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Under Way

James Herbert

in Creating the AHRC: An Arts and Humanities Research Council for the United Kingdom in the Twenty-first Century

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264294
eISBN:
9780191734335
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264294.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Education

This chapter discusses the developments in terms of research grants and research funding of the newly established AHRB. By 2002 to 2003, during its fifth year, the AHRB's total budget had increased ... More


The Aim Is Not Spending Per Se

Lane Kenworthy

in Progress for the Poor

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199591527
eISBN:
9780191731389
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591527.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

Government social transfers account for a much larger share of GDP in Sweden and Denmark than in the United States. But the U.S. government distributes more benefits in the form of tax breaks rather ... More


Ethics, Economics, and Politics: Principles of Public Policy

I. M. D. Little

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199257041
eISBN:
9780191601293
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257043.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Studies the three interfaces of ethics, economics, and politics. Any well‐considered view of the most desirable role for the state in various aspects of our lives implies some serious thinking about ... More


The Treasury and Whitehall: The Planning and Control of Public Expenditure, 1976–1993

Colin Thain and Maurice Wright

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198277842
eISBN:
9780191684203
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198277842.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics, Political Economy

The Treasury is at the heart of British Government, responsible for deciding how much to spend and on what. Both the institution and the public expenditure process are the focus of this book. Based ... More


Dynamical Control of Economic Waves by Fiscal Policy

Richard M. Goodwin

in Chaotic Economic Dynamics

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198283355
eISBN:
9780191596315
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198283350.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

The control variable in the previous chapter is interpreted here as public net income‐generating expenditure. In the absence of compensatory policy, the model of the previous chapter results in a ... More


A Race to the Bottom?

Francis G. Castles

in The Future of the Welfare State: Crisis Myths and Crisis Realities

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199270170
eISBN:
9780191601514
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199270171.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter focuses on the argument that recent years have seen a ‘race to the bottom’ in social spending. Using comparative data from 21 OECD countries, it shows that social spending has been ... More


The Structure of Social Provision

Francis G. Castles

in The Future of the Welfare State: Crisis Myths and Crisis Realities

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199270170
eISBN:
9780191601514
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199270171.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

Seeks to use disaggregated measures of social expenditure derived from the OECD Social Expenditure Database (SOCX) to measure the extent of recent change in the structure of social provision and to ... More


Population Ageing and the Public Purse

Francis G. Castles

in The Future of the Welfare State: Crisis Myths and Crisis Realities

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199270170
eISBN:
9780191601514
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199270171.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

Examines the supposed threat to the future trajectory of social spending posed by population ageing. An initial focus is on the contrast between the sense of crisis characterizing popular and ... More


Towards a Steady-state Welfare State?

Francis G. Castles

in The Future of the Welfare State: Crisis Myths and Crisis Realities

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199270170
eISBN:
9780191601514
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199270171.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

Seeks to draw the main implications of the previous analysis. It argues that, in recent decades, rather than being under immediate threat, the welfare state in most Western nations has been ... More


Redistribution of Income

Fred Campano and Dominick Salvatore

in Income Distribution: Includes CD

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195300918
eISBN:
9780199783441
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195300912.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter focuses on the role of the government in ensuring basic needs and how that may be managed through income taxes and public expenditure. The analysis is mainly done in the framework of ... More


Chapter Chapter Risk‐Sharing in Retiree Medical Benefits

George Wagoner, Anna Rappaport, Brian Fuller, and Frank Yeager

in Restructuring Retirement Risks

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199204656
eISBN:
9780191603822
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199204659.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

The increase in both retiree medical care expenditures and the retired fraction of the population has put pressure on retiree health care insurance providers. This chapter assesses future prospects ... More


On Crises, Myths, and Measurement

Francis G. Castles

in The Future of the Welfare State: Crisis Myths and Crisis Realities

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199270170
eISBN:
9780191601514
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199270171.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

Explores the themes of what follows. It argues that the welfare state literature of the past quarter century has been big on crisis theories of the welfare state and much weaker on facts. The chapter ... More


Explaining Expenditure Outcomes

Francis G. Castles

in The Future of the Welfare State: Crisis Myths and Crisis Realities

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199270170
eISBN:
9780191601514
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199270171.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

Uses statistical techniques to model the determinants of aggregate social expenditure change in 21 OECD countries over the period 1980 to 1998. The main focus is on testing hypotheses relating to the ... More


Politics and Policy Regimes: Setting a Long‐Term Equilibrium

Michael D. McDonald and Ian Budge

in Elections, Parties, Democracy: Conferring the Median Mandate

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199286720
eISBN:
9780191603327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286728.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter clinches the previous analysis by linking equilibria on both sides, (politics and policy) showing that they correspond closely. Broadly speaking, political preferences are transmitted ... More


Reasons for the annuity puzzle

Edmund Cannon and Ian Tonks

in Annuity Markets

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199216994
eISBN:
9780191711978
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216994.003.0008
Subject:
Business and Management, Pensions and Pension Management

This chapter discusses a variety of reasons why it may be rational to avoid full annuitization. It discusses the interaction of annuities with state pensions, deferring annuitization, expenditure ... More


Gorbachev and Foreign Policy

Archie Brown

in The Gorbachev Factor

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780192880529
eISBN:
9780191598876
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0192880527.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

Gorbachev was able to have a decisive impact on the development of ideas concerning the Soviet Union's relationship with the outside world and on the actual conduct of Soviet foreign policy by virtue ... More


The European Union

Jan‐Erik Lane, David McKay, and Kenneth Newton

in Political Data Handbook: OECD Countries

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780198280538
eISBN:
9780191601934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019828053X.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Reference

This section presents statistics on the European Union. It features tables on member state resources, expenditures, budget, institutions, election turnout, composition of the European Parliament, ... More


The Gathering Storm: Israel's Structural Crisis in the 1970s

Michael Bruno

in Crisis, Stabilization, and Economic Reform: Therapy by Consensus

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780198286639
eISBN:
9780191603839
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198286635.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This chapter examines Israel’s structural crisis during the early 1970s. It covers the growth and development of business sector GDP, an international comparison of growth and inflation, the ... More


Electoral Choice and the 2001 Campaign

Harold D. Clarke, David Sanders, Marianne C. Stewart, and Paul Whiteley

in Political Choice in Britain

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199244881
eISBN:
9780191601521
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924488X.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

Considers the impact of the 2001 election campaign. Contrary to what is commonly assumed about the function of election campaigns, data from the 2001 BES rolling campaign panel survey show that the ... More


Public Finance

Jan‐Erik Lane, David McKay, and Kenneth Newton

in Political Data Handbook: OECD Countries

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780198280538
eISBN:
9780191601934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019828053X.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Reference

This section presents public finance statistics for OECD countries. It features tables on taxes, social security contributions, government final consumption, current disbursements and receipts, ... More


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