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Case Study: Evaluating the Effects of Grazing and Soil Characteristics on Plant Diversity

Thomas J. Stohlgren

in Measuring Plant Diversity: Lessons from the Field

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195172331
eISBN:
9780199790395
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195172331.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

Paired-plot designs are commonly used to compare the effects of fire, grazing, or other disturbances. Plots are placed in treated (or disturbed) and untreated (or control) sites, and measured ... More


Case Study: Assessments of Plant Diversity in Arid Landscapes

Thomas J. Stohlgren

in Measuring Plant Diversity: Lessons from the Field

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195172331
eISBN:
9780199790395
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195172331.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

In arid environments, the patterns of native and non-native plant diversity may be affected by cryptobiotic crusts. This chapter is a detailed case study designed to: (1) quantify patterns of native ... More


Case Study: Patterns of Plant Invasions in Forests and Grasslands

Thomas J. Stohlgren

in Measuring Plant Diversity: Lessons from the Field

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195172331
eISBN:
9780199790395
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195172331.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter discusses the urgent need to assess rapidly the vulnerability of natural landscapes and specific habitats to plant species invasion. Systematic surveys of where non-native species have ... More


Tipping the Balance in the Restoration of Native Plants: Experimental Approaches to Changing the Exotic:Native Ratio in California Grassland

Jeffrey D. Corbin, Carla M. D’Antonio, and Susan J. Bainbridge

in Experimental Approaches to Conservation Biology

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520240247
eISBN:
9780520930636
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520240247.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter evaluates the efficiency of experimental techniques in reducing invasive plant species in California grassland ecosystems. It discusses native plant restoration approaches, focusing on ... More


Invasion of Franciscan Annuals, Grazing, and California Pasture in the Nineteenth Century

Richard A. Minnich

in California's Fading Wildflowers: Lost Legacy and Biological Invasions

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520253537
eISBN:
9780520934337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520253537.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

The deliberate introduction of European annual glasses and forbs by the Franciscan missionaries began a transformation of the California herbaceous flora, which is an ongoing process. In explaining ... More


Exotic Species

Walter E. Meshaka

in Amphibian Declines: The Conservation Status of United States Species

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520235922
eISBN:
9780520929432
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520235922.003.0038
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Within the framework of species conservation resides the increasingly relevant and disconcerting topic of exotic species. A conservative definition of exotic amphibian species includes only those ... More


Direct human impacts on high-latitude lakes and rivers

Martin J. Riddle and Derek C.G. Muir

in Polar Lakes and Rivers: Limnology of Arctic and Antarctic Aquatic Ecosystems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199213887
eISBN:
9780191707506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213887.003.0016
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter reviews and compares possible causes of environmental impacts on lake and river systems in the Arctic and Antarctica, with emphasis on the direct effects of local human activities. ... More


An Annotated List of Plants

David Yetman and Thomas R. Van Devender

in Mayo Ethnobotany: Land, History, and Traditional Knowledge in Northwest Mexico

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520227217
eISBN:
9780520926356
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520227217.003.0007
Subject:
Anthropology, Latin American Cultural Anthropology

This chapter presents an annotated list of known to and used by Mayos for various purposes. This list contains some 370 species from 82 families for trees, shrubs, herbs, vines, and grasses. This ... More


Extending Species’ Ranges

Emily W. B. Russell Southgate

in People and the Land through Time: Linking Ecology and History, Second Edition

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780300225808
eISBN:
9780300249590
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300225808.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter considers movement of species over time. Many land managers and ecologists consider invasive species to be the most important factor in disrupting "natural" ecosystems today, at least in ... More


Overview

Pamela J. Mueller

in Experimental Approaches to Conservation Biology

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520240247
eISBN:
9780520930636
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520240247.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter demonstrates the use of experimental approaches to control or eliminate exotic and invasive species. It provides an overview of case studies that employ traditional techniques of ... More


Influences of Environmental and Anthropogenic Features on Greater Sage-Grouse Populations, 1997–2007

Douglas H. Johnson, Matthew J. Holloran, John W. Connelly, Steven E. Hanser, Courtney L. Amundson, and Steven T. Knick

in Greater Sage-Grouse: Ecology and Conservation of a Landscape Species and Its Habitats

