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Northern Indians and Negro Slaves: Wash and the Politics of Reconstruction

Claudio Saunt

in Black, White, and Indian: Race and the Unmaking of an American Family

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195176315
eISBN:
9780199788972
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176315.003.0007
Subject:
History, Social History

In the era of Reconstruction, the Creek Nation pursued a policy of states' rights in order to defend its sovereignty against the federal government. The Creeks' conflation of states' rights and ... More


Long Past Slavery: Representing Race in the Federal Writers' Project

Catherine A. Stewart

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9781469626260
eISBN:
9781469628295
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469626260.001.0001
Subject:
History, African-American History

From 1936 to 1939, the Federal Writers' Project of the Works Progress Administration collected life stories from more than 2,300 former slaves. These narratives are now widely used as a source to ... More


Epilogue: Reconstruction

Walter D. Kamphoefner

in Germans in the Civil War: The Letters They Wrote Home

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780807830444
eISBN:
9781469605418
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807876596_kamphoefner.10
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

The Epilogue looks at the period that immediately followed the Civil War in America and the challenges the country faced. After the Civil War much remained to be determined about two issues: the ... More


Fitted Up for Freedom: The Material Culture of Refugee Relief

Sarah Jones Weicksel (ed.)

in War Matters: Material Culture in the Civil War Era

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781469643205
eISBN:
9781469643229
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469643205.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

Fugitive slaves made creative use of material goods as they furnished homes in refugee camps in Kentucky, South Carolina, and Virginia. They saved artifacts from the past, some of which they had ... More


Population and Residential Patterns

Darrel E. Bigham

in On Jordan’s Banks: Emancipation and Its Aftermath in the Ohio River Valley

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813123660
eISBN:
9780813134741
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813123660.003.0006
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter examines the population and residential patterns of African Americans on the north shore of the Ohio River after the American Civil War. The war brought unprecedented change to the ... More


Introduction

Catherine A. Stewart

in Long Past Slavery: Representing Race in the Federal Writers' Project

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9781469626260
eISBN:
9781469628295
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469626260.003.0001
Subject:
History, African-American History

This introductory chapter outlines the goals and challenges of the Federal Writers’ Project’s endeavor during the 1930s to collect the ex-slave narratives, and examines a ghost story one ex-slave ... More


The Passing Away of the Old-Time Negro: Folk Culture, Civil War Memory, and Black Authority in the 1930s

Catherine A. Stewart

in Long Past Slavery: Representing Race in the Federal Writers' Project

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9781469626260
eISBN:
9781469628295
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469626260.003.0002
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter places the Federal Writers’ Project’s mission to collect and document African American history and culture within the larger context of the 1930s. National interest in black folk culture ... More


Out of the Mouths of Slaves: The Ex-Slave Project and the “Negro Question”

Catherine A. Stewart

in Long Past Slavery: Representing Race in the Federal Writers' Project

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9781469626260
eISBN:
9781469628295
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469626260.003.0004
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter relates how the Federal Writers’ Project decided to conduct and collect interviews with ex-slaves. It closely examines federal and state directors’ administrative correspondence ... More


The Everybody Who’s Nobody: Black Employees in the Federal Writers’ Project

Catherine A. Stewart

in Long Past Slavery: Representing Race in the Federal Writers' Project

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9781469626260
eISBN:
9781469628295
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469626260.003.0006
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter examines African Americans’ employment within the FWP and the WPA’s Federal Arts Projects by looking at critiques in the Negro Press Digest, a weekly compilation of articles in the black ... More


Follow Me through Florida: Florida’s Negro Writers’ Unit, the Ex-Slave Project, and The Florida Negro

Catherine A. Stewart

in Long Past Slavery: Representing Race in the Federal Writers' Project

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9781469626260
eISBN:
9781469628295
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469626260.003.0008
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter examines the methods African American employees on the Florida Project adopted in order to establish their authority within the Federal Writers’ Project. Florida was one of the earliest ... More


