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Cooperation

ROBERT V. DODGE

in Schelling's Game Theory: How to Make Decisions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199857203
eISBN:
9780199932597
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199857203.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

This chapter is about the prisoner's dilemma as a repeated encounter. The best strategy is defection, or non-cooperation, if a single encounter is anticipated. In the event of repeated, or iterated ... More


Global Environmental Problems, Voluntary Action, and Government Intervention

Andries Richter and Daan van Soest

in Global Environmental Commons: Analytical and Political Challenges in Building Governance Mechanisms

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199656202
eISBN:
9780191742149
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199656202.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The global community faces several very pressing environmental challenges such as climate change, depletion of the high-sea fisheries, and unprecedented rates of biodiversity loss. Governments are in ... More


The Messianic Effect of Pathological Altruism

Jorge M. Pacheco and Francisco C. Santos

in Pathological Altruism

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199738571
eISBN:
9780199918669
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199738571.003.0210
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Previous research in evolutionary game theory has shown that cooperation is not an evolutionarily viable strategy unless additional mechanisms are put into play, as the tragedy of the commons is ... More


The Evolved Apprentice: How Evolution Made Humans Unique

Kim Sterelny

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262016797
eISBN:
9780262302814
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016797.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This book develops a novel account of the speed and extent of human evolutionary divergence from the great ape stock. It does not explain human uniqueness by positing a critical adaptive breakthrough ... More


The Puzzle of Human Ultrasociality: How Did Large-Scale Complex Societies Evolve?

Peter Turchin

in Cultural Evolution: Society, Technology, Language, and Religion

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780262019750
eISBN:
9780262318297
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019750.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

After a long and turbulent history, the study of human cultural evolution is finally becoming comparable to the study of genetic evolution, with human history the counterpart of the biological fossil ... More


How Attachment Gave Rise to Culture

James S. Chisholm

in The Cultural Nature of Attachment: Contextualizing Relationships and Development

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780262036900
eISBN:
9780262342872
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036900.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reviews advances in evolutionary theory since Bowlby and proposes that our capacity for culture emerged with the evolution of human attachment by means of selection for increased ... More


Love’s Evolution

Celia E. Deane-Drummond

in Theological Ethics through a Multispecies Lens: The Evolution of Wisdom, Volume I

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780198843344
eISBN:
9780191879227
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198843344.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Theology

The relationship between empathy, love, and compassion has long been contested in the history of moral theory. Drawing on Martha Nussbaum’s definition of compassion as a form of judgement, and its ... More


Evolutionary Dynamics of Collective Action in N-person Stag Hunt Dilemmas

Jorge M. Pacheco, Francisco C. Santos, and Max O. Souza

in Social Dynamics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199652822
eISBN:
9780191779367
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199652822.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

In the animal world, collective action to shelter, protect, and nourish requires the cooperation of group members. Among humans, many situations require the simultaneous cooperation of more than two ... More


Evolutionary Games in Natural, Social, and Virtual Worlds

Daniel Friedman and Barry Sinervo

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780199981151
eISBN:
9780190466657
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199981151.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

This book’s goal is to introduce evolutionary game theory to applied researchers in a manner accessible to graduate students and advanced undergraduates in biology, economics, engineering, and allied ... More


Reflection

Andrew Steane

in Science and Humanity: A Humane Philosophy of Science and Religion

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198824589
eISBN:
9780191863370
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198824589.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter reflects on the sequence of the book so far, and applies the discussion to some aspects of human life. It is false to say that an arch is explained by the properties of stones. It would ... More


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