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Natural selection in closed asexual populations

Graham Bell

in Selection: The Mechanism of Evolution

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780198569725
eISBN:
9780191717741
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569725.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The mechanism of evolutionary change can be studied directly through selection experiments in laboratory microcosms. This chapter begins by describing the experimental approach to evolution, and goes ... More


Selection: The Mechanism of Evolution

Graham Bell

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780198569725
eISBN:
9780191717741
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569725.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Adaptation is caused by selection continually winnowing the genetic variation created by mutation. In the last ten years, our knowledge of how selection operates on populations in the field and in ... More


Experimental Evolution of Adaptive Diversification in Microbes

Michael Doebeli

in Adaptive Diversification (MPB-48)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691128931
eISBN:
9781400838936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691128931.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This concluding chapter argues that experimental evolution with microbes has emerged as a very attractive alternative to overcome the problem of long time scales in empirical studies of evolution. ... More


Experimental Approaches to Studying the Evolution of Animal form: The Shape of Things to Come

W. Anthony Frankino, Douglas J. Emlen, and Alexander W. Shingleton

in Experimental Evolution: Concepts, Methods, and Applications of Selection Experiments

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520247666
eISBN:
9780520944473
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520247666.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter reviews traditional and newer approaches to the empirical study of biological form, highlighting the contribution of experimental evolution to an improved understanding of why and how ... More


Simple selection

Graham Bell

in Selection: The Mechanism of Evolution

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780198569725
eISBN:
9780191717741
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569725.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The action of selection is based on a few simple principles that are general to all self-replicating systems, and which constitute a distinct branch of science. This introductory chapter presents a ... More


Through a Glass, Clearly: Experimental Evolution as a Window on Adaptive Genome Evolution

Frank Rosenzweig and Gavin Sherlock

in Experimental Evolution: Concepts, Methods, and Applications of Selection Experiments

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520247666
eISBN:
9780520944473
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520247666.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter explores recent examples where experimental evolution, empowered by genomic technologies and increasingly informed by systems biology, has fundamentally advanced our understanding of ... More


Epitome

Graham Bell

in Selection: The Mechanism of Evolution

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780198569725
eISBN:
9780191717741
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569725.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This final chapter epitomizes some of the material presented in the bulk of the text under headings which reflect the introductory section by consisting of declaratory sentences. This chapter aims to ... More


Empirical Insights into Adaptive Landscapes from Bacterial Experimental Evolution

Tim F. Coopera

in The Adaptive Landscape in Evolutionary Biology

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199595372
eISBN:
9780191774799
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199595372.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The adaptive landscape has had a major role in shaping and motivating many experimental evolution studies. In return, these studies have made important contributions to our understanding of the ... More


Experimental Evolution: Concepts, Methods, and Applications of Selection Experiments

Theodore (ed.)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520247666
eISBN:
9780520944473
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520247666.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Experimental approaches to evolution provide indisputable evidence of evolution by directly observing the process at work. Experimental evolution deliberately duplicates evolutionary ... More


Field Experiments, Introductions, and Experimental Evolution: A Review and Practical Guide

Duncan J. Irschick and David Reznick

in Experimental Evolution: Concepts, Methods, and Applications of Selection Experiments

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520247666
eISBN:
9780520944473
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520247666.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter discusses the role of field experiments in experimental evolution. Field experiments come in different forms, but the most widely discussed method in the context of evolution is field ... More


The Importance of Experimental Studies in Evolutionary Biology

Douglas J. Futuyma and Albert F. Bennett

in Experimental Evolution: Concepts, Methods, and Applications of Selection Experiments

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520247666
eISBN:
9780520944473
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520247666.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter considers the place of experimental studies in evolutionary biology, first describing the advantages of experimental evolution and contrasting it with other approaches. The special ... More


Understanding Evolution through the Phages

Samantha E. Forde and Christine M. Jessup

in Experimental Evolution: Concepts, Methods, and Applications of Selection Experiments

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520247666
eISBN:
9780520944473
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520247666.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter focuses on empirical tests of evolutionary theory using viruses, specifically bacteriophage or phage, beginning by reviewing phage biology and the phage life cycle, and then describing ... More


Laboratory Evolution Meets Catch-22: Balancing Simplicity and Realism

Raymond B. Huey and Frank Rosenzweig

in Experimental Evolution: Concepts, Methods, and Applications of Selection Experiments

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520247666
eISBN:
9780520944473
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520247666.003.0022
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter looks critically at a particular type of experimental evolution, often called laboratory natural selection (LNS). In this protocol, stocks of organisms are reared chronically under ... More


Behavior and Neurobiology

Justin S. Rhodes and Tadeusz J. Kawecki

in Experimental Evolution: Concepts, Methods, and Applications of Selection Experiments

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520247666
eISBN:
9780520944473
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520247666.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter presents some of the methods in experimental evolution that can be used to study the evolution of behavior, illustrating how these can be applied toward understanding the origin and ... More


Sexual Exploits in Experimental Evolution

Paul E. Turner, Robert C. McBride, and Clifford W. Zeyl

in Experimental Evolution: Concepts, Methods, and Applications of Selection Experiments

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520247666
eISBN:
9780520944473
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520247666.003.0016
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter discusses many of the varied attempts to study the evolution of sex. It suggests that a wide range of biological systems have been usefully harnessed to explore questions pertaining to ... More


Modeling Experimental Evolution Using Individual-Based, Variance-Components Models

Derek A. Roff and Daphne J. Fairbairn

in Experimental Evolution: Concepts, Methods, and Applications of Selection Experiments

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520247666
eISBN:
9780520944473
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520247666.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter provides an overview of the ways to model experimental evolution. There are three approaches to modeling the evolution of quantitative traits: (1) population-based models, (2) ... More


Darwin’s Other Mistake

Michael R. Rose and Theodore Garland, Jr.

in Experimental Evolution: Concepts, Methods, and Applications of Selection Experiments

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520247666
eISBN:
9780520944473
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520247666.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Darwin's erroneous reasoning concerning heredity was influenced by his gradualist prejudices. This style of thinking prevented Darwin from giving appropriate attention to the hypothesis of discrete ... More


Radium and the Mutation Theory

Luis A. Campos

in Radium and the Secret of Life

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780226238272
eISBN:
9780226238302
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226238302.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter examines how botanical investigators in the early twentieth century used radium to induce or control biological evolution. Explicitly linking the transmutation of the physical species of ... More


Parallel Evolution: What Does It (Not) Tell Us and Why Is It (Still) Interesting?

Thomas Lenormand, Luis-Miguel Chevin, and Thomas Bataillon

in Chance in Evolution

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226401744
eISBN:
9780226401911
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226401911.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Parallel evolution has been used as “proof” of a bewildering array of sometimes contradictory assertions: that Darwinism is wrong, that selection is all powerful, that the modern synthesis is ... More


Adaptedness, Natural Selection, and the Conditions for Existence

John O. Reiss

in Not by Design: Retiring Darwin's Watchmaker

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520258938
eISBN:
9780520944404
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520258938.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter discusses the meaning of adaptedness, and examines its relation both to natural selection and to the conditions for existence. Adaptedness means a certain appropriateness or fit between ... More


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