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Science

G. E. R. Lloyd

in Disciplines in the Making: Cross-Cultural Perspectives on Elites, Learning, and Innovation

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199567874
eISBN:
9780191721649
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199567874.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Some have seen science as a uniquely modern Western phenomenon, hypothesising a Great Divide between ‘hot’ and ‘cold’ societies, roughly those with and those without science. Others, however, have ... More


The Ethnobotany of Eden: Rethinking the Jungle Medicine Narrative

Robert A. Voeks

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780226547718
eISBN:
9780226547855
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226547855.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

In the 1980s, scientists and environmentalists sounded the alarm that deforestation was decimating the world’s tropical rainforests. Among the protection strategies that emerged, none resonated more ... More


Conflicting Goals, Ideologies, and Beliefs in the Field*

Lenore A. Grenoble and Simone S. Whitecloud

in Endangered Languages: Beliefs and Ideologies in Language Documentation and Revitalization

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780197265765
eISBN:
9780191771958
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265765.003.0016
Subject:
Linguistics, Language Families

The last two decades have seen a remarkable surge in work in description and documentation of endangered languages, which has required researchers to rethink how they work with indigenous ... More


Cacao and Its Relatives in South America: An Overview of Taxonomy, Ecology, Biogeography, Chemistry, and Ethnobotany

Nathaniel Bletter and Douglas C. Daly

in Chocolate in Mesoamerica: A Cultural History of Cacao

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813029535
eISBN:
9780813039503
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813029535.003.0002
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

This chapter discusses the taxonomy of all of the species of Theobrama and Herrania. Cacao belongs to the South American group of forty species of small trees closely related to the genera of ... More


Listening to the Forest

Jeff Grignon and Robin Wall Kimmerer

in Wildness: Relations of People and Place

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780226444666
eISBN:
9780226444970
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226444970.003.0009
Subject:
Environmental Science, Nature

This chapter focuses on the landscape of the Menominee Nation in northern Wisconsin, which is internationally recognized for sustainable forest management grounded in both traditional ecological ... More


God’s Medicine Chest

Robert A. Voeks

in The Ethnobotany of Eden: Rethinking the Jungle Medicine Narrative

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780226547718
eISBN:
9780226547855
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226547855.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

The tropical forests of Asia, Africa, Oceania, and the Americas have long constituted more myth and metaphor than reality in the minds of Westerners. Among these, none has proved more compelling in ... More


Forgetting the Forest

Robert A. Voeks

in The Ethnobotany of Eden: Rethinking the Jungle Medicine Narrative

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780226547718
eISBN:
9780226547855
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226547855.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter examines the question of whether knowledge and use of healing plants maintained by traditional societies is disappearing before it can benefit society at large. The main agents are ... More


Medicine and Spirit: The Dual Nature of Peyote

Joseph D. Calabrese

in A Different Medicine: Postcolonial Healing in the Native American Church

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199927722
eISBN:
9780199345670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199927722.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter describes Native American understandings of Peyote. Peyote is central to the Native American Church as a psychopharmacological agent, as a potent symbol, and as a spiritual entity. In ... More


The Ethnoecology of Crop Diversity in Andean Potato Agriculture

Stephen B. Brush

in Farmers' Bounty: Locating Crop Diversity in the Contemporary World

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300100495
eISBN:
9780300130140
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300100495.003.0005
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

This chapter describes the ethnobiology of Andean potatoes as an example of how anthropological research can contribute to an overall understanding of the ecology and evolution of a crop in its ... More


Biogeography

Kenneth R. Young, Mark A. Blumler, Lori D. Daniels, Thomas T. Veblen, and Susy S. Ziegler

in Geography in America at the Dawn of the 21st Century

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198233923
eISBN:
9780191917707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198233923.003.0011
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Regional Geography

Biogeographers study the distributions of organisms and the systems those species inhabit. Biogeography can be viewed both as a form of geographical enquiry applied to plants and animals, and also ... More


Botany and Horticulture of Tamarisk

Martin F. Quigley

in Tamarix: A Case Study of Ecological Change in the American West

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199898206
eISBN:
9780190267896
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199898206.003.0019
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter discusses the botany and horticulture of tamarisk. Plants of the genus Tamarix L. (Tamaricaceae, one of four families in the order Caryophyllales) are large shrubs or small trees ... More


Will the Real Shaman Please Stand Up?: The Recent Adoption of Ayahuasca Among Indigenous Groups of the Peruvian Amazon

Glenn H. Shepard

in Ayahuasca Shamanism in the Amazon and Beyond

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199341191
eISBN:
9780199379408
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199341191.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

The ayahuasca brew (Banisteriopsis caapi and Psychotria viridis) was introduced very recently among the Matsigenka and Yora (Nahua) indigenous people of southern Peru. The Matsigenka used ... More


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