Rewriting the Master(’s) Narrative: Signifying in the Ex-Slave Narratives

Catherine A. Stewart

in Long Past Slavery: Representing Race in the Federal Writers' Project

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9781469626260
eISBN:
9781469628295
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469626260.003.0009
Subject:
History, African-American History

Turning to the ex-slave narrators,this chapterdemonstrates how they employed African American oral traditions like signifying to create counter-narratives of black history and identity. This chapter ... More


Epilogue: Freedom Dreams: The Last Generation

Catherine A. Stewart

in Long Past Slavery: Representing Race in the Federal Writers' Project

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9781469626260
eISBN:
9781469628295
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469626260.003.0010
Subject:
History, African-American History

The concluding chapter offers a powerful summary of the ex-slaves’ relationship to history and also looks at what happened to the central figures involved with the Federal Writers’ Project, including ... More


Freedom and Deference: Society, Antislavery, and Black Intellectualism

Elisa Tamarkin

in Anglophilia: Deference, Devotion, and Antebellum America

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226789446
eISBN:
9780226789439
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226789439.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, American, 19th Century Literature

This chapter looks at the Anglicization of antislavery and how black abolitionists refashioned themselves as “Englishmen,” touring Britain with copies of Jane Macaulay, while seeking out the very ... More


Freedom: A Documentary History of Emancipation, 1861–1867: Series 3, Volume 2: Land and Labor, 1866-1867

Rene Hayden, Anthony E. Kaye, and Kate Masur (eds)

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9781469607429
eISBN:
9781469611099
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9781469611099_Hayden
Subject:
History, African-American History

This book examines the remaking of the South's labor system in the tumultuous aftermath of emancipation. Using documents selected from the National Archives, this volume depicts the struggle of ... More


Slaves and the Great Deliverer: Freedom and Friendship behind Union Lines

Gregory P. Downs

in Declarations of Dependence: The Long Reconstruction of Popular Politics in the South, 1861-1908

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807834442
eISBN:
9781469603407
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807877760_downs.5
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter discusses the events after the Confederate surrender at Appomattox. A “dispatch boat, with drooping flag shrouded in mourning” carried the news of Abraham Lincoln's assassination to the ... More


The Militarization of Freedom

Carole Emberton

in Beyond Redemption: Race, Violence, and the American South after the Civil War

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226024271
eISBN:
9780226024301
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226024301.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter explores the vision of martial manhood that can be seen from an ex-slave’s transformation. Martial manhood played a significant role in the redemptive narrative of the Civil War, ... More


The Law Is Final, Excellent Sir: Slave Law, Gender, and Gradual Emancipation

Camillia Cowling

in Conceiving Freedom: Women of Color, Gender, and the Abolition of Slavery in Havana and Rio de Janeiro

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9781469610870
eISBN:
9781469611808
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469610870.003.0003
Subject:
History, Latin American History

This chapter begins with the words, “The law is final, excellent sir.” With these words, Ramona Oliva's petition claimed freedom for her five children from her former owner, Manuel Oliva. The ... More


Enforcing Free Labor

René Hayden

in Freedom: A Documentary History of Emancipation, 1861–1867: Series 3, Volume 2: Land and Labor, 1866-1867

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9781469607429
eISBN:
9781469611099
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469607429.003.0002
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter looks at the time period of the story told in this book, starting in 1886 and 1867. Throughout those years, the rules that determined the South's nascent free-labor system was in ... More


Possession and Dispossession

René Hayden

in Freedom: A Documentary History of Emancipation, 1861–1867: Series 3, Volume 2: Land and Labor, 1866-1867

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9781469607429
eISBN:
9781469611099
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469607429.003.0003
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter considers issues relating to possessions at the end of the Civil War. After the Civil War, former slaves and Northerners both expected some redistribution of the defeated rebels ... More


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