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Non-experimental quantitative methods

John Hutton and Peter Smith

in What works?: Evidence-based policy and practice in public services

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861341914
eISBN:
9781447304265
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861341914.003.0013
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

For all the interest in experimentation, the majority of quantitative evidence used to form policy and practice takes the form of observational rather than experimental data. The volume of ... More


Bayesian Brain: Probabilistic Approaches to Neural Coding

Kenji Doya, Shin Ishii, Alexandre Pouget, and Rajesh P.N. Rao (eds)

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262042383
eISBN:
9780262294188
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262042383.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

A Bayesian approach can contribute to an understanding of the brain on multiple levels, by giving normative predictions about how an ideal sensory system should combine prior knowledge and ... More


Design and Analysis of Experimental Research I

Peter Miksza and Kenneth Elpus

in Design and Analysis for Quantitative Research in Music Education

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780199391905
eISBN:
9780199391943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199391905.003.0008
Subject:
Music, Theory, Analysis, Composition, Performing Practice/Studies

This chapter builds on the previous chapter by elaborating from theories of causal knowledge presented earlier to practical considerations for the design, execution, and analysis of randomized ... More


The Ability to Overcome Out-Group Perceptions: Face-to-Face Interaction Revisited

Christian Albrekt Larsen

in The Rise and Fall of Social Cohesion: The Construction and De-construction of Social Trust in the US, UK, Sweden and Denmark

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199681846
eISBN:
9780191761683
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199681846.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter argues that face-to-face interaction in public school systems is a more promising way to combatting out-group perceptions than are bowling association. By means of experimental data the ... More


Environment

Anders Ahlbom

in Teaching Epidemiology: A guide for teachers in epidemiology, public health and clinical medicine

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
June 2015
ISBN:
9780199685004
eISBN:
9780191765315
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199685004.003.0007
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology

Environmental epidemiology shares basic principles with other forms of epidemiology. Yet, there are certain aspects to keep in mind when teaching. One is that students often have a background in ... More


“I Think the Work Has Principal Application to Immunology”

Thomas Söderqvist

in Science as Autobiography: The Troubled Life of Niels Jern

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300094411
eISBN:
9780300128710
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300094411.003.0011
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

This chapter shows that, by the late summer of 1949, Niels Jerne had sufficient experiments behind him to be able to choose between the univalence theory and the multivalence theory. The theoretical ... More


Trust in African Villages: Experimental Evidence from Rural Sierra Leone

Paul Hofman, Erwin Bulte, and Maarten Voors

in Trust in Social Dilemmas

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
July 2017
ISBN:
9780190630782
eISBN:
9780190630812
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190630782.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter studies the correlates of trust and trustworthiness for a population of African smallholder farmers. Using experimental and survey data from 1,289 subjects in 86 communities in Sierra ... More


The 1-800 Critique, Counterexamples, and the Future of Behavioral Economics

Ido Erev and Ben Greiner

in Handbook of Experimental Economic Methodology

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780195328325
eISBN:
9780190202187
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328325.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

This chapter contrasts the different approaches taken by economists and psychologists. While economists create models aimed at parsimony and generalizability, psychologists tend to look more narrowly ... More


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