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When East Meets West: Systematizing Luria’s Approach to Executive Control Assessment

Kenneth Podell

in Luria's Legacy in the 21st Century

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195176704
eISBN:
9780199864706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176704.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

This chapter first reviews the history of Luria's assessment techniques and contrasts them to the fixed-battery approach and discusses some of the earlier debate between the two approaches. The ... More


Atypical Attention: Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

Kim Cornish and John Wilding

in Attention, Genes, and Developmental Disorders

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195179941
eISBN:
9780199864652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179941.003.008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

Chapter 8 focuses exclusively on ADHD, a complex disorder with a broad spectrum of involvement. It is also one of the most widely researched of neurodevelopmental disorders; yet pinpointing its ... More


Fractionating the Central Executive

Alan Baddeley

in Principles of Frontal Lobe Function

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195134971
eISBN:
9780199864157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195134971.003.0016
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter shows that the frontal lobes play an important role in integrating information from many other areas of the brain, and are crucially involved in its manipulation for purposes such as ... More


Control of Cognition

David Kieras

in Integrated Models of Cognitive Systems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195189193
eISBN:
9780199847457
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189193.003.0023
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

Cognitive architectures are the current form of the traditional computer metaphor in which human cognition is analyzed in information-processing terms. This chapter uses a radically updated version ... More


The Dynamic Control of Human Actions

Florian Waszak, Anne Springer, and Wolfgang Prinz

in Self Control in Society, Mind, and Brain

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195391381
eISBN:
9780199776894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391381.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Social Psychology

Human action serves two complementary purposes. On the one hand, actions are meant to achieve desired effects in the environment. On the other hand, people act as a consequence of external events, ... More


Executive Control Circuits

Jonathan D. Wallis

in Primate Neuroethology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195326598
eISBN:
9780199864904
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326598.003.0021
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology, Evolutionary Psychology

Primate behavior is complex, and as behavioral complexity increases so too must the complexity of the systems responsible for controlling the behavior. This chapter examines the neuronal systems that ... More


Recapitulation

Holly Alliger Ruff and Mary Klevjord Rothbart

in Attention in Early Development: Themes and Variations

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195136326
eISBN:
9780199894031
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195136326.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter briefly summarizes the two broad systems of attention: the orienting/investigative system observed from early infancy, and the second system emerging by one year, and supporting the ... More


Towards a multicomponent view of executive control: The case of response selection

André Vandierendonck, Arnaud Szmalec, Maud Deschuyteneer, and Ann Depoorter

in The Cognitive Neuroscience of Working Memory

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198570394
eISBN:
9780191693816
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570394.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter explicitly argues for top down modulation with respect to conflict resolution and response selection, both of which are seen as important functions on a central executive, while ... More


Working memory and social behaviour

Alan Baddeley

in Working Memory, Thought, and Action

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198528012
eISBN:
9780191689505
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528012.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Potential links between social psychology and working memory are explored in this chapter. Three areas in which the study of working memory might benefit from research in social psychology are ... More


Inhibitory Mechanisms and the Control of Attention

Lynn Hasher, Cindy Lustig, and Rose Zacks

in Variation in Working Memory

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195168648
eISBN:
9780199847297
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168648.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter focuses on a set of attentional or executive control processes, all inhibitory, that operate in the service of an individual's goals to narrow and constrain the contents of consciousness ... More


From Technocrats to Politicians: The Commissioners

Anchrit Wille

in The Normalization of the European Commission: Politics and Bureaucracy in the EU Executive

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199665693
eISBN:
9780191755989
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199665693.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter links reforms in the legal and political framework of the EU Commission to a transformation that has turned the college of commissioners into a genuinely political rather than a ... More


Age-related Differences in the Speed of Executive Control

Paul Verhaeghen

in The Elements of Cognitive Aging: Meta-Analyses of Age-Related Differences in Processing Speed and Their Consequences

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780195368697
eISBN:
9780199369171
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195368697.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

The meta-analyses presented in this chapter lead to two empirical conclusions. First, at the level of absolute age differences—the level older adults deal with in their daily lives, and also the ... More


A hierarchical biased-competition model of domain-dependent working memory maintenance and executive control

Susan M. Courtney, Jennifer K. Roth, and Joseph B. Sala

in The Cognitive Neuroscience of Working Memory

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198570394
eISBN:
9780191693816
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570394.003.0021
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter discusses a neurological implementation of a model that allows for concurrent activation of multiple representations that are distinct from activated areas of long-term memory, which may ... More


The ups and downs of cognitive psychology: attention and other ‘executive functions’

Alan Allport

in Inside Psychology: A science over 50 years

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199228768
eISBN:
9780191696336
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228768.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter examines developments in cognitive psychology during the past fifty years, especially concerning the issues of attention and other executive functions. It describes the emergence of ... More


Relational processing is fundamental to the central executive and is limited to four variables

Graeme S. Halford, Steven Phillips, William H. Wilson, Julie McCredden, Andrews Glenda, Damian Birney, Rosemary Baker, and John D. Bain

in The Cognitive Neuroscience of Working Memory

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198570394
eISBN:
9780191693816
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570394.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter describes a consistent view of executive control. It offers evidence that a major function of an executive is to support relational processing involved in planning, reasoning and ... More


On reducing age-related declines in memory and executive control

Fergus I. M. Craik

in Measuring the Mind: Speed, control, and age

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198566427
eISBN:
9780191693588
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566427.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Cognitive abilities depend on the brain, which becomes less efficient as people age. This chapter notes two major factors that make the picture less negative. The first is that age-related declines ... More


Looking and Visual Attention: Overview and Developmental Framework

Holly Alliger Ruff and Mary Klevjord Rothbart

in Attention in Early Development: Themes and Variations

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195136326
eISBN:
9780199894031
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195136326.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter explores the development of a first attention or orienting/investigative system and a second system that underlies goal-oriented behaviour and involves higher-level inhibitory processes. ... More


Age-related Slowing and Its Relationship to Complex Abilities

Paul Verhaeghen

in The Elements of Cognitive Aging: Meta-Analyses of Age-Related Differences in Processing Speed and Their Consequences

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780195368697
eISBN:
9780199369171
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195368697.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Many models (common-cause model, and different meditational models) were fitted to meta-analytic data. A cascade model suggested that speed is a powerful mediator between age and executive control ... More


Toward an Integrated, Comprehensive Theory of Visual Search

Anthony Hornof

in Integrated Models of Cognitive Systems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195189193
eISBN:
9780199847457
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189193.003.0022
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

With the goal of moving toward a comprehensive theory of visual search that could predict visual search performance for a wide range of applied visual tasks, this chapter describes how a ... More


Dynamic Coordination in Brain and Mind

William A. Phillips, Christoph von der Malsburg, and Wolf Singer

in Dynamic Coordination in the Brain: From Neurons to Mind

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014717
eISBN:
9780262289818
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014717.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

This chapter focuses on dynamic coordination in the brain and mind and its major implications for the cognitive neurosciences. Coordinating interactions give rise to coherent and relevant patterns of ... More


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