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Natural Justice

Ken Binmore

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195178111
eISBN:
9780199783670
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178111.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This book attempts to create an evolutionary theory of fairness. Sharing food is commonplace in the animal kingdom because it insures animals that share against hunger. Anthropologists report that ... More


Moral Science

Ken Binmore

in Natural Justice

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195178111
eISBN:
9780199783670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178111.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter presents an overview of the book. It argues that the metaphysical approach to ethics is a failure and that the time has come to take a scientific view of morality. A social contract is ... More


The Evolutionary Ethics of Alfred C. Kinsey

Frederick B. Churchill

in Scientific Values and Civic Virtues

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195172256
eISBN:
9780199835546
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195172256.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

As a student of William Morton Wheeler, Kinsey made his first contributions to biology, and adapted the taxonomic methods he had used in research on gall wasps to the study of human sexuality. The ... More


The Limits of Evolutionary Ethics

Jesse J. Prinz

in The Emotional Construction of Morals

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199571543
eISBN:
9780191702075
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571543.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Friedrich Nietzsche's ethical theory has two components: one negative, the other positive. The negative component is his genealogical program. Its primary function is critical and destructive. ... More


The Land Ethic and the Science of Ethics: In the Light of Evolutionary Moral Psychology

J. Baird Callicott

in Thinking Like a Planet: The Land Ethic and the Earth Ethic

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199324880
eISBN:
9780199347285
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199324880.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Moral Philosophy

Thanks to the Is-Ought dogma and the tyranny of Logical Positivism, mainstream 20th-century moral philosophers remained militantly ignorant of the twentieth-century science of ethics, except to ... More


Is Human Morality Innate ?

Richard Joyce

in The Innate Mind: Volume 2: Culture and Cognition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195310139
eISBN:
9780199871209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310139.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter seeks to clarify the meaning of the claim that human morality is innate. It argues that if human morality is indeed innate, an explanation may be provided that does not resort to an ... More


Human Nature and the Nature of Morality

Dennis L. Krebs

in The Origins of Morality: An Evolutionary Account

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199778232
eISBN:
9780199897261
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199778232.003.0034
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter evaluates the extent to which humans meet the criteria of four conceptions of what it means to be moral—conceptions that are defined in terms of good behavior, virtue, moral knowledge or ... More


A Darwinian Naturalist's Perspective on Altruism

Michael Ruse

in Altruism and Altruistic Love: Science, Philosophy, and Religion in Dialogue

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195143584
eISBN:
9780199848119
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195143584.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Evolutionary ethics or “social Darwinism” is a powerful and wide-ranging doctrine or set of beliefs. In ethics and morality, it is useful to make a twofold distinction between “substantive” or ... More


Evolutionary Ethics: An Idea Whose Time Has Come?

Peter A. Corning

in Holistic Darwinism: Synergy, Cybernetics, and the Bioeconomics of Evolution

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226116136
eISBN:
9780226116334
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226116334.003.0016
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter discusses the history of the long-standing and vexed debate over evolutionary ethics, which is considered an inescapable aspect of any paradigm shift in evolutionary theory. It explains ... More


Developments in Idealist Ethics

W. J. Mander

in British Idealism: A History

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199559299
eISBN:
9780191725531
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559299.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Although not destined to produce any new systems of equivalent stature to those of Green, Bradley, or Caird, idealist ethics did not simply cease at the turn of the century. Later idealist thinking ... More


The Social Turn in Moral Psychology

Mark Fedyk

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780262035569
eISBN:
9780262337151
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035569.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

In this book, Mark Fedyk offers a novel analysis of the relationship between moral psychology and allied fields in the social sciences. Fedyk shows how the social sciences can be integrated with ... More


Does Evolutionary Psychology Show That Normativity Is Mind-Dependent?

Selim Berker

in Moral Psychology and Human Agency: Philosophical Essays on the Science of Ethics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780198717812
eISBN:
9780191787324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198717812.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Suppose we grant that evolutionary forces have had a profound effect on the contours of our normative judgments and intuitions. Can we conclude anything from this about the correct metaethical ... More


Darwin’s Romantic Quest: Mind, Morals, and Emotions

Robert J. Richards

in Was Hitler a Darwinian?: Disputed Questions in the History of Evolutionary Theory

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780226058764
eISBN:
9780226059099
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226059099.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

From the beginning of his theorizing, Darwin had human beings in mind. He sought to give an account of their, emotional repertoire, linguistic abilities, and high intelligence; he offered ingenious ... More


Introduction: The New Evolutionary Paradigm

Peter A. Corning

in Holistic Darwinism: Synergy, Cybernetics, and the Bioeconomics of Evolution

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226116136
eISBN:
9780226116334
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226116334.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This introductory chapter discusses the coverage of this volume which is about the so-called Holistic Darwinism. This volume is divided into four parts. This first deals with the role of synergism in ... More


The Relation of Spencer’s Evolutionary Theory to Darwin’s

Robert J. Richards

in Was Hitler a Darwinian?: Disputed Questions in the History of Evolutionary Theory

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780226058764
eISBN:
9780226059099
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226059099.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Charles Darwin and Herbert Spencer developed their respective evolutionary theories roughly during the same periods, and each was aware of the views of the other. Scholars have typically regarded ... More


‘An Assumption of Extreme Significance’: Moore, Ross, and Spencer on Ethics and Evolution

Hallvard Lillehammer

in Explanation in Ethics and Mathematics: Debunking and Dispensability

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780198778592
eISBN:
9780191824326
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198778592.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

In recent years there has been a growing interest among mainstream Anglophone moral philosophers in the empirical study of human morality, including its evolution and historical development. This ... More


Defending Moral Judgment

Joshua May

in Regard for Reason in the Moral Mind

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780198811572
eISBN:
9780191848452
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198811572.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Wide-ranging debunking arguments aim to support moral skepticism based on empirical evidence (particularly of evolutionary pressures, framing effects, automatic emotional heuristics, and incidental ... More


Moral Obligations

David Baggett and Jerry L. Walls

in God and Cosmos: Moral Truth and Human Meaning

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780199931194
eISBN:
9780190464165
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199931194.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter begins with a careful analysis of the language, logic, and phenomenology of moral obligations, including their prescriptive strength, authority, and what Evans calls the “Anscombe ... More


The Moral Meaning of Nature: Nietzsche’s Darwinian Religion and Its Critics

Peter J. Woodford

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780226539751
eISBN:
9780226539928
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226539928.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

What does biological evolution tell us about the nature of religion, about ethical values, or even about the meaning and purpose of life? Notable contemporary debates have indicated the continuing ... More


Conclusion

Peter J. Woodford

in The Moral Meaning of Nature: Nietzsche’s Darwinian Religion and Its Critics

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780226539751
eISBN:
9780226539928
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226539928.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

The conclusion summarizes the key points of conflict between each of these thinkers and it attempts to draw some lessons from their disagreements. It resists the temptation to try to resolve these ... More


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