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520267114
eISBN:
9780520948686
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520267114.003.0018
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology

The Greater Sage-Grouse (Centrocercus urophasianus), endemic to western North America, is of great conservation interest. Its populations are tracked by spring counts of males at lek sites. This ... More


Invertebrates: A Case Study Of China Camp State Park, Marin County

April Robinson, Andrew N. Cohen, Brie Lindsey, and Letitia Grenier

in Ecology, Conservation, and Restoration of Tidal Marshes: The San Francisco Estuary

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780520274297
eISBN:
9780520954014
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520274297.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

The distribution of macroinvertebrates across a tidal gradient is described from a study of invertebrate distribution across tidal marsh sub-habitats, a nonquantitative survey of epifauna on ... More


Meeting the Challenge of Amphibian Declines with an Interdisciplinary Research Program

James P. Collins, Nicholas Cohen, Elizabeth W. Davidson, Joyce E. Davidson, and Andrew Storfer

in Amphibian Declines: The Conservation Status of United States Species

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520235922
eISBN:
9780520929432
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520235922.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Amphibian populations fluctuate in size, but around 1989, herpetologists became alarmed by reports that populations and even species were declining — some to extinction. To address this problem, a ... More


Reintroductions and Other Transplants

Dietland Müller-Schwarze

in The Beaver: Its Life and Impact

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450105
eISBN:
9780801460869
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450105.003.0018
Subject:
Biology, Animal Behavior / Behavioral Ecology

This chapter focuses on beaver reintroductions and other transplants. Both the Eurasian and North American beavers have been transplanted many times and in many parts of the world in order to ... More


Animal Personality and Conservation Biology The Importance of Behavioral Diversity

Brian R. Smith and Daniel T. Blumstein

in Animal Personalities: Behavior, Physiology, and Evolution

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226922058
eISBN:
9780226922065
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226922065.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Animal Behavior / Behavioral Ecology

This chapter discusses how personality and behavioral diversity are important determinants of genetic diversity and the long-term persistence of populations, and also describes the anthropogenic ... More


Getting Captain Cook’s Goat: And Other Tales of Ecological Introduction

Jennifer Newell

in Trading Nature: Tahitians, Europeans, and Ecological Exchange

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824832810
eISBN:
9780824870744
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824832810.003.0004
Subject:
Society and Culture, Pacific Studies

This chapter explores why Europeans went to such lengths to introduce exotic species into Tahiti, the challenges they faced, and how the islanders managed the introductions. From the mid-eighteenth ... More


Nature’s Wonders: Natural History as Pastime

Federico Marcon

in The Knowledge of Nature and the Nature of Knowledge in Early Modern Japan

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226251905
eISBN:
9780226252063
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226252063.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter introduces various forms of popular pastimes and frenzies for species of plants and animals that characterized eighteenth century Japan. It includes landscaping, ornamental gardening, ... More


History of Water Control and Dam Impacts

Angela H. Arthington

in Environmental Flows: Saving Rivers in the Third Millennium

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780520273696
eISBN:
9780520953451
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520273696.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Building on a brief history of human efforts to control and manage water resources, as well as summary statistics, this chapter describes the upstream and barrier effects of large dams in particular. ... More


Reconciliation Ecology and the Future of Species Diversity

Michael L. Rosenzweig

in Biodiversity in Drylands: Toward a Unified Framework

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195139853
eISBN:
9780197561720
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195139853.003.0023
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Environmental Geography

Alexander von Humboldt (1807) provided the first hint of one of ecology’s most pervasive rules: larger areas contain more species than do small ones. Many ecologists see that rule—the species–area ... More


Change in Wisconsin's Coastal Wetlands

Jim Meeker and Gary Fewless

in The Vanishing Present: Wisconsin's Changing Lands, Waters, and Wildlife

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226871714
eISBN:
9780226871745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226871745.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Some of Wisconsin's most majestic wetlands occur along the shores of Lakes Michigan and Superior. This chapter describes these systems, noting that their diversity often hinges on regular disturbance ... More


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