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Darwinian Renaissance

Jan Sapp

in Genesis: The Evolution of Biology

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195156195
eISBN:
9780199790340
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156195.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter discusses the emergence of evolutionary synthesis. Evolutionary synthesis — the coming together of naturalists and geneticists concerning Darwinism and Mendelism — happened in the 1930s ... More


The Dialectics of Dis/Unity in the Evolutionary Synthesis and Its Extensions

Werner Callebaut

in Evolution—the Extended Synthesis

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262513678
eISBN:
9780262315142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262513678.003.0017
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter proposes a dialectical solution and reviews the history of the Evolutionary Synthesis, drawing some morals to inform the current debate about its extension. It also considers the ... More


Conceptual Understanding in Light of Evolution

Joseph Rouse

in Articulating the World: Conceptual Understanding and the Scientific Image

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226293677
eISBN:
9780226293707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226293707.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Naturalistic accounts of language and conceptual capacities more generally have heretofore been guided by the neo-Darwinian evolutionary synthesis. Niche construction and other aspects of an ... More


The Initiator of the Evolutionary Synthesis: Historians and Scientists Weigh In

in Shaping Science with Rhetoric: The Cases of Dobzhansky, Schrodinger, and Wilson

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226099064
eISBN:
9780226099088
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226099088.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

A study of the history of ideas during this period shows that the differences in scientific approach between these two groups paralleled a difference in commitment to particular evolutionary ... More


Race and the Evolutionary Synthesis

Michael Yudell and J. Craig Venter

in Race Unmasked: Biology and Race in the Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231168748
eISBN:
9780231537995
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231168748.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

The combination of experimental genetics, theoretical population genetics, and natural history produces an evolutionary synthesis in biology. This chapter shows how this synthesis resolved various ... More


Evolution: The art of nature

Nathan Lyons

in Signs in the Dust: A Theory of Natural Culture and Cultural Nature

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780190941260
eISBN:
9780190941291
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190941260.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter takes up the Extended Evolutionary Synthesis in order to empirically enrich the nature-culture theory developed thus far. It considers three themes in the EES—phenotypic plasticity, ... More


Toward a Synthesis: Wallace's Theistic Evolutionary Teleology

in An Elusive Victorian: The Evolution of Alfred Russel Wallace

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226246130
eISBN:
9780226246154
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226246154.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter focuses on those aspects of Wallace's evolutionary synthesis that provide a case study for examining the role of theistic beliefs as one component in shaping the formation of Victorian ... More


Toward a New Macroevolutionary Synthesis

David Sepkoski

in Rereading the Fossil Record: The Growth of Paleobiology as an Evolutionary Discipline

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226748559
eISBN:
9780226748580
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226748580.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Paleontology: Biology

This chapter explores the mechanisms of macroevolutionary synthesis and paleobiological contributions to it. The paleobiological revolution is effectively completed, though in a qualified sense, if ... More


Moving on

Arlin Stoltzfus

in Mutation, Randomness, and Evolution

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780198844457
eISBN:
9780191880063
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198844457.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

Chapter 10 includes a synopsis of key points from previous chapters as well as reflections on changing explananda, notions of causation, and the importance of identifying testable theories. The ... More


Natural Selection, Adaptation, and the Recovery of Development

David J. Depew

in Challenging the Modern Synthesis: Adaptation, Development, and Inheritance

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780199377176
eISBN:
9780199377190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199377176.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, General

This chapter begins by contrasting Spencer’s view of natural selection with Darwin’s understanding of its “paramount power.” Darwin’s interpretation contains seeds of a defining mark of the modern ... More


A Text Rhetorically Designed to Unite Competing Fields

in Shaping Science with Rhetoric: The Cases of Dobzhansky, Schrodinger, and Wilson

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226099064
eISBN:
9780226099088
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226099088.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter discusses some of the rhetorical maneuvers that can be discovered through a study of Dobzhansky's text in its social and intellectual context. The tools that Dobzhansky used to amplify ... More


Epigenetic Innovation

Gerd B. Müller

in Evolution—the Extended Synthesis

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262513678
eISBN:
9780262315142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262513678.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter deals with the role of development in the generation of phenotypic innovation, and outlines the conceptual contributions of the innovation approach to an extended evolutionary synthesis. ... More


Hierarchy Theory and the Extended Synthesis Debate

Telmo Pievani

in Evolutionary Theory: A Hierarchical Perspective

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226426051
eISBN:
9780226426198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226426198.003.0022
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

In the closing remarks we propose a theoretical watermark that connects all the chapters of this volume. After a short summary about Eldredge’s twin hierarchies as a possible unifying frame for ... More


Multilevel Selection and Major Transitions

David Sloan Wilson

in Evolution—the Extended Synthesis

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262513678
eISBN:
9780262315142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262513678.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter reviews the debate on group selection, a concept that has experienced vertiginous ups and downs since the 1960s, and brings it up to modern standards within the broader context of ... More


Naturalism and the Scientific Image

Joseph Rouse

in Articulating the World: Conceptual Understanding and the Scientific Image

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226293677
eISBN:
9780226293707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226293707.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Naturalists have at least three core commitments: refusing appeals to what is supernatural or transcendent to nature; making scientific understanding central to philosophical understanding; and ... More


Other Emerging Genres of Synthesis: From the Fabulaic to the Foundational

Nasser Zakariya

in A Final Story: Science, Myth, and Beginnings

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780226476124
eISBN:
9780226500737
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226500737.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter begins to trace the development of contributions of fabulaic, foundational, and historical genres in relation to a universal historical synthesis. Harlow Shapley and George Gamow play a ... More


The Morphological Tradition in German Paleontology: Otto Jaekel, Walter Zimmermann, and Otto Schmdewolf

Manfred D. Laubichler and Karl J. Niklas

in The Paleobiological Revolution: Essays on the Growth of Modern Paleontology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226748610
eISBN:
9780226748597
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226748597.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Paleontology: Biology

This chapter examines the important morphological tradition in German paleontology. It suggests that the pluralistic and biologically oriented German paleontology both predated and anticipated many ... More


Phenotypic Plasticity

Massimo Pigliucci

in Evolution—the Extended Synthesis

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262513678
eISBN:
9780262315142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262513678.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter addresses the possible role of phenotypic plasticity in macroevolution. It analyzes how evolutionary biologists are now using the concept of plasticity to expand the horizons of the ... More


Setting the Scene

Jonathan B. Edelmann

in Hindu Theology and Biology: The Bhagavata Purana and Contemporary Theory

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199641543
eISBN:
9780191732232
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199641543.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism, Religious Studies

Introduces the Bhāgavata Purāṇa and its commentarial tradition as seen within the context of traditional Indian thought and modern Indological studies, highlighting the specific theological and ... More


Introduction

Ben Bradley

in Darwin's Psychology

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198708216
eISBN:
9780191873799
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198708216.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

Twentieth-century psychology took a modernist form, giving Darwin’s approach to agency an unscientific look. Meanwhile, twentieth-century biologists were reconstructing evolutionary theory to ... More


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