Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

You are looking at 1-20 of 175 items

  • Keywords: expectancy x
Clear All Modify Search

View:

Foreword: Toward an Era of Longevity and Wealth

Robert W. Fogel

in Lessons from Pension Reform in the Americas

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199226801
eISBN:
9780191710285
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226801.003.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Pensions and Pension Management

This foreword provides an overview of demographic development during the past three centuries, as life expectancy and per-capita growth of GDP have increased dramatically. Due to the intense ... More


Social Security Reform

Peter A. Diamond

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199247899
eISBN:
9780191697692
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199247899.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics, Public and Welfare

Social security systems are being reviewed and changed in many countries around the world. This book considers some of the key policy issues for design of a social security reform, as well as ... More


Recalibrating Retirement Spending and Saving

John Ameriks and Olivia S. Mitchell (eds)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199549108
eISBN:
9780191720734
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199549108.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Pensions and Pension Management

As Baby Boomers are now in their 60s, policymaker and media attention is becoming focused on how this generation will manage during its long period in retirement. This book acknowledges that many, ... More


Managing Retirement Payouts: Positioning, Investing, and Spending Assets

John Ameriks and Olivia S. Mitchell

in Recalibrating Retirement Spending and Saving

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199549108
eISBN:
9780191720734
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199549108.003.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Pensions and Pension Management

As Baby Boomers move into their 60s, they are focusing policymaker and media attention on how their generation will manage the retirement phase of their lifetime. This book acknowledges that many, ... More


Population

Jan‐Erik Lane, David McKay, and Kenneth Newton

in Political Data Handbook: OECD Countries

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780198280538
eISBN:
9780191601934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019828053X.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Reference

This section presents population data on OECD countries. It features tables on mid-year estimates, population growth, population density, age structure, birth rate, life expectancy, infant mortality ... More


Social Inequalities in Health: New evidence and policy implications

Johannes Siegrist and Michael Marmot (eds)

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198568162
eISBN:
9780191724107
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568162.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Health inequalities according to people's social standing are persisting, or even growing, in modern societies. Recent decades have revealed evidence of strong variations in life expectancy, both ... More


Conclusions and Policy Implications

Pekka Ilmakunnas, Jan van Ours, Vegard Skirbekk, and Matthias Weiss

in Ageing, Health, and Productivity: The Economics of Increased Life Expectancy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199587131
eISBN:
9780191595370
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199587131.003.0015
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Public and Welfare

This concluding chapter contributes to the discussion in two ways. First, it presents a ‘grand view’ in which it discusses the various components of productivity in detail, and then looks at ... More


Transitory vs. Permanent Demographic Shocks: From Ageing to Longevity

Brigitte Dormont, Joaquim Oliveira Martins, Florian Pelgrin, and Marc Suhrcke

in Ageing, Health, and Productivity: The Economics of Increased Life Expectancy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199587131
eISBN:
9780191595370
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199587131.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Public and Welfare

This chapter deals with demographic facts. Ageing trends are the result of two different and contrasted phenomena: the change from a high to a low fertility regime and the increase in longevity. The ... More


Clinical Trials and Our Health

Curtis L. Meinert

in An Insider’s Guide to Clinical Trials

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199742967
eISBN:
9780199897278
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199742967.003.0022
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter discusses the increase in life expectancy in the U.S. since the 1900s. There is benefit from information generated from trials, irrespective of participation in them. This argues for a ... More


Interpersonal Expectations: Effects of the Experimenter's Hypothesis 1

Robert Rosenthal

in Artifacts in Behavioral Research: Robert Rosenthal and Ralph L. Rosnow's Classic Books

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195385540
eISBN:
9780199869824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385540.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Artifacts not directly associated with the interaction between the experimenter and the research subjects include interpreter and observer biases, whereas interactional artifacts include biosocial ... More


Human Subjects

Robert Rosenthal

in Artifacts in Behavioral Research: Robert Rosenthal and Ralph L. Rosnow's Classic Books

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195385540
eISBN:
9780199869824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385540.003.0017
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

The evidence presented up to this point that the expectancy of the experimenter may in part determine the results of his research has been at least somewhat equivocal. Some of the evidence has been ... More


Animal Subjects

Robert Rosenthal

in Artifacts in Behavioral Research: Robert Rosenthal and Ralph L. Rosnow's Classic Books

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195385540
eISBN:
9780199869824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385540.003.0018
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

In Chapter 9 a question was raised as to the generality of the effects of the experimenter's expectancy. This chapter describes experiments designed to extend the generality of these effects. It was ... More


Subject Set

Robert Rosenthal

in Artifacts in Behavioral Research: Robert Rosenthal and Ralph L. Rosnow's Classic Books

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195385540
eISBN:
9780199869824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385540.003.0019
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter discusses various subject sets as they complicate the effects of the experimenter's expectancy. The experiments described have served in part to extend the generality of the effects of ... More


Early Data Returns

Robert Rosenthal

in Artifacts in Behavioral Research: Robert Rosenthal and Ralph L. Rosnow's Classic Books

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195385540
eISBN:
9780199869824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385540.003.0020
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

In the last few chapters the effects of the experimenter's expectancy on his subjects' responses was considered. This chapter reverses the direction of the predictions and considers the effects of ... More


Behavioral Variables

Robert Rosenthal

in Artifacts in Behavioral Research: Robert Rosenthal and Ralph L. Rosnow's Classic Books

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195385540
eISBN:
9780199869824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385540.003.0023
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

In Chapter 14, a number of experimenter characteristics were shown to be related to the operation of experimenter expectancy effects. The particular characteristics discussed could all be assessed ... More


Communication of Experimenter Expectancy

Robert Rosenthal

in Artifacts in Behavioral Research: Robert Rosenthal and Ralph L. Rosnow's Classic Books

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195385540
eISBN:
9780199869824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385540.003.0024
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter addresses the question: How does the experimenter inform his subject what it is he expects the subject to do? Data from several studies including the leisurely analysis of films suggests ... More


The Generality and Assessment of Experimenter Effects

Robert Rosenthal

in Artifacts in Behavioral Research: Robert Rosenthal and Ralph L. Rosnow's Classic Books

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195385540
eISBN:
9780199869824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385540.003.0025
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter begins with a discussion of the generality of experimenter effects. It presents more formal definitions of certain operating characteristics of the experimenter. It then considers the ... More


Experimenter Sampling

Robert Rosenthal

in Artifacts in Behavioral Research: Robert Rosenthal and Ralph L. Rosnow's Classic Books

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195385540
eISBN:
9780199869824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385540.003.0027
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Much of this book has been devoted to showing that an experimenter's expectancy may be an unintended determinant of the results of his research. This chapter addresses the question of what can be ... More


Experimenter Behavior

Robert Rosenthal

in Artifacts in Behavioral Research: Robert Rosenthal and Ralph L. Rosnow's Classic Books

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195385540
eISBN:
9780199869824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385540.003.0028
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

In Chapter 19, some techniques for the control of experimenter expectancy effects were suggested which depended on the determination of experimenter behavior, expectancy, and other attributes before ... More


Personnel Considerations

Robert Rosenthal

in Artifacts in Behavioral Research: Robert Rosenthal and Ralph L. Rosnow's Classic Books

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195385540
eISBN:
9780199869824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385540.003.0029
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

In the last two chapters suggestions were made which were designed to help control experimenter expectancy effects in specific experiments. Drawing upon some of the suggestions made earlier, this ... More


View: