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Arguing the Existence of God: From the World to Its Maker

Francis X. Clooney

in Hindu God, Christian God: How Reason Helps Break Down the Boundaries Between Religions

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195138542
eISBN:
9780199834099
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195138546.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

Explores the nature of the demonstration of God's existence in representative theological writings from the Hindu and Christian traditions.


Does God’s Existence Need Proof?

Richard Messer

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198269717
eISBN:
9780191683763
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198269717.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

The possibility of proving the existence of God has fascinated thinkers and believers throughout the centuries. For those like Richard Swinburne, such a project is both worthwhile and successful. For ... More


Hindu God, Christian God: How Reason Helps Break Down the Boundaries Between Religions

Francis X. Clooney

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195138542
eISBN:
9780199834099
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195138546.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

Hindu God, Christian God, an exercise in comparative theology, proposes that theology today is an interreligious discipline and illustrates this with reference to Christianity and ... More


Berkeley, God, and Explanation

Douglas M. Jesseph

in Early Modern Philosophy: Mind, Matter, and Metaphysics

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195177602
eISBN:
9780199835553
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195177606.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter is divided into three sections. The first summarizes the three supposedly different arguments Berkeley used to show the existence of God and gives a brief overview of the interpretive ... More


The Concept, Knowledge, and Worship of God

Peter C. Hodgson

in Hegel and Christian Theology: A Reading of the Lectures on the Philosophy of Religion

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199273614
eISBN:
9780191602443
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199273618.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

God is the absolute truth and substance of all things, the universal in which everything subsists. As such God is also absolute subjectivity, or spirit. The concrete development of this idea of God ... More


The Ontological Argument

Brian Leftow

in The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Religion

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195138092
eISBN:
9780199835348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195138090.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter presents and critically discusses the main historical variants of the “ontological argument,” a form of a priori argument for the existence of God pioneered by Anselm of Canterbury. I ... More


God

DAVID R. LAW

in Kierkegaard as Negative Theologian

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198263364
eISBN:
9780191682506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198263364.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter examines Søren Kierkegaard's doctrine of God. It discusses Kierkegaard's definition of the term God and his treatment of the arguments for the existence of God. It analyses how human ... More


Causes, Existence, and Ideas

Thomas C. Vinci

in Cartesian Truth

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195113297
eISBN:
9780199833825
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195113292.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

There are two main formulations of a key causal principle in the Cartesian a priori philosophical system: one, present in Meditation III, says that the cause of the representational content ... More


Introduction

Richard Messer

in Does God’s Existence Need Proof?

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198269717
eISBN:
9780191683763
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198269717.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This introductory chapter explains the coverage of this book, which is about the need or the possibility of rationally proving the existence of God. It reveals a relativity of attitudes towards the ... More


The Proper Role of Philosophy

Richard Messer

in Does God’s Existence Need Proof?

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198269717
eISBN:
9780191683763
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198269717.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter examines the proper role of philosophy on the issue of the existence of God and the traditional philosophical acceptance and rejection of the principle of rationality. This principle ... More


. Conclusions: The Problem of Evil and the Philosophy of Science

Michael C. Banner

in The Justification of Science and the Rationality of Religious Belief

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198240198
eISBN:
9780191680113
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198240198.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Philosophy of Science

This chapter discusses the character of a theistic answer to the problem of evil. The discussion focuses on two of this problem's features. The first feature of this problem is that it presents the ... More


The Finitude of the Past and the Existence of God

William Lane Craig

in Theism, Atheism, and Big Bang Cosmology

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198263838
eISBN:
9780191682650
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198263838.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion, Theology

This chapter presents an essay which evaluates the history of the argument about the finitude of the past and the existence of God in Christian, Islamic, and Jewish thought. It argues in defense of ... More


The Coherence of Theism

Richard Swinburne

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198240709
eISBN:
9780191598586
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198240708.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

Investigates whether the claim that there is a God can be spelt out in a coherent way. Part 1 analyses how we can show some claim to be coherent or incoherent. God is supposed to be a personal being, ... More


The Depth of Disagreement

Richard Messer

in Does God’s Existence Need Proof?

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198269717
eISBN:
9780191683763
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198269717.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter examines the criticism of cognitive philosophers of religion on the views of D. Z. Phillips about the need to rationally prove the existence of God. Cognitive philosophers accused ... More


Morality and Religion

Linda Zagzebski

in The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Religion

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195138092
eISBN:
9780199835348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195138090.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

Almost all religions contain a code of morality, and in spite of the factthat there are moral codes and philosophies that do not rely upon anyreligion, it has been traditionally argued that there are ... More


God in the Age of Science?: A Critique of Religious Reason

Herman Philipse

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199697533
eISBN:
9780191738470
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697533.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book is a critical examination of the philosophical strategies for defending religious belief. The main strategies may be presented as conforming to the end nodes of a decision tree for a ... More


Cosmological and Design Arguments

Alexander R. Pruss and Richard M. Gale

in The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Religion

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195138092
eISBN:
9780199835348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195138090.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

The cosmological and teleological argument both start with some contingent feature of the actual world and argue that the best or only explanation of that feature is that it was produced by an ... More


A Criticism of the Cosmological Argument for God's Non-existence

William Lane Craig

in Theism, Atheism, and Big Bang Cosmology

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198263838
eISBN:
9780191682650
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198263838.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion, Theology

This chapter criticizes Quentin Smith's cosmological argument for God's non-existence. It analyses the elements of Smith's Big Bang cosmological argument for the non-existence of God and offers a ... More


God and Matter in Locke: An Exposition of Essay 4.10

Jonathan Bennett

in Early Modern Philosophy: Mind, Matter, and Metaphysics

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195177602
eISBN:
9780199835553
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195177606.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Margaret Wilson and the author of this book share an interest in and enthusiasm for the tenth chapter in Locke's Essay 4, entitled “Of Our Knowledge of the Existence of a GOD”. This chapter expounds ... More


A Defence of the Cosmological Argument for God's Non-existence

Quentin Smith

in Theism, Atheism, and Big Bang Cosmology

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198263838
eISBN:
9780191682650
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198263838.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion, Theology

This chapter argues in defence of the cosmological argument about God's non-existence. It proposes a coherent and plausible Big Bang cosmology that is better justified and is capable of standing up ... More


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