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Ellen Dissanayake's Evolutionary Aesthetic

Stephen Davies

in Philosophical Perspectives on Art

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199202423
eISBN:
9780191708541
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199202423.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

In a series of books, Ellen Dissanayake has developed a subtle, complex account in which art is seen as an evolutionary adaptation. We use it to make ourselves and our environments special and, more ... More


How to Talk about Macroevolution

John O. Reiss

in Not by Design: Retiring Darwin's Watchmaker

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520258938
eISBN:
9780520944404
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520258938.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter addresses how we can talk about macroevolution without lapsing into teleology, and shows that the principle of the conditions for existence can play a key role here, first discussing how ... More


Is Music an Evolutionary Adaptation?

David Huron

in The Cognitive Neuroscience of Music

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198525202
eISBN:
9780191689314
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525202.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology

This chapter reviews the basic arguments related to evolutionary claims for music. In particular, it describes the theory of evolution by natural selection. Before entertaining some possible ... More


Consciousness–Attention Dissociation and the Evolution of Conscious Attention

Carlos Montemayor and Harry Haroutioun Haladjian

in Consciousness, Attention, and Conscious Attention

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780262028974
eISBN:
9780262327497
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028974.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter argues that the scientific findings about attention and the basic considerations about the evolution of different forms of attention demonstrate that consciousness and attention must be ... More


War, Peace, and Human Nature: The Convergence of Evolutionary and Cultural Views

Douglas P. Fry (ed.)

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199858996
eISBN:
9780199332687
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199858996.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

Have humans always waged war? Is warring an ancient evolutionary adaptation or a relatively recent behavior—and what does that tell us about human nature? This book brings together experts in ... More


The theory of dispersal under multiple influences

Jostein Starrfelt and Hanna Kokko

in Dispersal Ecology and Evolution

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199608898
eISBN:
9780191774560
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608898.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter shows how the definition of dispersal as movement that leads to gene flow is fairly broad, as it is not limited to the type of entities that move, the mechanism of movement, and whether ... More


Loss of genetic diversity reduces ability to adapt

Richard Frankham, Jonathan D. Ballou, Katherine Ralls, Mark D. B. Eldridge, Michele R. Dudash, Charles B. Fenster, Robert C. Lacy, and Paul Sunnucks

in Genetic Management of Fragmented Animal and Plant Populations

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780198783398
eISBN:
9780191826313
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198783398.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Environmental change is a ubiquitous feature of the conditions faced by species, so they must either evolve, move to avoid threats, or perish. Species require genetic diversity to evolve to cope with ... More


Environmental change in adaptation and innovation

Andreas Wagner

in The Origins of Evolutionary Innovations: A Theory of Transformative Change in Living Systems

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199692590
eISBN:
9780191774829
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199692590.003.0191
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter shows that environmental change can facilitate innovation and evolutionary adaptation. It discusses how genetic systems can have genotypic memory of phenotypes that were adaptive in past ... More


The Inclusivist Anomaly and the Limits of Evolutionary Explanation

Allen Buchanan

in The Evolution of Moral Progress: A Biocultural Theory

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780190868413
eISBN:
9780190868444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190868413.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter provides a sustained critique of the evoconservative view. It argues that no adequate evolutionary explanation has been given for the inclusivist features of contemporary human ... More


Synthesis

Karl Ritz and Wim H. van der Putten

in Soil Ecology and Ecosystem Services

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199575923
eISBN:
9780191774843
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199575923.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter offers a synthesis of the discussions in Section 1. The chapters in this section demonstrate that the living constituents of soils are integral to the delivery of ecosystem services. The ... More


Global climate change increases the need for genetic management

Richard Frankham, Jonathan D. Ballou, Katherine Ralls, Mark D. B. Eldridge, Michele R. Dudash, Charles B. Fenster, Robert C. Lacy, and Paul Sunnucks

in Genetic Management of Fragmented Animal and Plant Populations

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780198783398
eISBN:
9780191826313
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198783398.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Adverse genetic impacts on fragmented populations are expected to accelerate under global climate change. Many populations and species may not be able to adapt in situ, or move unassisted to suitable ... More


The Virtues of Intolerance: Is Religion an Adaptation for War?

Dominic D. P. Johnson and Zoey Reeve

in Religion, Intolerance, and Conflict: A Scientific and Conceptual Investigation

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199640911
eISBN:
9780191753077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199640911.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies, Religion and Society

This chapter argues that religion is an evolutionary adaptation that promotes the functioning of social groups. In the context of significant inter-group conflict in human evolution, religion may ... More


The Dynamic Between Social Systems and Ocean Ecosystems: Are There Lessons from Commercial Whaling?

DANIEL W. BROMLEY

in Whales, Whaling, and Ocean Ecosystems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520248847
eISBN:
9780520933200
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520248847.003.0028
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter deals with the dynamic nexus between the gradual intensification of human interaction with—and extraction from—nature and the inevitable biological response to that activity. One may ... More


Inbreeding and loss of genetic diversity increase extinction risk

Richard Frankham, Jonathan D. Ballou, Katherine Ralls, Mark D. B. Eldridge, Michele R. Dudash, Charles B. Fenster, Robert C. Lacy, and Paul Sunnucks

in A Practical Guide for Genetic Management of Fragmented Animal and Plant Populations

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780198783411
eISBN:
9780191826337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198783411.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Inbreeding reduces survival and reproduction (i.e. it causes inbreeding depression), and thereby increases extinction risk. Inbreeding depression is due to increased homozygosity for harmful alleles ... More


Emotion, reason, and virtue

PETER GOLDIE

in Emotion, Evolution, and Rationality

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198528975
eISBN:
9780191689604
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528975.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter looks at the issue of the rationality of the emotions from a slightly different angle, focusing on the relationship between emotions and epistemic rationality. It observes that emotions ... More


Genetic rescue resulting from gene flow

Richard Frankham, Jonathan D. Ballou, Katherine Ralls, Mark D. B. Eldridge, Michele R. Dudash, Charles B. Fenster, Robert C. Lacy, and Paul Sunnucks

in A Practical Guide for Genetic Management of Fragmented Animal and Plant Populations

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780198783411
eISBN:
9780191826337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198783411.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Inbreeding is reduced and genetic diversity enhanced when a small isolated inbred population is crossed to another unrelated population. Crossing can have beneficial or harmful effects on fitness, ... More


The Nature of Love: Mary Ainsworth’s Observational and Experimental Work

Marga Vicedo

in The Nature and Nurture of Love: From Imprinting to Attachment in Cold War America

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226020556
eISBN:
9780226020693
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226020693.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter examines the development of Mary Ainsworth's views about attachment in the context of her relationship with John Bowlby. It shows her evolution from being Bowlby's defender to ... More


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