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Emergence of the Eukaryotes: The Second Mystery in Cell Evolution

Franklin M. Harold

in In Search of Cell History: The Evolution of Life's Building Blocks

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780226174143
eISBN:
9780226174310
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226174310.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

The origin of eukaryotic cells is a mystery second only to the origin of life itself. The problem is that eukaryotes make up a distinctive clade, conspicuously different from prokaryotes, yet they ... More


Eukaryotes

Lawrence E. Hunter

in The Processes of Life: An Introduction to Molecular Biology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262013055
eISBN:
9780262255288
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262013055.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This chapter introduces the structures and processes of the eukaryotes, the branch of life that includes all plants and animals. It discusses eukaryotic gene structure and transcription, components ... More


Levels of life and death

T. Gánti

in The Principles of Life

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198507260
eISBN:
9780191584886
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507260.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter introduces some of the concepts central to Génti's main argument, and illustrates how the core problem of the nature of the living state applies at many levels of life. Topics discussed ... More


Social group formation

Andrew F. G. Bourke

in Principles of Social Evolution

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199231157
eISBN:
9780191774553
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231157.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Pathways of social group formation are poorly known for the origin of the eukaryotic cell, sexual reproduction, and many interspecific mutualisms. In the origin of multicellularity and eusociality, ... More


An expanded view of social evolution

Andrew F. G. Bourke

in Principles of Social Evolution

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199231157
eISBN:
9780191774553
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231157.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

A series of major transitions in evolution has generated the biological hierarchy (e.g., genes in cells, cells in organisms, organisms in societies) observed today. Each transition requires that ... More


From Movement to Sensation

John L. Hall and Lynn Margulis

in Chimeras and Consciousness: Evolution of the Sensory Self

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015394
eISBN:
9780262312462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015394.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter presents exciting new evidence for and an interpretation of life’s deepest, most potentially profound level of chimerical union. It shows that genetic and molecular biological evidence ... More


Packaging DNA

Andrew Maniotis

in Chimeras and Consciousness: Evolution of the Sensory Self

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015394
eISBN:
9780262312462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015394.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter explains how bacterial genophore evolved into animal (including human) chromosomes. It reviews the transition from the bacterial carrier of DNA to the chromosomes within the more complex ... More


Rapid evolution of centromeres and centromeric/kinetochore proteins

Kevin C. Roach, Benjamin D. Ross, and Harmit S. Malik

in Rapidly Evolving Genes and Genetic Systems

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199642274
eISBN:
9780191774751
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199642274.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Centromeres and the kinetochore proteins that bind them are required for chromosome segregation during eukaryotic cell division. Despite this conserved function, both centromeric DNA and kinetochore ... More


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