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Reinventing Primate Neuroscience for the Twenty-First Century

Todd M. Preuss

in Primate Neuroethology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195326598
eISBN:
9780199864904
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326598.003.0022
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology, Evolutionary Psychology

This chapter advocates an evolutionary approach to understanding comparative brain anatomy in primates. It argues that deep understanding of the relationships between brain and behavior requires ... More


Useful Knowledge as an Evolving System: The View from Economic History

Joel Mokyr

in The Economy as an Evolving Complex System, III: Current Perspectives and Future Directions

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195162592
eISBN:
9780199850495
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162592.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

This chapter develops an evolutionary approach to the process of technological innovation. It shows how a theory of knowledge evolution can be executed in a manner analogous to the Darwinian models ... More


The Development of Life History Strategies: Toward a Multi-Stage Theory

Marco Del Giudice and Jay Belsky

in The Evolution of Personality and Individual Differences

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195372090
eISBN:
9780199893485
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372090.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology, Social Psychology

The development of individual differences has always been a primary focus of psychological research, and it continues to be an intensely debated topic to this day. Three issues in particular stand ... More


Introduction and Overview

Dennis L. Krebs

in The Origins of Morality: An Evolutionary Account

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199778232
eISBN:
9780199897261
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199778232.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter contains an account of the development of the author’s understanding of what morality is and where it comes from, and an explanation for why he decided to abandon popular psychological ... More


Introduction: Why an Evolutionary Approach toward IR?

Shiping Tang

in The Social Evolution of International Politics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199658336
eISBN:
9780191756054
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199658336.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

In the past century, “great debates” among a few grand theories, offensive realism, defensive realism, and neoliberalism/the English school, have shaped, if not defined, the development of ... More


Darwin in the Madhouse: Evolutionary Psychology and the Classification of Mental Disorders

Dominic Murphy and Stephen Stich

in Collected Papers, Volume 1: Mind and Language, 1972–2010

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199734108
eISBN:
9780190267513
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199734108.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter examines the implications that the theories proposed by evolutionary psychologists might have for the classification of mental disorders. It begins with a brief overview of the account ... More


Conclusion

Duncan J. Irschick and Timothy E. Higham

in Animal Athletes: An Ecological and Evolutionary Approach

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780199296545
eISBN:
9780191817489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296545.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Ecology

This chapter summarizes key messages presented in this book. First, one cannot and should not attempt to decouple animal performance from the ecological and evolutionary context in which it resides. ... More


Long-Term Trajectories of Technological Change

Stephen Shennan

in Cultural Evolution: Society, Technology, Language, and Religion

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780262019750
eISBN:
9780262318297
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019750.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The study of technology is a field in which generalized evolutionary ideas have been current for many years. However, when we start trying to implement a cultural evolutionary approach more ... More


Religion: The Dynamics of Cultural Adaptations

Lesley Newson and Peter Richerson

in Evolution, Religion, and Cognitive Science: Critical and Constructive Essays

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199688081
eISBN:
9780191767722
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199688081.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies, Religion and Society

This chapter offers a non-mathematical summary of the cultural evolutionary approach to explaining cultural change and the evolution of human behaviour. It reviews the evidence that the size and ... More


Biological Preparedness and Evolutionary Explanation

Denise Dellarosa Cummins and Robert Cummins

in The World in the Head

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199548033
eISBN:
9780191809835
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199548033.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter begins by discussing the factors that are prominent in motivating interest in evolutionary approaches to cognition and reviews criticisms against some of the approaches. It is followed ... More


Skilful Engagement and the ‘Effort after Value’: An Axiological Theory of the Origins of Religion

Nathaniel F. Barrett

in Evolution, Religion, and Cognitive Science: Critical and Constructive Essays

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199688081
eISBN:
9780191767722
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199688081.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies, Religion and Society

Cognitive-evolutionary theories of religion have so far paid little attention to the value that religious practices add to life, focusing instead on the verbally expressed content of religious ... More


Optimizing public health strategies in low-income countries: epidemiology, ecology and evolution for the control of malaria

Eve Miguel, Florence Fournet, Serge Yerbanga, Nicolas Moiroux, Franck Yao, Timothée Vergne, Bernard Cazelles, Roch K. Dabiré, Frédéric Simard, and Benjamin Roche

in Ecology and Evolution of Infectious Diseases: pathogen control and public health management in low-income countries

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780198789833
eISBN:
9780191831508
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198789833.003.0016
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

During the 20th century, health inequalities among countries have increased. Several factors explain this pattern, such as immunization and massive antibiotherapy, but nutrition, housing and hygiene ... More


Psychology: Volume 5: Explorations into Psyche and Psychology: Some Emerging Perspectives

Girishwar Misra (ed.)

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780199498833
eISBN:
9780190990589
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199498833.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

This survey of research on psychology in five volumes is a part of a series undertaken by the ICSSR since 1969, which covers various disciplines under social science. Volume Five of this survey, ... More


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