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Confronting SARS: a view from Hong Kong

J. S. Malik Peiris and Yi Guan

in SARS: A case study in emerging infections

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568193
eISBN:
9780191718175
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568193.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

An unusual atypical pneumonia emerged in the autumn of 2002 and winter of 2003, which was recognized as a new disease and designated Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS). A novel coronavirus ... More


Excretory systems

A. Schmidt-Rhaesa

in The Evolution of Organ Systems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198566687
eISBN:
9780191718007
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566687.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Excretory systems remove excretions from the body and serve as organs of osmoregulation. Active transport and ultrafiltration are the two basic principles of excretion. The structure of filtration ... More


Bodies, Bodily Functions and Activities, and Hygiene

BONNIE S. McDOUGALL

in Love-Letters and Privacy in Modern China: The Intimate Lives of Lu Xun and Xu Guangping

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199256792
eISBN:
9780191698378
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199256792.003.0015
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter explores Lu Xun and Xu Guangping's own bodies and bodily activities and functions. When they first started to write to each other, the two rarely discussed bodies, bodily functions or ... More


Specialized Physiological Characteristics of Amphibia

Stanley S. Hillman, Philip C. Withers, Robert C. Drewes, and Stanley D. Hillyard

in Ecological and Environmental Physiology of Amphibians

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198570325
eISBN:
9780191728259
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570325.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter delineates the specialized physiological characteristics of amphibians, including anatomy and physiology of physiological processes of amphibians that have served as unique and powerful ... More


5-HT receptors and migraine

Pramod R. Saxena

in Migraine: A Spectrum of Ideas

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192618108
eISBN:
9780191724305
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192618108.003.0014
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

Migraine is a vascular headache but its pathophysiology is complex and multifactorial. Of the many pathophysiological factors that are implicated in migraine, changes in the metabolism of ... More


Form, Weight, and Special Adaptations

Dietland Müller-Schwarze

in The Beaver: Its Life and Impact

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450105
eISBN:
9780801460869
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450105.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Animal Behavior / Behavioral Ecology

This chapter provides an overview of the beaver's form, weight, and special adaptations. An adult North American beaver has an average body weight of 40–50 pounds (about 18–23 kilograms). The body ... More


Form and Function

Judith S. Weis

in Walking Sideways: The Remarkable World of Crabs

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450501
eISBN:
9780801466045
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450501.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter looks at basic crab anatomy. It examines the biological aspects common to many crabs, such as their digestive processes, respiration, metabolic rates, biological rhythms, excretion, ... More


Energy flux food webs

John C. Moore and Peter C. De Ruiter

in Energetic Food Webs: An analysis of real and model ecosystems

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780198566182
eISBN:
9780191774683
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566182.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter makes use of the same connectedness description as the previous chapter – the Central Plains Experimental Range (CPER) soil food web – as a starting point for constructing an ‘energy ... More


Extreme Environments

F. Brian Eddy and Richard D. Handy

in Ecological and Environmental Physiology of Fishes

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199540945
eISBN:
9780191774584
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199540945.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Ecology

This chapter discusses challenging habitats, examples of the populations of fish present, and the physiological adaptations shown by the fish. The topics selected are life in hypoxic environments, ... More


Physico-chemical gradients and extremes

Jill Lancaster and Barbara J. Downes

in Aquatic Entomology

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199573219
eISBN:
9780191774850
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573219.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter discusses how insects are affected by temperature variations and extremes, and the different adaptations that allow some independence of ambient temperatures (behavioural and ... More


Toxicology

Robert Laumbach and Michael Gochfeld

in Occupational and Environmental Health

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780190662677
eISBN:
9780190662707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190662677.003.0007
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter describes the basic principles of toxicology and their application to occupational and environmental health. Topics covered include pathways that toxic substances may take from sources ... More


Excretion

Derek Burton and Margaret Burton

in Essential Fish Biology: Diversity, structure, and function

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780198785552
eISBN:
9780191827433
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198785552.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology, Animal Biology

Excretion is the removal of metabolic wastes such as ammonia, carbon dioxide, ions and water as well as toxic xenobiotics and metals. The process involves the gills, kidney, liver and rectal gland ... More


Evoking Disgust in the Latin Novels of Petronius and Apuleius

Donald Lateiner

in The Ancient Emotion of Disgust

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780190604110
eISBN:
9780190604134
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190604110.003.0011
Subject:
Classical Studies, World History: BCE to 500CE

The extant Latin novels address disgust more than earlier Latin genres did. Petronius and Apuleius enlist psychological mechanisms and sociocultural norms of disgust to satirize characters and ... More


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