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Clinical assessment of central nervous system axons: Evoked potentials

STEPHEN J. JONES

in The Axon: Structure, Function and Pathophysiology

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195082937
eISBN:
9780199865802
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195082937.003.0031
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

Evoked potentials (EPs) are electrical waves that can be recorded from the head and boy after stimulation of the sense organs. For over thirty years, EPs of the auditory, somatosensory, and visual ... More


Physiology of disparity detection

Ian P. Howard and Brian J. Rogers

in Seeing in Depth: Volume 1: Basic Mechanics/ Volume 2: Depth Perception 2-Volume Set

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195367607
eISBN:
9780199867264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367607.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reviews the physiology of processes devoted to the detection of binocular disparity. The discussions cover disparity detectors; disparity detectors in cats; disparity detectors in ... More


The physiology of binocular vision

Ian P. Howard and Brian J. Rogers

in Binocular Vision and Stereopsis

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195084764
eISBN:
9780199871049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195084764.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter begins with a discussion of the eye and visual pathways, the visual cortex, and midline interactions. It then covers disparity detectors, disparity tuning functions, types of disparity ... More


Strong stimulation

Arnold J. Wilkins

in Visual Stress

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198521747
eISBN:
9780191706691
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521747.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Visual discomfort results from the neural processing of a strong sensory signal. The mechanisms for the pain may resemble those in migraine. In general, the visual stimuli responsible are those that ... More


Introduction

Jay A. Liveson and Dong M. Ma

in Laboratory Reference for Clinical Neurophysiology

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195129243
eISBN:
9780199847792
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195129243.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

It is well known that the sensory cortex responds to peripheral input, and that sensory stimuli evoke a cortical response. In fact, in cases of myoclonic epilepsy, the response to a peripheral ... More


Myoclonus Studies

Jay A. Liveson and Dong M. Ma

in Laboratory Reference for Clinical Neurophysiology

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195129243
eISBN:
9780199847792
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195129243.003.0022
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

Mycolonus is a sudden, irregular, jerky movement of a group of muscles. It can be related to hyperexcitability of cerebral neurons, manifested by periodic synchronous EEG discharges (PSDs). If these ... More


BCIs That Use Steady-State Visual Evoked Potentials or Slow Cortical Potentials

Brendan Z. Allison, Josef Faller, and Christa Neuper

in Brain–Computer Interfaces: Principles and Practice

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195388855
eISBN:
9780199932689
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388855.003.0014
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

This chapter describes steady-state visual evoked potentials (SSVEPs), slow cortical potentials (SCPs), and brain-computer interfaces (BCIs) based on these signals. SSVEPs are produced by repetitive ... More


Objective assessment of tinnitus

Jos J. Eggermont

in The Neuroscience of Tinnitus

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199605606
eISBN:
9780191741555
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199605606.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Development

In patients with tinnitus, structural and functional brain imaging combined with electro- and magnetoencephalograms have suggested correlations between aspects of tinnitus and brain functioning. ... More


Visual Evoked Responses

Jay A. Liveson and Dong M. Ma

in Laboratory Reference for Clinical Neurophysiology

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195129243
eISBN:
9780199847792
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195129243.003.0014
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

Visual evoked potentials provide a quantitative measure of the visual system. The function measured includes that of the optic nerve, through the optic chiasm and tract, to the lateral geniculate ... More


Paediatric vision testing

Janette Atkinson

in The Developing Visual Brain

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198525998
eISBN:
9780191712395
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525998.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter describes some of the methods used for testing vision in infants and young children in research and clinical assessment, including behavioural measures from observing eye movements ... More


Time Series Analysis

Partha P. Mitra and Hemant Bokil

in Observed Brain Dynamics

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195178081
eISBN:
9780199864829
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178081.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter discusses time series analysis. Topics covered include method of moments, evoked potentials and peristimulus time histogram, univariate spectral analysis, bivariate spectral analysis, ... More


Practical application of the visual evoked potential in paediatric neuro-ophthalmology

Patricia Apkarian

in Infant Vision

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198523161
eISBN:
9780191724558
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523161.003.0022
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

The impetus to study visual ontogenesis and the corresponding plethora of developmental studies have resulted in major advances in our knowledge of the relationship between various aspects of visual ... More


Integration Times Reveal Mechanisms Responding to Isoluminant Chromatic Gratings: A Two-Centre Visual Evoked Potential Study

A. G. Robson, J. J. Kulikowski, M. Korostenskaja, M. M. Neveu, C. R. Hogg, and G. E. Holder

in Normal and Defective Colour Vision

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198525301
eISBN:
9780191584947
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525301.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Visual evoked potentials (VEPs) provide an objective technique for monitoring the integrity of visual pathways and have been used to monitor the activity of post-receptoral chromatic mechanisms. The ... More


Gross potential recording methods in ophthalmology

H. Spekreijse and F. C. C. Riemslag

in Vision Research: A Practical Guide to Laboratory Methods

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198523192
eISBN:
9780191688850
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523192.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter discuses various potential recording methods of ophthalmology. The electro-oculogram (EOG) is described as a registration of the increase in the corneoretinal potential caused by an ... More


Intracerebral Evoked Potentials in Pitch Perception Reveal a Functional Asymmetry of Human Auditory Cortex

Catherine LiéGeois-Chauvel, Kimberly Giraud, Jean-Michel Badier, Patrick Marquis, and Patrick Chauvel

in The Cognitive Neuroscience of Music

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198525202
eISBN:
9780191689314
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525202.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology

This chapter examines the tonotopic organization of the human auditory cortex using intracerebrally recorded evoked potentials studied as a function of the anatomical recording site. The sensitivity ... More


Electrophysiological markers of foreperiod effects

Peter Praamstra

in Attention and Time

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199563456
eISBN:
9780191701863
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563456.003.0024
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter examines the electroencephalographic (EEG) markers of brain activity used to investigate the brain-based timing mechanisms that presumably underlie temporal preparation as manifested in ... More


Electroencephalography

Jaakko Malmivuo

in Bioelectromagnetism: Principles and Applications of Bioelectric and Biomagnetic Fields

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195058239
eISBN:
9780199847839
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195058239.003.0013
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

Evoked potentials are those components of the EEG that arise in response to a stimulus (which may be electric, auditory, visual, etc.). Such signals are usually below the noise level and thus not ... More


Orbitofrontal reality filtering

Armin Schnider

in The Confabulating Mind: How the Brain Creates Reality

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780198789680
eISBN:
9780191839016
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198789680.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Social Psychology

Behaviourally spontaneous confabulation denotes a particular form of confabulation characterized by confusion of reality. The patients are disoriented and act according to their confabulations. This ... More


Stimulus onsets and echoes

Jos Eggerrmont

in Auditory Temporal Processing and its Disorders

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780198719090
eISBN:
9780191802232
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198719090.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

Accurate representation of sound onsets is determined by the dynamics of the sound as well as the threshold for sound detection in the auditory system. Fast onset sound of sufficient intensity ... More


Other Neuroscientific Techniques

Adina L. Roskies

in A Primer on Criminal Law and Neuroscience: A contribution of the Law and Neuroscience Project, supported by the MacArthur Foundation

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199859177
eISBN:
9780199332694
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199859177.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter provides a brief introduction to a variety of neuroscience techniques other than MRI and fMRI. We first discuss standard anatomical and physiological techniques for studying neurons and ... More


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