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‘His leering eyes gives such a look’: The World of Excise

WILLIAM J. ASHWORTH

in Customs and Excise: Trade, Production, and Consumption in England 1640-1845

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199259212
eISBN:
9780191717918
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199259212.003.0008
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, Economic History

This chapter begins with a discussion of the work of excise officers. It then discusses excise training and method. The first available manual for excise gauging was written by excise commissioner ... More


Measurement, Instrumentation, and Alcohol Standards

WILLIAM J. ASHWORTH

in Customs and Excise: Trade, Production, and Consumption in England 1640-1845

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199259212
eISBN:
9780191717918
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199259212.003.0015
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, Economic History

This chapter argues that the economic implications and impact of the hydrometer can only be understood by examining the work that went into making it robust and trusted. The focus is on the impact of ... More


Corporate tax at the turn of the century

STEVEN A. BANK

in From Sword to Shield: The Transformation of the Corporate Income Tax, 1861 to Present

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195326192
eISBN:
9780199775811
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326192.003.003
Subject:
Law, Legal History

This chapter discusses corporate tax in the early 20th century. The 1894 corporate income tax represented the culmination of a gradual evolution of corporate taxation at the state and federal level ... More


Smuggling

WILLIAM J. ASHWORTH

in Customs and Excise: Trade, Production, and Consumption in England 1640-1845

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199259212
eISBN:
9780191717918
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199259212.003.0011
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, Economic History

This chapter discusses the problem of smuggling. The authorities recognized that punishment and the use of arms needed to be accompanied by a more constructive policy. Not only were new and old ... More


Drink and Food

WILLIAM J. ASHWORTH

in Customs and Excise: Trade, Production, and Consumption in England 1640-1845

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199259212
eISBN:
9780191717918
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199259212.003.0013
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, Economic History

This chapter shows that examining excise's practices and activities not only reveals what the pillar of public credit was actually built of, but also exposes the crucial role of the excise had in ... More


Candles, Salt, Soap, Starch, Leather, Paper, Textiles, and Glass

WILLIAM J. ASHWORTH

in Customs and Excise: Trade, Production, and Consumption in England 1640-1845

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199259212
eISBN:
9780191717918
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199259212.003.0014
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, Economic History

This chapter begins with a discussion of the taxation of candles. It then discusses the taxation of salt, soap, starch, leather, paper, textiles, and glass.


The Incarceration, Adulteration, and Policing of Taxed Goods

WILLIAM J. ASHWORTH

in Customs and Excise: Trade, Production, and Consumption in England 1640-1845

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199259212
eISBN:
9780191717918
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199259212.003.0017
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, Economic History

This chapter begins with a discussion of the incarceration of goods. It shows that incarcerating goods through the new tight Warehousing Act meant excarcerating people: protecting trade from the ... More


The Limits of Taxation and the Politics of Representation

WILLIAM J. ASHWORTH

in Customs and Excise: Trade, Production, and Consumption in England 1640-1845

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199259212
eISBN:
9780191717918
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199259212.003.0018
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, Economic History

This chapter begins with a discussion of the protests unleashed by the decision of the Earl of Bute, and the Chancellor of the Exchequer, Sir Francis Dashwood, to seek revenue via an Act designed to ... More


‘The Calico Millennium’

WILLIAM J. ASHWORTH

in Customs and Excise: Trade, Production, and Consumption in England 1640-1845

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199259212
eISBN:
9780191717918
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199259212.003.0021
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, Economic History

This chapter argues that throughout the book, the issues of fiscal policy, employment, and political power have been deeply immersed in the preservation of social authority. Eventually, the ... More


Introduction

WILLIAM J. ASHWORTH

in Customs and Excise: Trade, Production, and Consumption in England 1640-1845

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199259212
eISBN:
9780191717918
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199259212.003.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, Economic History

This introductory chapter begins with a historical background of taxation in Britain starting from the late 1600s. It then discusses the purpose of the book, which is to reveal the ingenious ways in ... More


