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Cooperative Clergy? Catholics in the American Eugenics Society

Sharon M. Leon

in An Image of God: The Catholic Struggle with Eugenics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226038988
eISBN:
9780226039039
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226039039.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter focuses on the Catholic members of the American Eugenics Society (AES). As part of the effort to win converts to their cause, and to soothe the fears of those opposed to eugenics, the ... More


Supreme Authorities: Catholicism and Eugenics beyond the Borders

Sharon M. Leon

in An Image of God: The Catholic Struggle with Eugenics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226038988
eISBN:
9780226039039
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226039039.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter considers the international success of the eugenics movement. The eugenics movement encompassed an international community made up of scientists rather than believers in a common faith. ... More


Our Eugenics Past

Judith Daar

in The New Eugenics: Selective Breeding in an Era of Reproductive Technologies

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780300137156
eISBN:
9780300229035
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300137156.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Medical Law

This chapter examines the past eugenics movement in order to evaluate the motivations, patterns, strategies, and language that drew in so many. Searching the parameters of a movement that targeted ... More


For the Welfare of the Race: The Early Clash over Reproduction and Community

Sharon M. Leon

in An Image of God: The Catholic Struggle with Eugenics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226038988
eISBN:
9780226039039
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226039039.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter considers the early clashes between Catholics and the eugenics movement in the years prior to World War I. The discussions include the impact of a March 1910 article by Father Stephen M. ... More


Metropolitan responses

Chloe Campbell

in Race and Empire: Eugenics in Colonial Kenya

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719071607
eISBN:
9781781700686
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719071607.003.0004
Subject:
History, Imperialism and Colonialism

This chapter discusses the reception of Kenyan racial theories in Britain, uncovering the political complexity of ‘native mentality’ and examines how it came about that the leaders of the British ... More


An Image of God: The Catholic Struggle with Eugenics

Sharon M. Leon

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226038988
eISBN:
9780226039039
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226039039.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

During the first half of the twentieth century, supporters of the eugenics movement offered an image of a racially transformed America by curtailing the reproduction of “unfit” members of society. ... More


A Great, Popular, Noncontroversial, and Effective Movement: Struggling with the “New Eugenics”

Sharon M. Leon

in An Image of God: The Catholic Struggle with Eugenics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226038988
eISBN:
9780226039039
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226039039.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter discusses the eugenics movement's attempts to redefine its public face. It backed off from its earlier position on forced sterilization, and repackaged eugenics philosophy to embrace ... More


Blood Will Tell

Ava Chamberlain

in The Notorious Elizabeth Tuttle: Marriage, Murder, and Madness in the Family of Jonathan Edwards

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814723722
eISBN:
9780814723739
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814723722.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This chapter examines the factors that led to the reemergence of the figure of Elizabeth Tuttle and the conflicting images of her that had formed during the eugenics movement. It considers a number ... More


Reproductive Policies

David L. Hoffmann

in Cultivating the Masses: Modern State Practices and Soviet Socialism, 1914-1939

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801446290
eISBN:
9780801462832
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801446290.003.0004
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

This chapter examines the Soviet government's attempts to control reproduction by outlawing abortion and offering financial rewards to women with seven or more children, along with other measures ... More


An Image Of God, Not A Mere Animal: An Introduction

Sharon M. Leon

in An Image of God: The Catholic Struggle with Eugenics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226038988
eISBN:
9780226039039
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226039039.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This introductory chapter discusses growth of the eugenics movement in the half-century before World War II and its opposition led by American Catholics. It explains the rationale behind the eugenics ... More


Instituting Eugenics in California

Alexandra Minna Stern

in Eugenic Nation: Faults and Frontiers of Better Breeding in Modern America

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780520285064
eISBN:
9780520960657
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520285064.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter explores the emergence of the eugenics movement in California from 1900 to the 1940s, during which time an influential web of individuals and groups endorsed, financed, and directed ... More


Genealogies of White Deviance: The Eugenic Family Studies, Buck v. Bell, and William Faulkner, 1926–1931

Jay Watson

in Faulkner and Whiteness

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2014
ISBN:
9781617030208
eISBN:
9781621033202
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781617030208.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century Literature and Modernism

This chapter examines genealogy as a motif from early in William Faulkner’s career and its link to the mainstream eugenics movement in the United States. It looks at Faulkner’s construction of ... More


Speaking into a Dead Man’s Ear

Dawne McCance

in The Reproduction of Life Death: Derrida's La vie la mort

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780823283910
eISBN:
9780823286287
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823283910.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, General

What Alexander Graham Bell considered his most important, if least known, invention, the ear phonautograph, was designed to “bring the deaf to speech.” This chapter links Derrida’s suggestion that ... More


Heredity as Ideology: Situating Genomics Historically

Kelly E. Happe

in The Material Gene: Gender, Race, and Heredity after the Human Genome Project

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814790670
eISBN:
9780814744727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814790670.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

This chapter constructs a historical narrative of genetics that draws on already published histories as well as original research, beginning with the eugenics movement of the progressive era, in ... More


Envisioning the Lethal Chamber

Scott Christianson

in The Last Gasp: The Rise and Fall of the American Gas Chamber

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520255623
eISBN:
9780520945616
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520255623.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The history of the gas chamber is a story of the twentieth century. But an earlier event that would subsequently figure into its evolution occurred one day in 1846, when a French physiologist, Claude ... More


Epilogue

Sharon M. Leon

in An Image of God: The Catholic Struggle with Eugenics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226038988
eISBN:
9780226039039
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226039039.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter describes the fate of the eugenics movement and Catholic opposition after World War II. In the 1950s, Catholics managed to integrate successfully with the larger American population ... More


Charles Davenport and the Biology of Blackness

Michael Yudell and J. Craig Venter

in Race Unmasked: Biology and Race in the Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231168748
eISBN:
9780231537995
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231168748.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

This chapter focuses on the eugenics of Charles Davenport who, through his speeches, writings, and advocacy on behalf of eugenic ideology, established himself as the expert of the American eugenics ... More


Genetics and public health: historical perspectives and current challenges and opportunities

Gilbert S. Omenn

in Genetics and Public Health in the 21st Century: Using Genetic Information to Improve Health and Prevent Disease

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195128307
eISBN:
9780199864485
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195128307.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter traces the historical paths that have led to the emergence of public health genetics. The importance of anticipating and addressing the social, ethical, and legal ramifications of ... More


The Notorious Elizabeth Tuttle: Marriage, Murder, and Madness in the Family of Jonathan Edwards

Ava Chamberlain

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814723722
eISBN:
9780814723739
Item type:
book
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814723722.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

Who was Elizabeth Tuttle? In most histories she is a footnote, a blip. At best she is a minor villain in the story of Jonathan Edwards, perhaps the greatest American theologian of the colonial era. ... More


Conclusion

David L. Hoffmann

in Cultivating the Masses: Modern State Practices and Soviet Socialism, 1914-1939

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801446290
eISBN:
9780801462832
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801446290.003.0007
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

This book has discussed social welfare policies under Joseph Stalin's leadership and their connection to warfare. It has explained how social medicine enabled the state to launch a variety of public ... More


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