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Racial and Ethnic Differences in Risk and Protective Factors Associated with Youth Violence

James Herbert Williams, Charlotte Lyn Bright, and Granger Petersen

in Violence in Context: Current Evidence on Risk, Protection, and Prevention

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195369595
eISBN:
9780199865215
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195369595.003.0003
Subject:
Social Work, Crime and Justice

While researchers, practitioners, policy makers, and service providers ask increasingly for solutions to the enduring problems of youth violence, key issues have gone unaddressed. For example, ... More


Kosovo Under United Nations Rule

The Independent International Commission on Kosovo

in The Kosovo Report: Conflict, International Response, Lessons Learned

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199243099
eISBN:
9780191599538
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199243093.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Traces the establishment of international presence in Kosovo following the signing of the Military‐Technical Agreement (MTA) between NATO and Yugoslavia and the implementation of the UN Security ... More


Pluralism in a Patrimonial Bureaucracy: The Ottoman Empire

R. D. Grillo

in Pluralism and the Politics of Difference: State, Culture, and Ethnicity in Comparative Perspective

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294269
eISBN:
9780191599378
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294263.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Some of the most horrifying episodes of ethnic violence of the twentieth century occurred in a territory originally part of the Ottoman Empire. Although for later generations the Empire was a byword ... More


Killing Others

Matthew Lange

in Killing Others: A Natural History of Ethnic Violence

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781501704871
eISBN:
9781501707773
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501704871.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

This book examines the origins, causes, transformations, and future of ethnic violence by focusing on its natural history. Drawing on insight from numerous disciplines combined with a theoretical ... More


States and Ethnic Violence: Containing Violence or Instigating Unrest?

Matthew Lange

in Killing Others: A Natural History of Ethnic Violence

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781501704871
eISBN:
9781501707773
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501704871.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

This chapter examines the role of the state in promoting or deterring ethnic violence. It begins with a discussion of the ways states can promote ethnic violence by using a number of examples, ... More


Modernity and Ethnic Violence in Africa, Asia, and Latin America

Matthew Lange

in Killing Others: A Natural History of Ethnic Violence

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781501704871
eISBN:
9781501707773
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501704871.003.0010
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

This chapter examines the link between modernity and ethnic violence by focusing on Africa, Asia, and Latin America. Modernity interacts with and depends on the local social environment, and the ... More


Emotional Prejudice and Ethnic Obligations: Motives of Ethnic Violence

Matthew Lange

in Killing Others: A Natural History of Ethnic Violence

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781501704871
eISBN:
9781501707773
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501704871.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

This chapter examines two underlying motives of ethnic violence: emotional prejudice and ethnic obligations. It first considers how instrumental interests motivate ethnic violence before discussing ... More


The Future of Ethnic Violence

Matthew Lange

in Killing Others: A Natural History of Ethnic Violence

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781501704871
eISBN:
9781501707773
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501704871.003.0011
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

This chapter summarizes the book's major findings regarding ethnic violence before considering the future of ethnic violence and potential policy prescriptions that might help to limit the prevalence ... More


Killing Others: A Natural History of Ethnic Violence

Matthew Lange

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781501704871
eISBN:
9781501707773
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501704871.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

This book explores why humans ruthlessly attack and kill people from other ethnic communities. Drawing on an array of cases from around the world and insight from a variety of disciplines, the book ... More


The Nature and Nurture of Ethnic Violence

Matthew Lange

in Killing Others: A Natural History of Ethnic Violence

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781501704871
eISBN:
9781501707773
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501704871.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

This chapter examines the nature and nurture of ethnic violence. It begins with a discussion of the behavioral problems of border collies and how they are related to ethnic violence, noting that both ... More


Modernity and Ethnic Violence

Matthew Lange

in Killing Others: A Natural History of Ethnic Violence

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781501704871
eISBN:
9781501707773
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501704871.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

This chapter examines the link between modernity and ethnic violence. It begins with an overview of the origins and forms of modernity as well as the factors that caused the processes constituting ... More


From Worst to First: Declining Ethnic Violence in Early Modernizers

Matthew Lange

in Killing Others: A Natural History of Ethnic Violence

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781501704871
eISBN:
9781501707773
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501704871.003.0009
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

This chapter examines a paradox in the connection between modernity and ethnic violence: the earliest and most successful modernizers experienced severe ethnic violence prior to World War II, yet ... More


Variation in Mass Nationalism across Russia’s Republics

Giuliano Elise

in Constructing Grievance: Ethnic Nationalism in Russia's Republics

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801447457
eISBN:
9780801460722
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801447457.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

This chapter focuses on the emergence of opposition nationalist movements in Russia's republics. It first compares the level of mass support for nationalism in each of Russia's sixteen republics, ... More


Blood, Dreams and Gold: The Changing Face of Burma

Richard Cockett

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780300204513
eISBN:
9780300215984
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300204513.001.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History

Burma is one of the largest countries in Southeast Asia and was once one of its richest. Under successive military regimes, however, the country eventually ended up as one of the poorest countries in ... More


The Origins of Ethnic Pluralism

Matthew Lange

in Killing Others: A Natural History of Ethnic Violence

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781501704871
eISBN:
9781501707773
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501704871.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

This chapter examines the origins of ethnic pluralism. Most countries have populations with multiple and opposing ethnic consciousness, and such ethnic pluralism is a necessary condition for ethnic ... More


Teaching Peace or Violence?

Matthew Lange

in Killing Others: A Natural History of Ethnic Violence

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781501704871
eISBN:
9781501707773
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501704871.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

This chapter argues that education contributes to ethnic violence, in contrast to popular beliefs and the literature suggesting that it promotes peace and tolerance rather than hatred and violence. ... More


Understanding the Woundedness/Psychological Transformation of All Parties in Mass Violence

Ervin Staub

in Overcoming Evil: Genocide, Violent Conflict, and Terrorism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195382044
eISBN:
9780199864942
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195382044.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter discusses the harmful psychological consequences of conflict and violence, including changes in the nature of identity and self-concept (both individual and group) of many members of all ... More


A Precarious Border Zone: Ethnic Violence and the Greek–Turkish War of 1919–1922

Volker Prott

in The Politics of Self-Determination: Remaking Territories and National Identities in Europe, 1917–1923

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780198777847
eISBN:
9780191823312
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198777847.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Political History

This chapter investigates the ferocious three-year war between Greece and Turkey between May 1919 and September 1922. It examines three key episodes of the war in detail: the Greek landing in Smyrna ... More


Conclusion

Lawrence P. Markowitz

in State Erosion: Unlootable Resources and Unruly Elites in Central Asia

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801451874
eISBN:
9780801469466
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801451874.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Asian Politics

This concluding chapter discusses how understanding the distinct patterns of state failure in weak states with immobile capital can inform our study of regime change, ethnic violence, and security ... More


Secessionism from the Bottom Up: Democratization, Nationalism, and Local Accountability in Russia

Giuliano Elise

in Constructing Grievance: Ethnic Nationalism in Russia's Republics

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801447457
eISBN:
9780801460722
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801447457.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

This chapter focuses on the secessionist campaigns launched by Russia's republics in the early 1990s. More specifically, it examines why some republics made strong demands on Moscow for increased ... More


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