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Pascal's Wager: Pragmatic Arguments and Belief in God

Jeff Jordan

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199291328
eISBN:
9780191710698
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199291328.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

What if there is no strong evidence that God exists? Is belief in God when faced with a lack of evidence illegitimate and improper? Evidentialism answers yes. According to Evidentialism, it is ... More


Perception and Basic Beliefs: Zombies, Modules and the Problem of the External World

Jack C. Lyons

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195373578
eISBN:
9780199871988
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195373578.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book addresses two central questions in epistemology: (1) which beliefs are epistemologically basic (i.e., noninferentially justified)? and (2) where does perception end and inferential ... More


Epistemology: New Essays

Quentin Smith (ed.)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199264933
eISBN:
9780191718472
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264933.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book offers a view of the current state of play in epistemology in the form of twelve chapters by some of the philosophers who have most influenced the course of debates in recent years. Topics ... More


Introduction

Quentin Smith

in Epistemology: New Essays

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199264933
eISBN:
9780191718472
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264933.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This introductory chapter presents an overview of the different topics discussed in the subsequent chapters. These include process reliabilism, evidentialism, viral epistemology, anti-luminosity ... More


Reliabilism and Contemporary Epistemology: Essays

Alvin I. Goldman

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199812875
eISBN:
9780199933150
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199812875.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, General

This is a collection of chapters by the leading proponent of process reliabilism, explaining its relation to rival and/or neighboring theories including evidentialism, other forms of reliabilism, and ... More


The Epistemic Justifiability of Faith‐beliefs: An Ambiguity Thesis

John Bishop

in Believing by Faith: An Essay in the Epistemology and Ethics of Religious Belief

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199205547
eISBN:
9780191709432
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199205547.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

It is initially plausible that people are morally entitled to take faith-beliefs to be true only when held on the basis of adequate evidential support. This moral evidentialism is parsed into (1) the ... More


The Ethics of Belief

Jeff Jordan

in Pascal's Wager: Pragmatic Arguments and Belief in God

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199291328
eISBN:
9780191710698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199291328.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

Is belief in God when faced with a lack of evidence improper? Evidentialism answers yes. According to Evidentialism, it is impermissible to believe any proposition lacking adequate evidence. ... More


Pragmatic Arguments and Belief in God

Jeff Jordan

in Pascal's Wager: Pragmatic Arguments and Belief in God

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199291328
eISBN:
9780191710698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199291328.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

One might argue that the absence of strong evidence in support of theism is itself strong evidence in support of atheism. This is what is known as the argument from Divine Hiddenness. A Pascalian has ... More


Proper Function

Michael Bergmann

in Justification without Awareness: A Defense of Epistemic Externalism

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199275748
eISBN:
9780191603907
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199275742.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter defends an externalist analysis of justification, focusing on its proper function requirement. It identifies three ways a popular evidentialist view needs improvement, and argues that ... More


Evidentialism and its Discontents

Trent Dougherty (ed.)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199563500
eISBN:
9780191728686
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563500.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, General

The volume contains contributions by leading epistemologists challenging, defending, and filling in the thesis of evidentialism: that epistemic justification is determined solely by evidence.


Believing by Faith: An Essay in the Epistemology and Ethics of Religious Belief

John Bishop

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199205547
eISBN:
9780191709432
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199205547.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

Can it be justifiable to commit oneself ‘by faith’ to a religious claim when its truth lacks adequate support from one's total available evidence? After critiquing both Wittgensteinian and Reformed ... More


Introduction: Towards an Acceptable Fideism

John Bishop

in Believing by Faith: An Essay in the Epistemology and Ethics of Religious Belief

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199205547
eISBN:
9780191709432
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199205547.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

The question whether religious beliefs can be justifiable is typically taken to be about whether they can be epistemically justified, and hence, justified on the evidence. Fideism holds that ... More


Arguments for Supra‐evidential Fideism

John Bishop

in Believing by Faith: An Essay in the Epistemology and Ethics of Religious Belief

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199205547
eISBN:
9780191709432
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199205547.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter considers three strategies: assimilation to cases of inter-personal trust; appeal to consequentialism (on which Pascal's Wager bears), and a ‘tu quoque’, which maintains that everyone ... More


A Moral Preference for Modest Fideism?

John Bishop

in Believing by Faith: An Essay in the Epistemology and Ethics of Religious Belief

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199205547
eISBN:
9780191709432
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199205547.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This concluding chapter reviews the case for a supra-evidential, moral coherentist, fideism: it is argued that adequate criteria have been supplied for distinguishing good from bad faith-ventures. ... More


The Problem of Natural Theology

C. Stephen Evans

in Natural Signs and Knowledge of God: A New Look at Theistic Arguments

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199217168
eISBN:
9780191712401
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199217168.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter introduces the concept of natural signs of God, understood as broadly accessible objects or experiences that naturally point to God. These signs lie at the core of classical theistic ... More


Conclusions: Can We Rely on Natural Signs for a “Hidden” God?

C. Stephen Evans

in Natural Signs and Knowledge of God: A New Look at Theistic Arguments

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199217168
eISBN:
9780191712401
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199217168.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Philosophy of Religion

Chapter 6 concludes that the natural signs of God provide prima facie evidence of God's existence and even, for people in some epistemic positions, makes belief in God reasonable. While the signs are ... More


Aquinas on Faith and Knowledge: Response to Robert Pasnau1

John Hawthorne

in Continuity and Innovation in Medieval and Modern Philosophy: Knowledge, Mind and Language

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780197265499
eISBN:
9780191760310
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265499.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter presents some remarks about the previous chapter's portrayal of Aquinas as a fideist, and about the chapter's discussion of weak and soft evidentialism. It highlights two key features of ... More


 Acquiring and Protecting Unreasonable Beliefs

Solomon Schimmel

in The Tenacity of Unreasonable Beliefs: Fundamentalism and the Fear of Truth

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195188264
eISBN:
9780199870509
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188264.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter examines how people acquire religious beliefs and protect them even when they are irrational. It integrates insights from psychology (Festinger on cognitive dissonance; Hinde on the ... More


Evidence and Religious Belief

Kelly James Clark and Raymond J. VanArragon (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199603718
eISBN:
9780191729287
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199603718.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Religion

A fundamental question in the field of religious epistemology asks whether religious belief must be based on evidence in order to be properly held. In recent years two prominent positions on this ... More


Evidence

Earl Conee and Richard Feldman

in Epistemology: New Essays

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199264933
eISBN:
9780191718472
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264933.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Evidentialism is the view that epistemic justification is a product of evidence. Evidentialism holds that the justification of attitudes other than belief is also determined by evidence. When one's ... More


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