... More


A Door Ajar: Contemporary Writers and Emily Dickinson

Thomas Gardner

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195174939
eISBN:
9780199850945
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195174939.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, Poetry

Critics have said that Emily Dickinson has no heirs, and that her poetry represents the zenith of the experimental method she developed in the mid-19th century. This book disagrees. It takes up ... More


Experimenting with the Passions

Jacqueline A. Taylor

in Reflecting Subjects: Passion, Sympathy, and Society in Hume's Philosophy

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780198729525
eISBN:
9780191796395
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198729525.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Chapter 1 focuses on a close examination of Hume’s experimental method, which explains the origin, nature, and effects of pride, an indirect passion that reflects a person’s sense of self-worth in ... More


Newton and Cleopatra

Mary Hamer

in Signs of Cleopatra: Reading an Icon Historically

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780859898263
eISBN:
9781781380727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780859898263.003.0003
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

This chapter explores the frescoes entitled the Banquet and the Incontro by Giambattista Tiepolo as tribute to both Cleopatra and Isaac Newton's experimental method. The frescoes represent Newton's ... More


Reflecting Subjects: Passion, Sympathy, and Society in Hume's Philosophy

Jacqueline Taylor

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780198729525
eISBN:
9780191796395
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198729525.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

The book begins with a close examination of Hume’s use of an experimental method to explain the origin, nature, and effects of pride, an indirect passion that reflects a person’s sense of self-worth ... More


A General Model for Experimental Inquiry in Economics and Social Psychology

J. Keith Murnighan

in Handbook of Experimental Economic Methodology

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780195328325
eISBN:
9780190202187
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328325.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

This chapter focuses on the intersection of economics, social psychology, and the experimental method. No other truly social science uses experimental methods as much as these two fields, and ... More


Social and spatial relationships between primate groups

Michelle Brown and Margaret Crofoot

in Primate Ecology and Conservation

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199659449
eISBN:
9780191774775
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199659449.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Ecology

Studying relationships among primate social groups poses a number of logistical challenges: encounters between groups occur relatively infrequently, interactions are often fast-paced and hectic and, ... More


Robert Boyle, Christian Virtuoso

Victor Nuovo

in John Locke: The Philosopher as Christian Virtuoso

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780198800552
eISBN:
9780191840449
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198800552.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

Boyle gave the vocation of a Christian virtuoso its name and exemplified its character in his life. Following Bacon, he affirmed the priority of natural philosophy, and, like Bacon, he prescribed ... More


The Science of Agriculture

Peter M. Jones

in Agricultural Enlightenment: Knowledge, Technology, and Nature, 1750-1840

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780198716075
eISBN:
9780191784293
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198716075.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Ideas, Social History

This chapter explores the slow and uncertain development before the 1840s of a ‘science’ of agriculture. This development waited upon the elaboration of discrete bodies of agronomic data which would ... More


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