Liberty, Property, and the Excise

WILLIAM J. ASHWORTH

in Customs and Excise: Trade, Production, and Consumption in England 1640-1845

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199259212
eISBN:
9780191717918
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199259212.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, Economic History

Robert Walpole's appointment as First Lord of the Treasury enabled him to recapture public confidence in the credibility of the government's financial dealings and preserve the central aim of the ... More


Delusion? Trust, Credit, and the Excise

WILLIAM J. ASHWORTH

in Customs and Excise: Trade, Production, and Consumption in England 1640-1845

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199259212
eISBN:
9780191717918
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199259212.003.0006
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, Economic History

England's success in maintaining its credit was the marvel and envy of the 18th century, which contributed to its rise as a major commercial, military, and industrial power. The dominant consensus ... More


The Introduction of the Excise

WILLIAM J. ASHWORTH

in Customs and Excise: Trade, Production, and Consumption in England 1640-1845

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199259212
eISBN:
9780191717918
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199259212.003.0007
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, Economic History

This chapter discusses the introduction and implementation of the excise tax. The excise duties were formally announced to the Long Parliament on 16 May 1643. An ordinance was subsequently passed on ... More


Food, Municipalities, and the State

L. A. Clarkson and E. Margaret Crawford

in Feast and Famine: Food and Nutrition in Ireland 1500-1920

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198227519
eISBN:
9780191708374
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198227519.003.0010
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter wonders why, since food was so important to life, there has not been more legislation touching its production and consumption. For decades municipalities intermittently used the assize ... More


Theory and Practice of Excise Taxation: Smoking, Drinking, Gambling, Polluting, and Driving

Sijbren Cnossen (ed.)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2005
ISBN:
9780199278596
eISBN:
9780191602856
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199278598.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Excise taxes on smoking, drinking, gambling, polluting, and driving are always topical and controversial. Not only are these taxes convenient sources of government revenue, they can also be designed ... More


The Traditional Framework of Indirect Taxes

Hiromitsu Ishi

in The Japanese Tax System

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199242566
eISBN:
9780191596452
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242569.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

Examines indirect tax reform movements in the late 1980s before the introduction of a broad‐based consumption tax: VAT. Needless to say, the adoption of VAT had a close bearing upon the changes in ... More


Economics and Politics of Excise Taxation *

Sijbren Cnossen

in Theory and Practice of Excise Taxation: Smoking, Drinking, Gambling, Polluting, and Driving

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2005
ISBN:
9780199278596
eISBN:
9780191602856
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199278598.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Excise taxes, broadly defined, are important revenue instruments. Their distinguishing features are selectivity in coverage, discrimination in intent, and often some form of quantitative measurement ... More


An Excise Tax on Municipal Solid Waste?

Don Fullerton

in Theory and Practice of Excise Taxation: Smoking, Drinking, Gambling, Polluting, and Driving

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2005
ISBN:
9780199278596
eISBN:
9780191602856
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199278598.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Under current policies in US states, the marginal cost to an individual household for disposal of another bag of garbage is essentially zero, even though collection and disposal costs increase with ... More


Road User and Congestion Charges

David Michael Newbery

in Theory and Practice of Excise Taxation: Smoking, Drinking, Gambling, Polluting, and Driving

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2005
ISBN:
9780199278596
eISBN:
9780191602856
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199278598.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Designing an efficient set of road user taxes and charges involves charging for scarce road space, setting corrective taxes for environmental externalities, and possibly employing additional taxes to ... More


Excise Taxes: Economics, Politics, and Psychology *

Bruno S. Frey

in Theory and Practice of Excise Taxation: Smoking, Drinking, Gambling, Polluting, and Driving

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2005
ISBN:
9780199278596
eISBN:
9780191602856
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199278598.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Excise taxation is only one instrument in the fiscal toolbox to combat externality and immorality. Excise taxes, along with tradable permits and command-and-control measures, provide external ... More


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