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Mental health and well-being: clinical applications of Darwinian psychiatry

Alfonso Troisi

in Applied Evolutionary Psychology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199586073
eISBN:
9780191731358
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586073.003.0017
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter deals with those activities that clinicians exert in their everyday practice and that people suffering from mental disorders expect to progress at a fast pace: diagnosis, therapy, and ... More


Applying evolutionary psychology

S. Craig Roberts

in Applied Evolutionary Psychology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199586073
eISBN:
9780191731358
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586073.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology, Developmental Psychology

The chapter highlights the growing influence of evolutionary perspectives on psychology and social studies in general. It distinguishes the approaches of mainstream and evolutionary psychology based ... More


Contemporary Mainstream Epidemiologic Theory: Biomedical and Lifestyle

Nancy Krieger

in Epidemiology and the People’s Health: Theory and Context

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195383874
eISBN:
9780199893607
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195383874.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Chapter 5 critically analyzes the biomedical and lifestyle approaches dominating epidemiologic theorizing and research since the mid-20th century. Tracing the origins of the term “biomedicine,” it ... More


Evolutionary Versus Racial Medicine: Why it Matters

Joseph L. Graves

in Race and the Genetic Revolution: Science, Myth, and Culture

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231156974
eISBN:
9780231527699
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231156974.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

This chapter examines the fallacies of racialized medicine, and how an evolutionary approach to medicine can contribute toward the elimination of health disparities. Racialized medicine begins with ... More


Introduction

Michael L. Power and Jay Schulkin

in Integrating Evolutionary Biology into Medical Education: for maternal and child healthcare students, clinicians, and scientists

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
February 2020
ISBN:
9780198814153
eISBN:
9780191851803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198814153.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Developmental Biology

Evolutionary medicine is an integrative discipline, combining the fields of evolutionary biology, experimental research, and clinical medicine. Contributors to the field of evolutionary medicine ... More


A Vision of Unity over All Diversity

Paul U. Unschuld

in What Is Medicine?: Western and Eastern Approaches to Healing

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520257658
eISBN:
9780520944701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257658.003.0099
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

The world of today is at the forefront of development. The past has shown that there is first a model image and then a body image. Now, the two images fit together like mirror images. The new image ... More


Motivational mismatch: evolved motives as the source of—and solution to—global public health problems

Valerie Curtis and Robert Aunger

in Applied Evolutionary Psychology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199586073
eISBN:
9780191731358
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586073.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology, Developmental Psychology

While public health in most countries of the world is better now than it has ever been, a huge burden of preventable disease still remains: our behaviour does not seem to match our knowledge. In this ... More


Integrating Evolutionary Biology into Medical Education: for maternal and child healthcare students, clinicians, and scientists

Jay Schulkin and Michael Power (eds)

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
February 2020
ISBN:
9780198814153
eISBN:
9780191851803
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198814153.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Developmental Biology

Clinicians and scientists are increasingly recognising the importance of an evolutionary perspective in studying the aetiology, prevention, and treatment of human disease; the growing prominence of ... More


Women’s Health at the Crossroads of Evolution and Epidemiology

Chris Reiber

in Evolution's Empress: Darwinian Perspectives on the Nature of Women

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199892747
eISBN:
9780199332786
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199892747.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

The burgeoning field of women’s health is rapidly advancing the understanding of proximate reproductive biology, physiology, and mechanisms of reproductive diseases and disorders. Beneath the ... More


Evolution, Medicine, and Society

Peter Gluckman, Alan Beedle, Tatjana Buklijas, Felicia Low, and Mark Hanson

in Principles of Evolutionary Medicine

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780199663927
eISBN:
9780191823206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199663927.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Evolutionary biology inspires strong responses because it contests myths of human creation and origins, and takes a biological view of human nature. Darwin’s theory of evolution by natural selection ... More


Ecological Rationality and Evolutionary Medicine: A Bridge to Medical Education

Shabnam Mousavi and Jay Schulkin

in Integrating Evolutionary Biology into Medical Education: for maternal and child healthcare students, clinicians, and scientists

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
February 2020
ISBN:
9780198814153
eISBN:
9780191851803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198814153.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Developmental Biology

A notion of rationality represents a structure that can be used to explain, evaluate, and recommend a certain course of action. Full rationality, independent of context, builds such a structure based ... More


Nighttime Nurturing: An Evolutionary Perspective on Breastfeeding and Sleep

Helen L. Ball and Charlotte K. Russell

in Evolution, Early Experience and Human Development: From Research to Practice and Policy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199755059
eISBN:
9780199979479
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755059.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

Consideration of the phylogenetic depth and cross-cultural breadth of mother–infant biology and behavior illuminates contemporary infant care. Three key “ancestral environments” (AEs) have defined ... More


An Evolutionary View of Homeostasis: Bioenergetics, Life History Theory, and Responses to Pregnancy

Robert Perlman

in Integrating Evolutionary Biology into Medical Education: for maternal and child healthcare students, clinicians, and scientists

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
February 2020
ISBN:
9780198814153
eISBN:
9780191851803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198814153.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Developmental Biology

Physiologists and evolutionary biologists have traditionally investigated different but complementary aspects of biological phenomena. Homeostasis, the maintenance of approximately constant ... More


The “EvoS Effect”: The Influence of Evolutionary Training on Critical Thinking Skills

Richard A. Kauffman, Ian F. MacDonald, and David Sloan Wilson

in Darwin's Roadmap to the Curriculum: Evolutionary Studies in Higher Education

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780190624965
eISBN:
9780190051679
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190624965.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

Fostering higher-order cognitive skills (e.g., critical thinking and knowledge transfer) are oft-cited goals in education, but students do not acquire these skills as much as they could and should. ... More


Darwin's Roadmap to the Curriculum: Evolutionary Studies in Higher Education

Glenn Geher, David Sloan Wilson, Hadassah Head, and Andrew Gallup (eds)

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780190624965
eISBN:
9780190051679
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190624965.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

This book integrates the vast literature in the interdisciplinary field of Evolutionary Studies (EvoS), providing clear examples of how evolutionary concepts relate to all facets of life. It provides ... More


Darwinian-Inspired Curricula: The EvoS Revolution in Higher Education

Glenn Geher, David Sloan Wilson, Andrew C. Gallup, Hadassah Mativetsky, and Richard H. Holler

in Darwin's Roadmap to the Curriculum: Evolutionary Studies in Higher Education

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780190624965
eISBN:
9780190051679
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190624965.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

Since the advent of the first interdisciplinary Evolutionary Studies (EvoS) programs at Binghamton University and the State University of New York at New Paltz, students across disciplines have been ... More


Cancer from an Evolutionary Perspective

Anya Plutynski

in Explaining Cancer: Finding Order in Disorder

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780199967452
eISBN:
9780190878474
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199967452.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

In this chapter, my goals are threefold. First, I give a taxonomy of evolutionary explanations of cancer, illustrating distinct types with case studies of explanations of cancer’s origins and ... More


Detecting and understanding natural selection

Maria Anisimova and David A. Liberles

in Codon Evolution: Mechanisms and Models

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199601165
eISBN:
9780191810114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199601165.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Natural selection plays an important role in the phenotypic variation. In recent years, codon models have found widespread use in the detection of selection. This chapter focuses on the phenomenon of ... More


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