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Events and Actions as Dynamically Molded Spatiotemporal Objects: A Critique of the Motor Theory of Biological Motion Perception

Geoffrey P. Bingham and Emily A. Wickelgren

in Understanding Events: From Perception to Action

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195188370
eISBN:
9780199870462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188370.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

The motor theory of biological motion perception hypothesizes that motor commands (or records thereof) are used to recognize human event recognition, motor theory, biological motion perception ... More


An Invitation to an Event

Thomas F. Shipley

in Understanding Events: From Perception to Action

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195188370
eISBN:
9780199870462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188370.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter begins with a discussion of the significance of events. It then focuses on four traditional object-perception issues and considers potential analogies to event perception. These are ... More


The Role of Segmentation in Perception and Understanding of Events

Stephan Schwan and Bärbel Garsoffky

in Understanding Events: From Perception to Action

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195188370
eISBN:
9780199870462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188370.003.0017
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Somewhere along the line of cognitive processes going from perception to recounting, a transition must take place by which this continuous stream of events is segmented into a sequence of discrete ... More


Current Events: How Infants Parse the World and Events for Language

Shannon M. Pruden, Kathy Hirsh-Pasek, and Roberta M. Golinkoff

in Understanding Events: From Perception to Action

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195188370
eISBN:
9780199870462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188370.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter focuses on what children need to know about events before they learn their first verbs and, more broadly, their first relational terms. Topics covered include when infants begin to ... More


Geometric Information for Event Segmentation

Thomas F. Shipley and Mandy J. Maguire

in Understanding Events: From Perception to Action

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195188370
eISBN:
9780199870462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188370.003.0018
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter examines how perceptual processes help segment events, begin the complex process of giving meaning to the flux of change around each of us, and ultimately give us the social graces to ... More


Events Are What We Make of Them

Robert Schwartz

in Understanding Events: From Perception to Action

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195188370
eISBN:
9780199870462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188370.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter begins with a discussion of the notion of an event. It argues that various ideas associated with the object/event distinction are not on firm ground, and considers the claim that events ... More


Speaking of Events: Event Word Learning and Event Representation

Mandy J. Maguire and Guy O. Dove

in Understanding Events: From Perception to Action

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195188370
eISBN:
9780199870462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188370.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter examines the difficulty facing children attempting to learn novel event labels. Children must overcome what has become known as the “packaging problem”: they must figure out which event ... More


Dynamics and the Perception of Causal Events

Phillip Wolff

in Understanding Events: From Perception to Action

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195188370
eISBN:
9780199870462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188370.003.0023
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

We use our knowledge of causal relationships to imagine possible events. We also use these relationships to look deep into the past and infer events that were not witnessed or to infer what can not ... More


The Boundaries of Episodic Memories

Helen L. Williams, Martin A. Conway, and Alan D. Baddeley

in Understanding Events: From Perception to Action

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195188370
eISBN:
9780199870462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188370.003.0024
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Episodic memories must have beginnings and endings, but these remain unknown. This chapter presents two initial exploratory studies that attempt to identify the beginnings and endings of various ... More


Event Concepts

Roberto Casati and Achille C. Varzi

in Understanding Events: From Perception to Action

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195188370
eISBN:
9780199870462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188370.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter analyzes the concept of an event and of event representation as an umbrella notion. It provides an overview of different ways events have been dealt with in philosophy, linguistics, and ... More


Computational Vision Approaches for Event Modeling

Rama Chellappa, Naresh P. Cuntoor, Seong-Wook Joo, V. S. Subrahmanian, and Pavan Turaga

in Understanding Events: From Perception to Action

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195188370
eISBN:
9780199870462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188370.003.0021
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Event modeling systems provide a semantic interpretation of sequences of pixels that are captured by a video camera. The design of a practical system has to take into account the following three main ... More


The Human Prefrontal Cortex Stores Structured Event Complexes

Frank Krueger and Jordan Grafman

in Understanding Events: From Perception to Action

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195188370
eISBN:
9780199870462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188370.003.0025
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Event sequence knowledge is necessary for learning, planning, and performing activities of daily living. Clinical observations suggest that the prefrontal cortex (PFC) is crucial for goal-directed ... More


Gunnar Johansson, Events, and Biological Motion

James E. Cutting

in People Watching: Social, Perceptual, and Neurophysiological Studies of Body Perception

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195393705
eISBN:
9780199979271
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393705.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

In 1973, Gunnar Johansson launched the systematic study of the perception of the human body in motion. Merging his applied interests in traffic safety and his theoretical interests in vector analysis ... More


Developmental Origins of Biological Motion Perception

Willem E. Frankenhuis, H. Clark Barrett,, and Scott P. Johnson

in People Watching: Social, Perceptual, and Neurophysiological Studies of Body Perception

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195393705
eISBN:
9780199979271
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393705.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Newborn infants have a special affinity for motion. It is not surprising, therefore, that the perception of biological motion has an important role in the early development of infants. This chapter ... More


Truth, Lies, and Meaning in Slow Motion Images

Sheena Rogers

in Psychocinematics: Exploring Cognition at the Movies

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199862139
eISBN:
9780199332755
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199862139.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Slow motion images in film and video are often thought to truthfully represent events in the real world, hence they are used in action replays and courts of law as evidence. While such films preserve ... More


Granularity in taxonomy, time, and space

Jeffrey M. Zacks and Barbara Tversky

in Motion Encoding in Language and Space

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199661213
eISBN:
9780191745348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199661213.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics, Computational Linguistics

The objects of language and thought establish the granularity at which cognition operates. Granularity can vary with respect to taxonomic classification, time, and space. One might suppose that basic ... More


The Object : Substance :: Event : Process Analogy

Alexis Wellwood, Susan J. Hespos, and Lance J. Rips

in Oxford Studies in Experimental Philosophy, Volume 2

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780198815259
eISBN:
9780191853012
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198815259.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Beginning at least with Bach (1986), semanticists have suggested that objects are formally parallel to events in the way substances are formally parallel to processes. This chapter investigates ... More


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