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Alessandro Minelli

in Perspectives in Animal Phylogeny and Evolution

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780198566205
eISBN:
9780191713866
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566205.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Reconstructing phylogeny is but a step in our enquiry on the evolution animal form and function. Features representing key innovations result, as a rule, from the successful combination of a number ... More


Mutation, Randomness, and Evolution

Arlin Stoltzfus

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780198844457
eISBN:
9780191880063
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198844457.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

Mutation, Randomness, and Evolution presents a new understanding of how the course of evolution may reflect biases in variation and unites key concerns of molecular and microbial evolution, evo-devo, ... More


Adaptive Landscapes and Macroevolutionary Dynamics

Thomas F. Hansen

in The Adaptive Landscape in Evolutionary Biology

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199595372
eISBN:
9780191774799
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199595372.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter starts out with a review of what is known about the potential for evolutionary change, the strength and pattern of selection on phenotypic traits, and rates of evolution and adaptation. ... More


Complexity and Open-Ended Evolution

Wolfgang Banzhaf and Lidia Yamamoto

in Artificial Chemistries

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780262029438
eISBN:
9780262329460
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029438.003.0008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Despite tremendous progress in recent years, artificial systems still lag behind their natural counterparts in their ability to bring about unbounded novelty and complexity via evolution. The search ... More


Elements of an Extended Evolutionary Synthesis

Massimo Pigliucci and Gerd B. Müller

in Evolution—the Extended Synthesis

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262513678
eISBN:
9780262315142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262513678.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This book reviews the directions that contribute to an Extended Synthesis. It deals with the significant advances in the understanding of the tightly linked ideas (in the Modern Synthesis [MS]) of ... More


Evolution of Evolvability

Günter P. Wagner and Jeremy Draghi

in Evolution—the Extended Synthesis

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262513678
eISBN:
9780262315142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262513678.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter offers an essay on the evolution of evolvability. It investigates the most frequently cited arguments against the possibility that the evolution of evolvability might be the result of ... More


Evolvability Reconsidered

Kim Sterelny

in The Major Transitions in Evolution Revisited

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015240
eISBN:
9780262295703
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015240.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter connects the major transitions to evolvability and its evolution. It reviews a three-pulse model of the conditions that make the evolution of complexity possible. It specifically ... More


Origin of Life and Lattice Artificial Chemistry

Naoaki Ono, Duraid Madina, and Takashi Ikegami

in Protocells: Bridging Nonliving and Living Matter

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262182683
eISBN:
9780262282093
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262182683.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Microbiology

Constructive biology aims to artificially construct a system that does not exist in nature but that has some biological features. The construction of a replicating system with compartments, for ... More


The neurogenetic factors: Offline Brain Systems

Denis Bouchard

in The Nature and Origin of Language

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199681624
eISBN:
9780191761584
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199681624.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

Offline Brain Systems. Some neurobiological properties of human brains differ from those of the brains of closely related species, allowing us to uncover what evolution did to ... More


The Problem of the Evolvability of Gene Regulation Networks

Roger Sansom

in Ingenious Genes: How Gene Regulation Networks Evolve to Control Development

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262195812
eISBN:
9780262298209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262195812.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter discusses the superb engineering of organisms, which was the foundation of the argument from design for the existence of God. This argument was most famously presented by the natural ... More


The Connectionist Framework for Gene Regulation

Roger Sansom

in Ingenious Genes: How Gene Regulation Networks Evolve to Control Development

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262195812
eISBN:
9780262298209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262195812.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter discusses the adaptivity of a gene regulation network to be determined by the proportion of times that it reacts adaptively to its microenvironment. A gene regulation network is accurate ... More


The Origin of Higher Taxa: Palaeobiological, developmental, and ecological perspectives

T.S. Kemp

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780199691883
eISBN:
9780191807565
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691883.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The book addresses the rarely discussed question of how new higher taxa such as orders, classes, and phyla evolve. There are two focal issues: how the tight functional integration amongst the parts ... More


Beyond individual projects: University spin-offs

Carla Simone, Ina Wagner, Claudia Müller, Anne Weibert, and Volker Wulf

in Future-proofing: Making Practice-Based IT Design Sustainable

Published in print:
2022
Published Online:
March 2022
ISBN:
9780198862505
eISBN:
9780191895326
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198862505.003.0010
Subject:
Computer Science, Computer Architecture and Logic Design, Human-Computer Interaction

The creation of university spin-offs (USOs) is a much-discussed strategy regarding future-proofing a technology or design idea. Ximes started from a series of projects supporting time scheduling of ... More


The nature of organisms

T.S. Kemp

in The Origin of Higher Taxa: Palaeobiological, developmental, and ecological perspectives

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780199691883
eISBN:
9780191807565
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691883.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter considers three models which make different respective assumptions about the nature of organisms and therefore entail different resolutions to the evolvability paradox with different ... More


Self-organization

Stuart P. Wilson

in Living machines: A handbook of research in biomimetics and biohybrid systems

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780199674923
eISBN:
9780191842702
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199674923.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Development

Self-organization describes a dynamic in a system whereby local interactions between individuals collectively yield global order, i.e. spatial patterns unobservable in their entirety to the ... More


Multilocus evolution

Glenn-Peter Sætre and Mark Ravinet

in Evolutionary Genetics: Concepts, Analysis, and Practice

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780198830917
eISBN:
9780191868993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198830917.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

Most phenotypic traits are affected by a multitude of genes, which may interact in complex ways. This means that the single locus model explored in chapters 3 and 4 is not always able to capture the ... More


Theorems of Natural Selection: Results of Price, Fisher, and Robertson

Bruce Walsh and Michael Lynch

in Evolution and Selection of Quantitative Traits

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780198830870
eISBN:
9780191868986
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198830870.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This chapter reviews a number of “theorems” of natural selection. These include exact results (true mathematical theorems): the Robertson-Price identity, Price's general expression for any form of ... More


Evolution of Facial Musculature

Rui Diogo and Sharlene E. Santana

in The Science of Facial Expression

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780190613501
eISBN:
9780190613525
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190613501.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

We review the origin and evolution of the facial musculature of mammals and pay special attention to the complex relationships between facial musculature, color patterns, mobility, and social group ... More


Principles of Development and Evolution

Mary Jane West-Eberhard

in Developmental Plasticity and Evolution

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195122343
eISBN:
9780197561300
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195122343.003.0012
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Palaeontology: Earth Sciences

So far, I have outlined the general properties of phenotypes, shown how they relate to development, and presented a model of adaptive evolution based on ... More


Corporate Becoming and Strategic Leadership

Robert A. Burgelman

in Becoming Hewlett Packard: Why Strategic Leadership Matters

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780190640446
eISBN:
9780190640477
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190640446.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter highlights corporate becoming, an open-ended ongoing process for which there is no grand ex ante plan possible and which unfolds through a series of transformations in the course of the ... More


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