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Big Bang

Ranald C. Michie

in The London Stock Exchange: A History

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199242559
eISBN:
9780191596643
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242550.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History, Financial Economics

This chapter discusses the lead up to the ‘Big Bang’ and its effects––the Big Bang refers to the abolition of fixed commissions and the single capacity on 27 October 1986, both of which had been at ... More


Recovery and Crisis: 1945–1949

Ranald C. Michie

in The London Stock Exchange: A History

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199242559
eISBN:
9780191596643
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242550.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History, Financial Economics

The first part of this chapter discusses the efforts by the London Stock Exchange to survive and prosper post‐war under continuing government control, and to try to avoid direct Treasury supervision ... More


Exchange Controls and Policy Autonomy: The Case of Australia, 1983–1988

Tariq Banuri and Juliet B. Schor (eds)

in Financial Openness and National Autonomy: Opportunities and Constraints

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198283645
eISBN:
9780191684463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198283645.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Exchange controls that are subject to contemporary conditions assist national governments in implementing macroeconomic policies that veer away from the acceptable norms set by international ... More


Commercial Policies in the 1930s

Richard Pomfret

in The Economics of Regional Trading Arrangements

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199248872
eISBN:
9780191596797
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199248877.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

Describes the collapse of the international economic system during the 1930s as governments disrupted the flow of international trade and turned trade increasingly into bilateral channels. Section 1 ... More


Real National Income as a Measure of General Well‐Being

Partha Dasgupta

in An Inquiry into Well-Being and Destitution

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198288350
eISBN:
9780191596094
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198288352.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The main part of this chapter discusses decentralization and central guidance in relation to resource allocation. There are seven sections: (1) competitive mechanisms in the private realm; (2) the ... More


Uzbekistan

Richard Pomfret

in The Central Asian Economies in the Twenty-First Century

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691182216
eISBN:
9780691185408
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691182216.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, International Business

This chapter explores the national economy and transition strategies of Uzbekistan. At independence Uzbekistan inherited important assets, including the best civil aircraft fleet, the military ... More


Capital Flows, Financial Markets, and the External Balance Sheet

Jonathan Leape and Lynne Thomas

in South African Economic Policy under Democracy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199551460
eISBN:
9780191720376
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199551460.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare, Economic Systems

This chapter examines the volume and composition of capital flows in South Africa, distinguishing between net flows of foreign (non-resident) capital and net flows of domestic (resident) capital. Two ... More


Exchange‐Rate Policy and Macroeconomic Performance: A Comparison of French and Italian Experience Between the Wars

Jean‐Charles Asselain and Alain Plessis

in Banking, Currency, and Finance in Europe Between the Wars

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198288039
eISBN:
9780191596230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198288034.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Economic History

France and Italy both stabilized their currencies relatively late. Although the French franc was initially undervalued and the lira overvalued, there were significant similarities in subsequent ... More


Private International Capital Flows in Europe in the Inter‐War Period

Charles H. Feinstein and Katherine Watson

in Banking, Currency, and Finance in Europe Between the Wars

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198288039
eISBN:
9780191596230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198288034.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Economic History

Explores the nature, scale, and direction of the massive flows of international capital to and from Europe in the inter‐war period. The authors present new data on the movements of international ... More


Transforming Democracy: Brokerage Politics and the Exclusion Era’s Denouement

Lisa Rose Mar

in Brokering Belonging: Chinese in Canada's Exclusion Era, 1885-1945

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199733132
eISBN:
9780199866533
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199733132.003.0006
Subject:
History, World Modern History, World Medieval History

During the Second World War, crises forced Chinese Canadian political brokerage to extreme limits, suspended the usual rules, and forced sudden social change. Traditional brokers failed to secure ... More


Decentralization and Central Guidance

Partha Dasgupta

in An Inquiry into Well-Being and Destitution

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198288350
eISBN:
9780191596094
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198288352.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The main part of this chapter discusses decentralization and central guidance in relation to resource allocation. There are seven sections: (1) competitive mechanisms in the private realm; (2) the ... More


Disintegration of the International Economy between the Wars

Forrest Capie

in The Great Depression of the 1930s: Lessons for Today

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199663187
eISBN:
9780191749216
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199663187.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

The international economy disintegrated between the two world wars. In many ways this is not surprising given the variety of problems that emerged in, and after, the First World War—problems of debt, ... More


Abolition of Exchange Controls

Jack Copley

in Governing Financialization: The Tangled Politics of Financial Liberalisation in Britain

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
November 2021
ISBN:
9780192897015
eISBN:
9780191919664
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192897015.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

This chapter explores the abolition of exchange controls, which transformed the British economy by ushering in a new era of mobile capital flows. Following the IMF’s 1976 bailout of the UK and the ... More


Monetary Policy Instruments

Juan Antonio Morales and Paul Reding

in Monetary Policy in Low Financial Development Countries

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
August 2021
ISBN:
9780198854715
eISBN:
9780191888915
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198854715.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter presents and discusses the instruments of monetary policy that are used by LFDCs’ central banks. The trend towards market-based monetary policies has been followed by LFDCs’ central ... More


Control and Compartmentalization, 1945–1970

Ranald C. Michie

in British Banking: Continuity and Change from 1694 to the Present

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780198727361
eISBN:
9780191793516
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198727361.003.0007
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History, Finance, Accounting, and Banking

British banking was not nationalized after the Second World War except for the Bank of England. Government intervention in the banking system exercised during the Second World War, remained long ... More


Convergence and Conversions, 1970–1997

Ranald C. Michie

in British Banking: Continuity and Change from 1694 to the Present

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780198727361
eISBN:
9780191793516
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198727361.003.0008
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History, Finance, Accounting, and Banking

From the 1970s, the divisions that government intervention had maintained in the British banking system gradually broke down. The controls led large banks to adopt very conservative practices leaving ... More


The visible hand: shaping stability and inclusion in the South African financial sector

Penelope Hawkins

in The Oxford Companion to the Economics of South Africa

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199689248
eISBN:
9780191789731
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199689248.003.0020
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The South African financial sector achieved relative stability at a time when the financial crisis wreaked havoc in other jurisdictions. The financial stability has been partly attributed to exchange ... More


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