Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

You are looking at 1-7 of 7 items

  • Keywords: evidence theory x
Clear All Modify Search

View:

A Theory of Evidence for Evidence-Based Policy

NANCY CARTWRIGHT and JACOB STEGENGA

in Evidence, Inference and Enquiry

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197264843
eISBN:
9780191754050
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264843.003.0011
Subject:
Sociology, Methodology and Statistics

Evidence-based policy is all the rage now. But no one knows quite how to do it. Policy questions do not generally fall neatly within any one of our scientific or social science disciplines, where the ... More


Williamson on Knowledge and Evidence

Alvin I. Goldman

in Reliabilism and Contemporary Epistemology: Essays

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199812875
eISBN:
9780199933150
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199812875.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, General

This chapter serves as a critical examination of Williamson's theories of knowledge and evidence. It argues that certain details of the theory are less successful than those of similar theories that ... More


Two Major Probabilistic Theories of Evidence

Peter Achinstein

in The Book of Evidence

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195143898
eISBN:
9780199833023
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195143892.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Two standard probabilistic theories of evidence are introduced: increase‐in‐probability (positive relevance) and high‐probability. These theories must be augmented by some definition of probability ... More


What's Wrong With These Probabilistic Theories of Evidence?

Peter Achinstein

in The Book of Evidence

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195143898
eISBN:
9780199833023
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195143892.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Counterexamples are presented against the two standard probabilistic theories of evidence of Ch. 3. Various responses of defenders of these probabilistic theories are considered. It is argued that ... More


Groundwork for a Jurisprudence of Criminal Procedure

Paul Roberts

in Philosophical Foundations of Criminal Law

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199559152
eISBN:
9780191725265
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559152.003.0017
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter explores four rival perspectives or approaches to conceptualizing criminal procedure and evidence designated: doctrinal-conceptualist; epistemological; institutional; and normative. ... More


Policy Dissemination Research

Elizabeth A. Dodson, Ross C. Brownson, and Stephen M. Weiss

in Dissemination and Implementation Research in Health: Translating Science to Practice

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199751877
eISBN:
9780199933242
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199751877.003.0021
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter outlines key issues of evidence-based theories and frameworks for policy dissemination research, discusses policy intervention design, and specifies potential challenges that may be ... More


Evidence and Environmental Epidemiology: A Pragmatic Approach

Anya Plutynski

in Explaining Cancer: Finding Order in Disorder

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780199967452
eISBN:
9780190878474
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199967452.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

In this chapter, I consider two case studies in environmental epidemiology of cancer, in service of several aims. First, I argue that while identification of mechanisms is useful, they are neither ... More


View: