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 Evolution of the DNA World and the Chance Events That Accompanied It: More about Complexity

Paul F. Lurquin and Linda Stone

in Evolution and Religious Creation Myths: How Scientists Respond

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195315387
eISBN:
9780199785674
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315387.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

First life-forms appeared at least as early as 3.5 billion years ago in the form of prokaryotes. Some of these species developed oxygenic photosynthesis, which resulted in the presence of oxygen gas ... More


Dollo parsimony and the reconstruction of genome evolution

Igor B. Rogozin, Yuri I. Wolf, Vladimir N. Babenko, and Eugene V. Koonin

in Parsimony, Phylogeny, and Genomics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199297306
eISBN:
9780191713729
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297306.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The Dollo parsimony method is based on the assumption that a complex character that has been lost during evolution of a particular lineage cannot be regained. When applicable, this principle leads to ... More


Carbon sequestration

David M. Wilkinson

in Fundamental Processes in Ecology: An earth systems approach

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568469
eISBN:
9780191717611
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568469.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

While traditionally ecology textbooks only discuss the short term carbon cycle, the role of life has been crucial in the geological long term carbon cycle through processes such as silicate ... More


The Microbial Models of Molecular Biology: From Genes to Genomes

Rowland H. Davis

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195154368
eISBN:
9780199893935
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195154368.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This book explains the role of simple biological model systems in the growth of molecular biology. Essentially, the whole history of molecular biology is presented here, tracing the work in ... More


Microbes from Hell

Patrick Forterre

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226265827
eISBN:
9780226265964
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226265964.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Microbiology

The book “Microbes from Hell” is both an historical report of the discovery of hyperthermophiles and a personal recollection by the author of his own work on these microorganisms. The molecular ... More


Why Are There Two Sexes?

Turk Rhen and David Crews

in Sex Differences in the Brain: From Genes to Behavior

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195311587
eISBN:
9780199865048
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311587.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter provides a three-part introduction to sex differences, stressing both the conserved and the unique as part of Darwin's notion of descent with modification. The first section takes a step ... More


The Evolutionary Biology of Species

Timothy G. Barraclough

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780198749745
eISBN:
9780191814020
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198749745.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

‘Species’ are central to understanding the origin and dynamics of biological diversity; explaining why lineages split into multiple distinct species is one of the main goals of evolutionary biology. ... More


Yeast Becomes a Supermodel

Rowland H. Davis

in The Microbial Models of Molecular Biology: From Genes to Genomes

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195154368
eISBN:
9780199893935
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195154368.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This chapter focuses on how yeast became the prime focus of eukaryotic molecular biology after 1975. It summarizes some of the major studies in yeast biology. It shows how progress in disentangling ... More


Yeast

Rowland H. Davis

in The Microbial Models of Molecular Biology: From Genes to Genomes

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195154368
eISBN:
9780199893935
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195154368.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This chapter traces the development of the baker's and brewer's yeast known now as Saccharomyces cerevisiae as a model organism. In particular, it discusses studies by Øjvind Winge, Carl Lindegren, ... More


The First Minds: Caterpillars, Karyotes, and Consciousness

Arthur S. Reber

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780190854157
eISBN:
9780190854188
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190854157.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The book presents a novel theory of the origins of mind and consciousness dubbed the Cellular Basis of Consciousness (CBC). It argues that sentience emerged with life itself. The most primitive ... More


The Eukaryote Tree of Life

Lipscomb Diana

in Beyond Cladistics: The Branching of a Paradigm

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520267725
eISBN:
9780520947993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520267725.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

By the early 1990s, it was becoming clear that the commonly used five kingdom classification schemes were oversimplified and simply inadequate for describing the major divisions of life. At this ... More


Laboratory Experiments on Speciation

James D. Fry

in Experimental Evolution: Concepts, Methods, and Applications of Selection Experiments

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520247666
eISBN:
9780520944473
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520247666.003.0020
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter reviews the literature on speciation experiments, identifies neglected questions that could be addressed by new experiments, and suggests general guidelines for such experiments, ... More


Cells, Bodies, and Brains

Arlindo Oliveira

in The Digital Mind: How Science is Redefining Humanity

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780262036030
eISBN:
9780262338394
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036030.003.0006
Subject:
Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence

This chapter describes evolution as a long-running algorithm that has designed all species on Earth. Evolution, a process discovered by Charles Darwin, has been working for more than four billion ... More


Introduction

Timothy G. Barraclough

in The Evolutionary Biology of Species

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780198749745
eISBN:
9780191814020
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198749745.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter explains what the book is about and highlights the range of processes and questions to be considered. The central thesis is that species represent more than a unit of taxonomy, they are ... More


Ecological and Environmental Physiology of Insects

Jon F. Harrison, H. Arthur Woods, and Stephen P. Roberts

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199225941
eISBN:
9780191774607
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199225941.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Ecology

Insects are the most ecologically important multicellular heterotrophs in terrestrial systems. They play critical roles in ecological food webs, remain devastating agricultural and medical pests, and ... More


Ecology Emergent

John L. Culliney and David Jones

in The Fractal Self: Science, Philosophy, and the Evolution of Human Cooperation

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780824866617
eISBN:
9780824875763
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824866617.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Ever since life’s debut on the earth, biotic evolution has been a near-balancing act. On virtually every level, competition and cooperation, shifting endlessly between foreground and background, have ... More


Lessons from the fossil record: the Ediacaran radiation, the Cambrian radiation, and the end-Permian mass extinction

Stephen Q. Dornbos, Matthew E. Clapham, Margaret L. Fraiser, and Marc Laflamme

in Marine Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning: Frameworks, methodologies, and integration

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199642250
eISBN:
9780191774768
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199642250.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

Due to its extensive deep-time history encompassing almost 600 million years, the fossil record offers important insights into changing biodiversity in marine ecosystems, inluding rapid ... More


In Search of Cell History: The Evolution of Life's Building Blocks

Franklin M. Harold

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780226174143
eISBN:
9780226174310
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226174310.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

The discovery of how the machinery of life works, and how it is constructed, is one of the glories of 20th century science. By contrast, we know little of the origin and evolution of cells and their ... More


Phylogenetic, Functional, and Geological Perspectives on Complex Multicellularity

Andrew H. Knoll and David Hewitt

in The Major Transitions in Evolution Revisited

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015240
eISBN:
9780262295703
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015240.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter develops a subtle model that integrates environmental and internal factors. It describes the phylogenetic distribution of multicellular organisms in general and complex multicellular ... More


The Universal Tree of Life: Are Microbes from Hell Our Ancestors?

Patrick Forterre

in Microbes from Hell

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226265827
eISBN:
9780226265964
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226265964.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Microbiology

The chapter starts with a history of archaeal genomic and continue discussing the impact of genomic revolution on the author’s work and on several critical evolutionary issues. Notably, comparative ... More


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