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Stochastic Dynamic Bifurcations and Excitability

Nils Berglund and Barbara Gentz

in Stochastic Methods in Neuroscience

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199235070
eISBN:
9780191715778
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235070.003.0003
Subject:
Mathematics, Biostatistics

Some models of action potential generation in neurons like the Fitzhugh–Nagumo and the Morris–Lecar model are given by slow–fast differential equations. We outline a general theory allowing us to ... More


Ion channels and electrical activity

Mauro Pessia

in Molecular Biology of the Neuron

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198509981
eISBN:
9780191723810
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198509981.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter describes the main structural determinants regulating the function of some voltage-gated Na+, K+, and Ca++ channels and their fundamental role in cell excitability. Voltage-dependent ... More


Gene Control of Cortical Excitability

Jeffrey L. Noebels

in The Cortical Neuron

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195083309
eISBN:
9780199847464
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195083309.003.0015
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

The genes that contribute to specific cortical excitability phenotypes are difficult to predict. But one group of genes expressed in central neurons can be operationally defined and constitute a ... More


Dendritic integration

Nelson Spruston, Greg Stuart, and Michael Häusser

in Dendrites

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198566564
eISBN:
9780191724206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566564.003.0014
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

The essence of neuronal function is to generate outputs, usually in the form of action potentials, in response to inputs, in the form of synaptic potentials. The morphology and membrane properties of ... More


The inside story: subcellular mechanisms of neuromodulation

Elizabeth A. Jonas and Leonard K. Kaczmarek

in Beyond Neurotransmission: Neuromodulation and its Importance for Information Processing

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524243
eISBN:
9780191724435
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524243.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

The processes within a neuron that are subject to modulation include changes in amplitude or kinetics of the ion channels, the insertion or removal of ion channel proteins from the membrane, changes ... More


Corticospinal facilitation during motor imagery

Cathy M. Stinear

in The neurophysiological foundations of mental and motor imagery

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199546251
eISBN:
9780191701412
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546251.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

This chapter examines whether motor imagery may facilitate corticospinal activity in the areas corresponding to the muscles involved in the ... More


The Electrophysiological Work of Alessandro Volta

Marco Piccolino, Marco Bresadola, and Nicholas Wade

in Shocking Frogs: Galvani, Volta, and the Electric Origins of Neuroscience

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199782161
eISBN:
9780199345182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199782161.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

One of the consequences of the historiographic tradition that has considered the Galvani-Volta controversy as due to an irresolvable opposition between a medical and physical paradigm has been a ... More


Model-Based Approaches to the Study of the Neural Basis of Cognitive Control

Sven Bestmann and Rogier B. Mars

in Neural Basis of Motivational and Cognitive Control

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016438
eISBN:
9780262298490
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016438.003.0023
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter illustrates model-based approaches to the study of the neural basis of cognitive control. It presents recent studies that investigate whether the predictive information theoretic models ... More


Emotional disorders

Mark Selikowitz

in ADHD: The Facts

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9780198867371
eISBN:
9780191904127
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198867371.003.0009
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Clinical Medicine

Emotional disorders in children with ADHD are often difficult to detect. The emotional problems that occur in children with ADHD fall into three categories: emotional characteristics of ADHD (low ... More


Spine calcium signaling

Adam Carter and Bernardo Sabatini

in Dendrites

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780198745273
eISBN:
9780191819735
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198745273.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Molecular and Cellular Systems

Spines are specialized cellular compartments found at high density on the dendrites of many neurons. Glutamatergic synapses are made onto spines, which house much of the machinery needed to read out ... More


Awaking the Cortex

Alan J. McComas

in Sherrington's Loom: An Introduction to the Science of Consciousness

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780190936549
eISBN:
9780190936570
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190936549.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

This chapter tells the story of the discovery of the reticular activating system. At the same time, the chapter traces various attempts to address the larger question of “waking” the cortex and ... More


Phase Space Analysis Of Neuronal Excitability

Christof Koch

in Biophysics of Computation: Information Processing in Single Neurons

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195104912
eISBN:
9780197562338
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195139853.003.0013
Subject:
Computer Science, Mathematical Theory of Computation

The previous chapter provided a detailed description of the currents underlying the generation and propagation of action potentials in the squid giant axon. The Hodgkin-Huxley (1952d) model ... More


Synthesis of Chemical Oscillations

Irving R. Epstein and John A. Pojman

in An Introduction to Nonlinear Chemical Dynamics: Oscillations, Waves, Patterns, and Chaos

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195096705
eISBN:
9780197560815
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195096705.003.0009
Subject:
Chemistry, Physical Chemistry

There is no doubt that the phenomenon of chemical oscillation—the periodic or nearly periodic temporal variation of concentrations in a reacting system— provided the initial impetus for the ... More


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