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Social being and cultural practices

Keith Ray and Julian Thomas

in Neolithic Britain: The Transformation of Social Worlds

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198823896
eISBN:
9780191917288
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198823896.003.0012
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

Human societies are held together by relationships, conventions, traditions, institutions, and tacit understandings. These things are intangible, and while humans ... More


Defining issues

D. W. Harding

in Title Pages

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199687565
eISBN:
9780191918384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199687565.003.0006
Subject:
Archaeology, Mortuary Archaeology

The universality of human mortality is the commonest of truisms, but the prospect of mortality evidently has weighed differently on different societies over the course of human history, from the ... More


Mortuary practices, problems, and analysis

D. W. Harding

in Death and Burial in Iron Age Britain

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199687565
eISBN:
9780191918384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199687565.003.0007
Subject:
Archaeology, Mortuary Archaeology

Archaeological investigation is sometimes likened to opening a window on to the past. The problem is that, except in cases of unexpected and sudden disaster, for example where a shipwreck has been ... More


Communities of the dead: Formal Cemeteries and Burial Grounds

D. W. Harding

in Death and Burial in Iron Age Britain

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199687565
eISBN:
9780191918384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199687565.003.0008
Subject:
Archaeology, Mortuary Archaeology

Burial monuments of the Neolithic and Bronze Age, individual or in cemeteries, were often located in topographically prominent positions, or in zones of concentration that might qualify as ‘sacred ... More


Graves and grave-goods

D. W. Harding

in Death and Burial in Iron Age Britain

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199687565
eISBN:
9780191918384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199687565.003.0011
Subject:
Archaeology, Mortuary Archaeology

It has been stressed that the archaeological remains of the dead in a formal grave represent only the final stage in what may well have been a protracted and complex series of stages in funerary ... More


Come Rain or Shine? The Social Implications of Seasonality and Weather on the Cremation Rite in Early Anglo-Saxon England

Kirsty E. Squires

in Cremation and the Archaeology of Death

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198798118
eISBN:
9780191917141
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198798118.003.0022
Subject:
Archaeology, Mortuary Archaeology

Limited information is available pertaining to the weather and seasonal conditions of early Anglo-Saxon England. Environmental evidence and documentary sources indicate a downturn in climatic ... More


Function 1: Defence

Dennis Harding

in Iron Age Hillforts in Britain and Beyond

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199695249
eISBN:
9780191918452
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/9780199695249.003.00011
Subject:
Archaeology, European Archaeology

For much of the past two hundred years, a basic assumption has been that hillforts had a primarily defensive function. That they served also as settlements or for community gatherings, perhaps even ... More


Function 2: Social, Economic, Ritual

Dennis Harding

in Iron Age Hillforts in Britain and Beyond

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199695249
eISBN:
9780191918452
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/9780199695249.003.00012
Subject:
Archaeology, European Archaeology

In southern England, in terms of prevailing environmental conditions most hillforts could have been occupied or used on a permanent rather than seasonal basis. With the exception of Exmoor and ... More


Conclusion: A Sense of Place

Dennis Harding

in Iron Age Hillforts in Britain and Beyond

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199695249
eISBN:
9780191918452
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/9780199695249.003.0015
Subject:
Archaeology, European Archaeology

It has often been supposed that the Anglo-Saxon poet lamenting the passing of an heroic society was referring to the ruins of Roman walls, for some reason decorated with serpentiform designs. But ... More


Fragmenting the body

Joanna Brück

in Personifying Prehistory: Relational Ontologies in Bronze Age Britain and Ireland

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198768012
eISBN:
9780191917073
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198768012.003.0005
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

In 2002, the extraordinarily wealthy inhumation burial of a single adult male was discovered less than 5 kilometres from Stonehenge in Wiltshire. The Amesbury Archer, as he soon came to be known, ... More


Narratives for the fourth millennium

Keith Ray and Julian Thomas

in Neolithic Britain: The Transformation of Social Worlds

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198823896
eISBN:
9780191917288
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198823896.003.0011
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

The story of the Neolithic period in Britain as we so far understand it has been compiled from myriad individual archaeological encounters with the traces of human activity from the centuries ... More


The Expansion of Settlement (1100–250 bc)

Richard Bradley, Colin Haselgrove, Marc Vander Linden, and Leo Webley

in The Later Prehistory of North-West Europe: The Evidence of Development-Led Fieldwork

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199659777
eISBN:
9780191918285
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199659777.003.0011
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

The previous chapter addressed an important period of change, but this would not have been apparent to the scholars who devised the Three Age Model. The most important developments between 1600 and ... More


Defining Issues

Dennis Harding

in Iron Age Hillforts in Britain and Beyond

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199695249
eISBN:
9780191918452
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/9780199695249.003.0005
Subject:
Archaeology, European Archaeology

‘Hillfort’ is a term of convenience. It is widely recognized that the monuments in question are not restricted topographically to hills, and that their role may not have been primarily, and ... More


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