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More Examples: Adaptive Diversification in Dispersal Rates, the Evolution of Anisogamy, and the Evolution of Trophic Preference

Michael Doebeli

in Adaptive Diversification (MPB-48)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691128931
eISBN:
9781400838936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691128931.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter explores three more examples that all arise in the context of fundamental ecological and evolutionary questions to further illustrate the diversifying force of frequency-dependent ... More


Evolutionary Dynamics of Viruses or Microbes, but Not Both

Joshua S. Weitz

in Quantitative Viral Ecology: Dynamics of Viruses and Their Microbial Hosts

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161549
eISBN:
9781400873968
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161549.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the evolutionary dynamics of viruses. Preexisting variation in host phenotypes include variants with different levels of susceptibility to viruses, including complete ... More


Quantitative Viral Ecology: Dynamics of Viruses and Their Microbial Hosts

Joshua S. Weitz

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161549
eISBN:
9781400873968
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161549.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

When we think about viruses we tend to consider ones that afflict humans—such as those that cause influenza, HIV, and Ebola. Yet, vastly more viruses infect single-celled microbes. Diverse and ... More


Introduction and Conceptual Framework

Andrew P. Hendry

in Eco-evolutionary Dynamics

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691145433
eISBN:
9781400883080
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691145433.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This introductory chapter discusses how when studying eco-evolutionary dynamics, one might focus on genotypes or phenotypes. Selection acts directly on phenotypes rather than on genotypes. Genotypes ... More


Population Dynamics

Andrew P. Hendry

in Eco-evolutionary Dynamics

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691145433
eISBN:
9781400883080
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691145433.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter evaluates various methods for inferring how phenotypes/genotypes influence population dynamics, including extensions of the year-by-year tracking approach used in analyzing the ... More


Landscapes

Ricard Solé and Santiago F. Elena

in Viruses as Complex Adaptive Systems

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691158846
eISBN:
9780691185118
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691158846.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter begins by discussing fitness landscape, an idea first introduced by evolutionary geneticist Sewall Wright and later extended by several other authors. The fitness landscape is defined in ... More


The Future of Quantitative Viral Ecology

Joshua S. Weitz

in Quantitative Viral Ecology: Dynamics of Viruses and Their Microbial Hosts

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161549
eISBN:
9781400873968
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161549.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This chapter presents a perspective on the types of developments, both technical and theoretical, that are forthcoming and the influence they are likely to have in shaping our view of the diversity ... More


Trait-based ecological and eco-evolutionary theory

Christopher A. Klausmeier, Colin T. Kremer, and Thomas Koffel

in Theoretical Ecology: concepts and applications

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780198824282
eISBN:
9780191863271
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198824282.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

Trait-based approaches focus on the functional traits that define how organisms interact with the environment and each other. They represent an efficient way to capture different aspects of diversity ... More


Experimental Evolutionary Domestication

Pedro Simões, Josiane Santos, and Margarida Matos

in Experimental Evolution: Concepts, Methods, and Applications of Selection Experiments

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520247666
eISBN:
9780520944473
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520247666.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Drosophila is one of the commonly used organisms in experimental evolution. One of the goals of experimental studies in Drosophila is to characterize the potential of populations to respond directly ... More


Evolution

Wolfgang Banzhaf and Lidia Yamamoto

in Artificial Chemistries

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780262029438
eISBN:
9780262329460
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029438.003.0007
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

After having discussed how life might have originated in the early Earth (chapter 6), chapter 7 looks at how living organisms evolve by natural selection. It does that from a quantitative ... More


Conclusions

Toby Tyrrell

in On Gaia: A Critical Investigation of the Relationship between Life and Earth

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691121581
eISBN:
9781400847914
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691121581.003.0010
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

This concluding chapter evaluates the Gaia hypothesis. Based on the evidence studied in this book, the chapter argues that the Gaia hypothesis is not a reasonable picture of how Earth and life ... More


Eco-evolutionary Dynamics

Andrew P. Hendry

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691145433
eISBN:
9781400883080
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691145433.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

In recent years, scientists have realized that evolution can occur on timescales much shorter than the “long lapse of ages” emphasized by Darwin—in fact, evolutionary change is occurring all around ... More


Ecosystem Function

Andrew P. Hendry

in Eco-evolutionary Dynamics

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691145433
eISBN:
9781400883080
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691145433.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter explores how the mathematical frameworks, empirical methods, and predictions introduced for community structure can be extended to ecosystem function. Also outlined is an alternative ... More


Cooperative Homo economicus

Samuel Bowles and Herbert Gintis

in A Cooperative Species: Human Reciprocity and Its Evolution

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151250
eISBN:
9781400838837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151250.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter examines whether recent advances in the theory of repeated games, as exemplified by the so-called folk theorem and related models, address the shortcomings of the self-interest based ... More


What We Do and Don’t Know

Andrew P. Hendry

in Eco-evolutionary Dynamics

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691145433
eISBN:
9781400883080
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691145433.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter describes the scope and limitation of what people know about eco-evolutionary dynamics. What they are striving to explain is the relationship between ecology and evolution, seeking to ... More


Evolutionary Dynamics of Metacommunities in Urbanized Landscapes

Kristien I. Brans, Lynn Govaert, and Luc De Meester

in Urban Evolutionary Biology

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780198836841
eISBN:
9780191873843
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198836841.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

As urbanization leads to repeated, marked environmental gradients in space, it provides an ideal ‘natural’ experiment to study how evolving metacommunities, in which evolutionary and community ... More


Evolutionary Dynamics of Collective Action in N-person Stag Hunt Dilemmas

Jorge M. Pacheco, Francisco C. Santos, and Max O. Souza

in Social Dynamics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199652822
eISBN:
9780191779367
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199652822.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

In the animal world, collective action to shelter, protect, and nourish requires the cooperation of group members. Among humans, many situations require the simultaneous cooperation of more than two ... More


Maternal Effects on Evolutionary Dynamics in Wild Small Mammals

Andrew G. Mcadam

in Maternal Effects in Mammals

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226501192
eISBN:
9780226501222
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226501222.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Animal Behavior / Behavioral Ecology

This chapter examines the influence of maternal effects on the evolutionary dynamics of wild small mammals. It analyzes work on a natural population of North American red squirrels and discusses some ... More


The effects of others’ genes: maternal and other indirect genetic effects

Andrew G. McAdam, Dany Garant, and Alastair J. Wilson

in Quantitative Genetics in the Wild

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199674237
eISBN:
9780191779275
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199674237.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Ecology

An individual’s phenotype may frequently be affected by the phenotypes (and hence genotypes) of other individuals with whom it interacts. Phenotypic effects that are caused by the genotype of another ... More


Adaptation

Andrew P. Hendry

in Eco-evolutionary Dynamics

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691145433
eISBN:
9781400883080
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691145433.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter outlines how to conceptualize and predict adaptive evolution based on information about selection and genetic variation. It introduces and explains adaptive landscapes, a concept that ... More


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