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Introduction

Sacha Stern

in Calendars in Antiquity: Empires, States, and Societies

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199589449
eISBN:
9780191746178
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589449.003.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE

This introductory chapter presents a summary of the book's argument, a definition of ‘calendar’, an account of the scope of the work, a survey of the sources, a discussion of methodology, and a brief ... More


The Law

Ekkehart Schlicht

in On Custom in the Economy

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292241
eISBN:
9780191596865
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292244.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics, History of Economic Thought

The law is closely related to custom. It may be understood as brought about by the same tendencies that bring about custom. The tension between natural law and legal positivism may be understood in ... More


Schumpeter's Plea for Reasoned History

Chris Freeman and Francisco Louçã

in As Time Goes By: From the Industrial Revolutions to the Information Revolution

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199251056
eISBN:
9780191596278
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251053.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

The chapter summarizes some of the main characteristics of Schumpeter's evolutionism, discussing his own evolution in some detail, since the early days of the Methodenstreit between Menger and ... More


Profile and Agenda of ANiS

Johannes Quack

in Disenchanting India: Organized Rationalism and Criticism of Religion in India

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199812608
eISBN:
9780199919406
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199812608.003.0013
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

This chapter analyses the way in which epistemological and moral arguments co-constitute the official ANiS agenda. The rationalists’ agenda features what Charles Taylor called “exclusive humanism” ... More


The Medical Approach

Ruth Harris

in Murders and Madness: Medicine, Law, and Society in the Fin de Siècle

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198202592
eISBN:
9780191675430
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198202592.003.0002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The impact of medical knowledge was multifaceted, and was to some extent obscured even to contemporary participants. This chapter pays attention to the content of medical ideas and their impact on ... More


Towards an Institutional History of the Mishpatim

Bernard S. Jackson

in Wisdom-Laws: A Study of the Mishpatim of Exodus 21:1–22:16

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198269311
eISBN:
9780191683596
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198269311.003.0013
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies, Judaism

This chapter reviews the evidence of both the Mishpatim and external sources on which the model of ‘wisdom-laws’ is based, and locates it within an outline history of dispute-resolution processes. ... More


The Passing of the Shee: John Millington Synge

Sinéad Garrigan Mattar

in Primitivism, Science, and the Irish Revival

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199268955
eISBN:
9780191710148
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199268955.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

John Millington Synge incorporated the constructions of man's place in nature, that came to him from extensive reading in comparative science, into a primitivism which relied instinctively upon the ... More


Anthropology among the Powers

Eric R. Wolf

in Pathways of Power: Building an Anthropology of the Modern World

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520223332
eISBN:
9780520924871
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520223332.003.0006
Subject:
Anthropology, Anthropology, Theory and Practice

Anthropology at its best is analytic, comparative, integrative, and critical, all at the same time. This chapter is concerned with anthropology in relation to society and culture, and discusses ways ... More


Sidgwick and the Later Victorians

J. B. Schneewind

in Sidgwick's Ethics and Victorian Moral Philosophy

Published in print:
1986
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198249313
eISBN:
9780191598357
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198249314.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

In the latter part of his life, Sidgwick critiqued two schools of thought: the evolutional and the idealistic. He viewed these as two types of ethical thought moving away from his own. Bradley’s ... More


In Lady Audley's Shadow: Mary Elizabeth Braddon and Victorian Literary Genres

Saverio Tomaiuolo

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748641154
eISBN:
9780748651665
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748641154.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

This book is devoted to Mary Elizabeth Braddon’s complex relationship with the three main Victorian literary genres: the Gothic, the Detective and the Realist novel. Using Braddon’s bestselling ... More


Tychism & Evolution

Vincent G. Potter

in Charles S. Peirce: On Norms and Ideals

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780823217090
eISBN:
9780823284733
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823217090.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, American Philosophy

This concluding chapter looks at Charles S. Pierce's remark that Charles Darwin's ideas must inevitably kill mechanical philosophy. According to him, Darwin's theory—nourished by positive ... More


Witches, Anarchism, and Evolutionism: Stanislaw Przybyszewski’s fin-de-siècle Satanism and the Demonic Feminine

Per Faxneld

in The Devil’s Party: Satanism in Modernity

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199779239
eISBN:
9780199979646
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199779239.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

This chapter presents the Satanism propagated by the Decadent author Stanislaw Przybyszewski (1868–1927), and interprets the role women play in it. Unlike other literary Satanists, Przybyszewski's ... More


Ahad Ha'am's Theory of Culture Revised

in Aesthetics of Renewal: Martin Buber's Early Representation of Hasidism as Kulturkritik

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226842707
eISBN:
9780226842738
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226842738.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

Buber regarded himself a disciple of Ahad Ha'am, whom he hailed as “the deepest thinker of Jewish rebirth,” preferring to associate him generally with rebirth rather than with the more specific ... More


Afterword

Marwa Elshakry

in Reading Darwin in Arabic, 1860-1950

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780226001302
eISBN:
9780226001449
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226001449.003.0009
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The afterword reflects briefly on the reasons for the continued decline of Darwin’s appeal among Arabic readers after the second World War. Explaining this in terms of broad social, political and ... More


Wallace's Evolutionary Philosophy

in An Elusive Victorian: The Evolution of Alfred Russel Wallace

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226246130
eISBN:
9780226246154
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226246154.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter focuses on the fact that the evolutionary philosophy of Wallace was central to his life and career and his philosophical interests have not been accorded the full recognition they ... More


How Fundamentalist were British Brethren during the 1920s?

Tim Grass

in Evangelicalism and Fundamentalism in the United Kingdom during the Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199664832
eISBN:
9780191765391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199664832.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity, Religious Studies

This essay challenges the idea that British Brethren were uniformly fundamentalist. Brethren did not all relate to the fundamentalist movement in the same way; even the more sympathetic qualified ... More


Epilogue

Patricia de Santana Pinho

in Mapping Diaspora: African American Roots Tourism in Brazil

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9781469645322
eISBN:
9781469645346
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469645322.003.0007
Subject:
History, African-American History

The book concludes by reflecting on Brazil’s current political crisis, following the institutional coup d’état that ousted Dilma Rousseff, the country’s first female president. The epilogue discusses ... More


Introduction: Anthropology, History, and Doubt

Timothy Larsen

in The Slain God: Anthropologists and the Christian Faith

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199657872
eISBN:
9780191785573
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199657872.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion, Theology

This introduction sets out the basic themes of the relationship between anthropological evidence and theory and the Christian faith. It situates this study in the context of British social ... More


Science, Scientism, and Evolution

Michael L. Peterson

in C. S. Lewis and the Christian Worldview

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
March 2020
ISBN:
9780190201111
eISBN:
9780190065409
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190201111.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Literature, Theology

This chapter discusses some themes to which Lewis returned often because they reflect philosophical errors that are still influential in culture—science and scientism, evolution and evolutionism. ... More


Party, Society, and the State: 1886–1914

Angus Hawkins

in Victorian Political Culture: 'Habits of Heart and Mind'

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
June 2015
ISBN:
9780198728481
eISBN:
9780191795336
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198728481.003.0010
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Political History

The 1886 Liberal schism over Irish Home Rule revealed the changes in national politics. The parliamentary Reforms in 1832, 1867, and 1884–5 showed differing values informing political behaviour. The ... More


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