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Microeconomic Theory: A Concise Course

James Bergin

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199280292
eISBN:
9780191602498
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199280290.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

Covers a standard range of topics in microeconomics theory. These include decision theory, strategic and extensive form games, the economics of information, bargaining, principal agent problems, ... More


The Group Selection Controversy

Samir Okasha

in Evolution and the Levels of Selection

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199267972
eISBN:
9780191708275
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267972.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter examines the notorious issue of group selection in behavioural ecology, one of the mainstays of the traditional levels of selection debate. The history of the group selection controversy ... More


RATIONALITY AND EVOLUTION

Peter. Danielson

in The Oxford Handbook of Rationality

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195145397
eISBN:
9780199752393
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195145399.003.0022
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Rationality and evolution are apparently quite different, applying, respectively, to the acts of complex, well-informed individuals and to populations of what may be mindlessly simple entities. So it ... More


Game Theory without Rationality

Paul Erickson

in The World the Game theorists Made

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226097039
eISBN:
9780226097206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226097206.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In the 1970s game theory made several appearances in evolutionary biology that led to enduring theoretical traditions within the field – most notably, the concept of an “evolutionarily stable ... More


Self-Expression

Mitchell S. Green

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199283781
eISBN:
9780191712548
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199283781.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Language

This book offers a general theory of expressive behavior, including but not limited to such behavior as it occurs in our own species. At the core of the project is the thesis that self-expression is ... More


Social selection

Graham Bell

in Selection: The Mechanism of Evolution

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780198569725
eISBN:
9780191717741
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569725.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Selection is often generated by interaction with other organisms: neighbours, partners, or antagonists. The force and direction of selection in these social contexts is very generally influenced by ... More


Cooperate with Equals: A Simple Heuristic for Social Exchange

Tim Johnson and Oleg Smirnov

in Simple Heuristics in a Social World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195388435
eISBN:
9780199950089
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388435.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

The chapter shows that a simple heuristic, which directs cooperation toward economic equals and defects on other individuals, facilitates cooperation in social environments where individuals engage ... More


Normative Ethics

Joseph Heath

in Following the Rules: Practical Reasoning and Deontic Constraint

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195370294
eISBN:
9780199871230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195370294.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This final chapter presents some general guidelines for thinking about the structure of our reasoning about norms. It begins with a dismissal of a purely evolutionary perspective on the contents of ... More


Social Functions of Knowledge Attributions

James R. Beebe

in Knowledge Ascriptions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199693702
eISBN:
9780191741265
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693702.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Drawing upon work in experimental philosophy and evolutionary game theory, the chapter argues that one of the roles the concept of knowledge plays in our social cognitive ecology is that of enabling ... More


Coordination Dilemmas and The Critical Mass Problem: Differentiating Colleague Valuation Between Incumbents and Challengers in the U.S. Senate

Kristin Kanthak

in The Diversity Paradox: Parties, Legislatures, and the Organizational Foundations of Representation in America

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199891726
eISBN:
9780199933433
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199891726.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Chapter 5 explores the reasons behind, and potential solutions for, asymmetric tokenism. The chapter shows that minority group members face a coordination problem when their group size grows to a ... More


Evolutionary Games in Natural, Social, and Virtual Worlds

Daniel Friedman and Barry Sinervo

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780199981151
eISBN:
9780190466657
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199981151.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

This book’s goal is to introduce evolutionary game theory to applied researchers in a manner accessible to graduate students and advanced undergraduates in biology, economics, engineering, and allied ... More


Cultural Evolution with Social Categories

Cailin O'Connor

in The Origins of Unfairness: Social Categories and Cultural Evolution

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780198789970
eISBN:
9780191880124
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198789970.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter looks at evolutionary models capable of representing the emergence of conventions between actors in different social groups. From a starting point of uncoordinated behavior, groups move ... More


Evolutionary Considerations in the Framing of Social Norms

Kevin J. S. Zollman

in Social Dynamics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199652822
eISBN:
9780191779367
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199652822.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter aims to illustrate evolutionary explanations for the emergence of framing effects, discussed in detail in Cristina Bicchieri’s The Grammar of Society. It shows how framing effects might ... More


The Evolution of Gender

Cailin O'Connor

in The Origins of Unfairness: Social Categories and Cultural Evolution

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780198789970
eISBN:
9780191880124
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198789970.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter does two things. The first is to use the evolutionary framework developed to explain a particular feature of the gendered division of labor—that some aspects of it seem conventional, and ... More


Evolutionary Dynamics of Collective Action in N-person Stag Hunt Dilemmas

Jorge M. Pacheco, Francisco C. Santos, and Max O. Souza

in Social Dynamics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199652822
eISBN:
9780191779367
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199652822.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

In the animal world, collective action to shelter, protect, and nourish requires the cooperation of group members. Among humans, many situations require the simultaneous cooperation of more than two ... More


Power and the Evolution of Inequity

Cailin O'Connor

in The Origins of Unfairness: Social Categories and Cultural Evolution

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780198789970
eISBN:
9780191880124
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198789970.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

The chapter starts with an introduction of the primary paradigm used in this half of the book—the bargaining game. It uses this model to show why in groups with social categories fairness in ... More


Animal Conflict

Richard Mcelreath and Robert Boyd

in Mathematical Models of Social Evolution: A Guide for the Perplexed

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226558264
eISBN:
9780226558288
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226558288.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Resources are often scarce, and scarcity often leads to conflict. The form of conflict ranges from subtle supplants in which one animal departs at the other's approach to escalated fights in which ... More


Power, Bargaining, and Collaboration

Justin Bruner and Cailin O’Connor

in Scientific Collaboration and Collective Knowledge: New Essays

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780190680534
eISBN:
9780190680565
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190680534.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Collaboration is increasingly popular across academia. Collaborative work raises certain ethical questions, however. How will the fruits of collaboration be divided? How will academics divide ... More


The Cultural Red Queen and the Cultural Red King

Cailin O'Connor

in The Origins of Unfairness: Social Categories and Cultural Evolution

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780198789970
eISBN:
9780191880124
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198789970.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

When cultural groups evolve, or adapt, at different rates, or more generally show asymmetric levels of reactivity towards each other, we can observe a cultural Red King effect. This occurs when a ... More


The Evolution of Household Bargaining

Cailin O'Connor

in The Origins of Unfairness: Social Categories and Cultural Evolution

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780198789970
eISBN:
9780191880124
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198789970.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter first presents an explicitly evolutionary model of the emergence of coordination in modern households. The chapter shows why certain conditions might favor market labor for one gender ... More


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