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Legislating the New Death Penalty: The Simple Deprivation of Life

Paul Friedland

in Seeing Justice Done: The Age of Spectacular Capital Punishment in France

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199592692
eISBN:
9780191741852
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592692.003.0010
Subject:
History, European Medieval History, European Early Modern History

By the Revolution, public opinion universally accepted the idea that the death penalty should be used rarely, that it should involve as little pain as possible, and that the bulk of crimes should be ... More


EVOLVING BLACK HOLE SPACETIMES

Miguel Alcubierre

in Introduction to 3+1 Numerical Relativity

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199205677
eISBN:
9780191709371
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199205677.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter considers the different issues associated with the numerical evolution of black hole spacetimes. These issues can be separated into three areas: 1) how to evolve black holes successfully ... More


The Exciser

in Between Rites and Rights: Excision in Women's Experiential Texts and Human Contexts

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804756877
eISBN:
9780804768375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804756877.003.0011
Subject:
Literature, Women's Literature

The perpetuation of the excision rite in Africa has recently been blamed on the exciser. The mother of the excised girl is usually described as the anti-mom, one who delivers her screaming child to ... More


Circumcision and Excision Ceremonies

John G. Kennedy

in Nubian Ceremonial Life: Studies in Islamic Syncretism and Cultural Change

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9789774249556
eISBN:
9781617970955
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:
10.5743/cairo/9789774249556.003.0008
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

This chapter deals with an important component of the traditional Nubian ritual system, but one which has lapsed into relative insignificance in modem times. It begins by describing the circumcision ... More


Between Rites and Rights: Excision in Women's Experiential Texts and Human Contexts

Chantal Zabus

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804756877
eISBN:
9780804768375
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804756877.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, Women's Literature

In the past five decades and over three generations, African women writers have introduced a new autobiographical discourse around their experience of excision that brings nuance to the female ... More


DNA repair and genomic stability

John C. Lucchesi

in Epigenetics, Nuclear Organization & Gene Function: With implications of epigenetic regulation and genetic architecture for human development and health

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780198831204
eISBN:
9780191869266
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198831204.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

A number of pathways have evolved in order to repair DNA. Mismatch repair (MMR) operates when an improper nucleotide is used or when an insertion or deletion occurs during replication. Nucleotide ... More


Introduction

in Between Rites and Rights: Excision in Women's Experiential Texts and Human Contexts

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804756877
eISBN:
9780804768375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804756877.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, Women's Literature

During the United Nations decade for women (1975–1985), the practice of “female circumcision” was identified as female genital mutilation (FGM). Because the word “mutilation” was “thought to preempt ... More


Sexual Pre-Texts

in Between Rites and Rights: Excision in Women's Experiential Texts and Human Contexts

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804756877
eISBN:
9780804768375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804756877.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, Women's Literature

People in Somalia, Egypt, Ethiopia, Sudan, Sierra Leone, and other parts of Africa believe that an oversized or an unexcised clitoris is an obstruction to coitus, while masturbation is an avoidance ... More


Kenyan Reactance: Kenyatta, Huxley, wa Thiong'o

in Between Rites and Rights: Excision in Women's Experiential Texts and Human Contexts

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804756877
eISBN:
9780804768375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804756877.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, Women's Literature

Culture is not an inborn destiny but a human artifact that can be reshaped. When culture is threatened to the core by outside forces, a phenomenon called “reactance” may arise. The cult of culture ... More


Kenyan Women's Texts: Njau, Likimani, Waciuma

in Between Rites and Rights: Excision in Women's Experiential Texts and Human Contexts

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804756877
eISBN:
9780804768375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804756877.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, Women's Literature

Kenyan women's experiences of excision had been mediated via cultural anthropology, the anthropological novel, and male third-person narratives. The Kenyan female body seems to inform key texts not ... More


In Passing and Other Circumspections: Nwapa, El Saadawi, Rifaat

in Between Rites and Rights: Excision in Women's Experiential Texts and Human Contexts

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804756877
eISBN:
9780804768375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804756877.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, Women's Literature

Kenyan women writers such as Charity Waciuma (Daughter of Mumbi) and Muthoni Likimani (They Shall Be Chastised) addressed the issue of excision in their novels by dwelling on unexcised women, or ... More


On Spurious Geneses: Nawal El Saadawi

in Between Rites and Rights: Excision in Women's Experiential Texts and Human Contexts

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804756877
eISBN:
9780804768375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804756877.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, Women's Literature

Nawal El Saadawi denounced excision as a medically dangerous practice intended to control female sexuality. She is the first woman writer to provide a first-person account of her own excision in her ... More


Spoken Autobiographical Acts: Nayra Atiya's ‘Khul-Khaal'

in Between Rites and Rights: Excision in Women's Experiential Texts and Human Contexts

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804756877
eISBN:
9780804768375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804756877.003.0007
Subject:
Literature, Women's Literature

This chapter examines “spoken autobiographical acts” and the demotic eloquence of women who share their experiences about excision with a female amanuensis-cum-ethnographer in a post-colonial ... More


The Sealed Condition: From the Beginnings to Freud and Herzi

in Between Rites and Rights: Excision in Women's Experiential Texts and Human Contexts

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804756877
eISBN:
9780804768375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804756877.003.0008
Subject:
Literature, Women's Literature

Excision in all of its forms is distributed on the African continent along two axes intersecting in Sudan: an east-west axis from Yemen to Senegal and a north-south axis from Egypt to Tanzania. ... More


Silence, Exile, and the Spectacle of the Fashioned Body Aman, Barry, Dirie: Aman, Barry, Dirie

in Between Rites and Rights: Excision in Women's Experiential Texts and Human Contexts

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804756877
eISBN:
9780804768375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804756877.003.0009
Subject:
Literature, Women's Literature

Aman, Kesso Barry, and Waris Dirie are African, Muslim women who all experienced a form of excision and rebelled against the patriarchal and psychosexual control of their bodies and destinies. All ... More


The Whole Woman and the Law: Keïta, Ahmadu, Kassindja, Dirie, Khady, Abdi, Korn

in Between Rites and Rights: Excision in Women's Experiential Texts and Human Contexts

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804756877
eISBN:
9780804768375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804756877.003.0010
Subject:
Literature, Women's Literature

Both religion and culture can shape ideas of completeness and perfection. Sami Al-Deeb Abu-Sahlieh, a staunch critic of both female excision and male circumcision, argues that genital intactness for ... More


Conclusion: Between Rights and Future Rites

in Between Rites and Rights: Excision in Women's Experiential Texts and Human Contexts

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804756877
eISBN:
9780804768375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804756877.003.0012
Subject:
Literature, Women's Literature

The women who have experienced excision or the threat of it provide a wide range of subjective perspectives that highlights the complexity of the contexts (religion, culture, law) underlying the ... More


State Violence

David L. Hoffmann

in Cultivating the Masses: Modern State Practices and Soviet Socialism, 1914-1939

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801446290
eISBN:
9780801462832
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801446290.003.0006
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

This chapter examines excisionary violence as an attempt by Soviet officials to physically remove segments of the population deemed harmful to society in general. It first considers the origins of ... More


Stopping the Refugee Boats

David Scott FitzGerald

in Refuge beyond Reach: How Rich Democracies Repel Asylum Seekers

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780190874155
eISBN:
9780190874186
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190874155.003.0010
Subject:
Sociology, Migration Studies (including Refugee Studies), Comparative and Historical Sociology

Australia has unusually effective controls to deter asylum seekers as a result of its remote geography, regional hegemony, and relatively weak legal constraints. In the 1970s the government’s options ... More


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